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Definition: (As stated under IDEA) “an acquired injury to the brain caused by an   external physical force, resulting in t...
•TBI (traumatic brain injury) is used for head injuries that can cause changes to oneor more major areas that may affect a...
Injuries on the left side                Injuries on the right side Injuries of the left side of the        Visual-spati...
 When injuries are