A view (and a career) from
the other side of scientific
publishing
JOURNAL EDITOR
Matteo Cavalleri – Editor-in-Chief
Inter...
How do journals work?
THE SCIENTISTS‟ VIEW?
By Nick Kim (www.nearingzero.net); used with permission
How do journals work?
THE INSIDE VIEW
Image from wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:ScientificReview.jpg
How do journals work?
THE PEER-REVIEW
Models of editorial office
IN-HOUSE VS. EXTERNAL EDITORS
EXTERNAL EDITORS
…all ACS & Elsevier titles, some
RCS, most Wiley...
Models of editorial office
IN-HOUSE VS. EXTERNAL EDITORS
EXTERNAL EDITORSIN-HOUSE EDITORS
Work full time on journal – can
...
In-house editor is a career
for PhDsTYPICAL BACKGROUND: ME
IJQC, October 2011
Most editors are PhD-trained
scientists…
…of...
In-house editor is a career
for PhDsA REAL CAREER
IJQC, October 2011
Editorial Trainee

Editor
physica status solidi

As...
What is the peer-review
process?SINCE 1665, A TOUCH STONE OF THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD
“Peer review is the critical assessment...
Peer-review is always
evolvingPEER-REVIEW TYPES
-ANONYMOUS: Most common
-DOUBLE BLIND: Medical journals
-OPEN: Atmospheric...
What editors look for?
INSIDE PRE-SCREENING
MOST JOURNALS
-Novelty
-Importance (in specific field / in related disciplines...
This how referees are
chosenPART SCIENCE & PART ART
-Editors‟ knowledge & experience
-From related papers:
- cited manuscr...
Referees suggestions are
welcomePREFERRED & NOT-PREFERRED REFEREES LIST
-Not just the big names, please
-No collaborators,...
The cover letter is important
NO COVER LETTER = WASTED OPPORTUNITY
THERE IS MORE
-Disclose conflicts of interest
-List rel...
Accept, Reject or Revise?
THE EDITOR‟S JOB
-REJECTION
- Without external referee reports (Editor)
- Based on reports
-REVI...
Beyond peer-review
FROM PAPERS TO JOURNALS
Author
Correction
Early View
Online
Publication
Issue Build and
checking
Issue
...
Types of editors
NOT JUST PEER-REVIEW
PEER-REVIEW EDITOR
-Scientific background
-Manages peer-review, makes decision
-Comm...
Other roles for scientists in
publishingJOURNALS, BOOKS & WEB
IN JOURNALS
-Publishing Editor (portfolio of titles, budgets...
Editor‟s career pros & cons
WHAT‟S HOT & WHAT‟S NOT
…AND WHAT I WOULD DO WITHOUT
-Journal/process development can be slow ...
What is a good editor made
of?PASSION & SKILLS
… BUT YOU WON‟T LOVE IT IF YOU …
-love being in the lab and do research
-en...
Wiley is wonderful, really, …
…BUT THERE ARE OTHER PLACES
-Peer-review editors wanted:
-Other roles:
and more…
Publishing is changing, Right
nowONLINE & MOBILE RULES
-Print is on the way out
-EarlyViews, ASAP instead of issues
-DOI i...
Publishing is changing, Right
nowNEW WAYS TO FIND PAPERS
-Papers discovered through alerts & searches of keywords, structu...
Questions? Complaints?
MCAVALLERI@WILEY.COM & ON TWITTER: PHYSICSTEO
Find IJQC at http://www.q-chem.org
Urban Myth: Editors hate
appealsSO SHOULD YOU APPEAL?
USUALLY, NO
-Risk of long time of publication
-Good papers are found...
IJQC is growing too
QUANTUM CHEMISTRY RELOADED
-Founded in 1967, in-house editorial office since 2011
-Expanded scope
-Rap...
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Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing

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Journal Editor: A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing

  1. 1. A view (and a career) from the other side of scientific publishing JOURNAL EDITOR Matteo Cavalleri – Editor-in-Chief International Journal of Quantum Chemistry
  2. 2. How do journals work? THE SCIENTISTS‟ VIEW? By Nick Kim (www.nearingzero.net); used with permission
  3. 3. How do journals work? THE INSIDE VIEW Image from wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:ScientificReview.jpg
  4. 4. How do journals work? THE PEER-REVIEW
  5. 5. Models of editorial office IN-HOUSE VS. EXTERNAL EDITORS EXTERNAL EDITORS …all ACS & Elsevier titles, some RCS, most Wiley journals… IN-HOUSE EDITORS …+ PRL, PRB, some RSC (PCCP), some IOP titles (NJP, JP:CM)…
  6. 6. Models of editorial office IN-HOUSE VS. EXTERNAL EDITORS EXTERNAL EDITORSIN-HOUSE EDITORS Work full time on journal – can dedicate more time and resources on new developments General view Have own research group Expert in specific field BOTH: peer-review, decision making, dealing with appeals, commissioning, conference participation and lab visits, writing news stories, contributing to “input” marketing …
  7. 7. In-house editor is a career for PhDsTYPICAL BACKGROUND: ME IJQC, October 2011 Most editors are PhD-trained scientists… …often with PostDoc experience. Own research experience is invaluable!
  8. 8. In-house editor is a career for PhDsA REAL CAREER IJQC, October 2011 Editorial Trainee  Editor physica status solidi  Associate Editor J. Pol. Sci.:Pol. Phys.  Editor-in-Chief Int. J. Quantum Chem.  World Dominance?
  9. 9. What is the peer-review process?SINCE 1665, A TOUCH STONE OF THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD “Peer review is the critical assessment of manuscripts submitted to journals by experts who are not part of the editorial staff”-International Committee of Medical Journals Editors WHAT IT CANNOT DO (*)WHAT IT SHOULD DO -Filter out bad/uninteresting work -Make as sure as possible the work is reported correctly -Make sure results are interpreted correctly, and convincingly -Improve the quality of publication -Detect fabrication -Prevent duplicate publication -Pick the most interesting papers -Ensure quality -Ensure the article is right for the journal (*) AUTOMATICALLY
  10. 10. Peer-review is always evolvingPEER-REVIEW TYPES -ANONYMOUS: Most common -DOUBLE BLIND: Medical journals -OPEN: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics -SIGNED: Non-anonymous referees, BMJ -TECHNICAL PEER-REVIEW ONLY: PLoS One -MIX OF THE ABOVE: Independent/Interactive, “Frontiers In” Journals -NONE: Evaluation by community post-publication, arXiv
  11. 11. What editors look for? INSIDE PRE-SCREENING MOST JOURNALS -Novelty -Importance (in specific field / in related disciplines) -Interest ALL JOURNALS -Scope -Format (Communication, full paper, review…) -Understandability Editors are not always qualified to evaluate the technical merits of manuscripts. This is the job of the referees.
  12. 12. This how referees are chosenPART SCIENCE & PART ART -Editors‟ knowledge & experience -From related papers: - cited manuscripts - literature search -Additional research: - conference/lab visits - web search (good „ol Google) -Reviewer database: - keywords, interest, history…
  13. 13. Referees suggestions are welcomePREFERRED & NOT-PREFERRED REFEREES LIST -Not just the big names, please -No collaborators, previous advisors, grant co-applicants, … -Tell us about circumstances that may prevent impartial review: - close competitors, who may “scoop” you - other conflicts …within reason…
  14. 14. The cover letter is important NO COVER LETTER = WASTED OPPORTUNITY THERE IS MORE -Disclose conflicts of interest -List related papers in press, submitted- prepare to provide copies! -Provide reviewers suggestions EXPLAIN TO THE EDITOR -Why work is significant -What is the major advance -What is new, better on previous works -Why the journal is the right on for work The cover letter should take shape from the paper‟s intro & conclusion TIP: Get the journal/editor‟s names right! Especially if not 1st choice…
  15. 15. Accept, Reject or Revise? THE EDITOR‟S JOB -REJECTION - Without external referee reports (Editor) - Based on reports -REVISION - Reconsideration or resubmission possible after major revisions -ACCEPTANCE - Without changes (rare) - With minor changes
  16. 16. Beyond peer-review FROM PAPERS TO JOURNALS Author Correction Early View Online Publication Issue Build and checking Issue Publishing and Distribution TypesettingSubmission Peer review Copy-editing Peer Review Article Publishing (Early View) Issue Publishing
  17. 17. Types of editors NOT JUST PEER-REVIEW PEER-REVIEW EDITOR -Scientific background -Manages peer-review, makes decision -Commissions content TECHNICAL/COPY EDITOR -Scientific backgrounds -Handles accepted papers -Copy edits, ensures best presentation of content to the public -Eye for details, passion for language
  18. 18. Other roles for scientists in publishingJOURNALS, BOOKS & WEB IN JOURNALS -Publishing Editor (portfolio of titles, budgets, strategy, not involved in science) -Editor of articles for broad audience, written by specialists (Nature‟s News & Views,..) -Science journalist (works as freelancer) IN BOOK & THE WEB -Book Commissioning Editor -Web portal Editor (MaterialsViews.org, ChemistryViews.org,…) Plus marketing, adverting and sales (Science education less crucial)
  19. 19. Editor‟s career pros & cons WHAT‟S HOT & WHAT‟S NOT …AND WHAT I WOULD DO WITHOUT -Journal/process development can be slow and frustrating -Angry authors are difficult to deal with -Fraud/Ethical violations are not uncommon and very exasperating! -Sometimes I miss coding, hacking hardware (being a “lab-rat”) -Career progression after Editor-in-Chief not easy WHAT I LOVE… -It‟s a career at the “center of science” -Entrusted the knowledge of entire disciplines -Bird-eye view over science, see best results 1st! -Contact with the scientific community -Add & participate at the scientific debate and progress -Plenty of (international) travel -Real possibility of professional growth
  20. 20. What is a good editor made of?PASSION & SKILLS … BUT YOU WON‟T LOVE IT IF YOU … -love being in the lab and do research -enjoy being the world expert in a specific subject -don‟t like changing topics several time a day -hated writing your thesis IT MAY BE THE JOB FOR YOU IF YOU … -are passionate for science communication -recognize the importance of publishing in the scientific process -are curious about a broad range of topics & disciplines -know the art of diplomacy and have people skills -have analytical, and decision-making skills -are creative, with an eye for detail (and the “next big thing”) ENGLISH IS THE LANGUAGE OF SCIENCE -Publishing not restricted to native speakers anymore -BUT, you need to be fluent in communicating science with it
  21. 21. Wiley is wonderful, really, … …BUT THERE ARE OTHER PLACES -Peer-review editors wanted: -Other roles: and more…
  22. 22. Publishing is changing, Right nowONLINE & MOBILE RULES -Print is on the way out -EarlyViews, ASAP instead of issues -DOI is more important than page numbers -Read papers anytime, anywhere…online -Get real data, enriched contents, supplementary information, videos… -Central stores, personalized journals,… …could create new roles in science publishing…
  23. 23. Publishing is changing, Right nowNEW WAYS TO FIND PAPERS -Papers discovered through alerts & searches of keywords, structures, … not issues -News sites – Chemistryviews.org, Materialsviews.org … -Discussion sites, forum, Nature Network, Twitter & social media -Paper commenting; e.g. PloS One -Less use of issues, more Google Scholar, WoS, … -New ways to discuss and evaluate work. Impact Factor on the way out? -Conferences, Meetings,…
  24. 24. Questions? Complaints? MCAVALLERI@WILEY.COM & ON TWITTER: PHYSICSTEO Find IJQC at http://www.q-chem.org
  25. 25. Urban Myth: Editors hate appealsSO SHOULD YOU APPEAL? USUALLY, NO -Risk of long time of publication -Good papers are found and cited -Editors & referees know journal well OCCASIONALLY, YES -Importance/novelty missed by editor/referees -Factual error in referee reports that lead to rejection -Need more clarification of decision Be calm, argumentative and give scientific justification for reassessment
  26. 26. IJQC is growing too QUANTUM CHEMISTRY RELOADED -Founded in 1967, in-house editorial office since 2011 -Expanded scope -Rapid peer-review, then acceptance to online publication in 15 days Open-Access series at http://reviews.q-chem.org & http://tutorials.q-chem.org

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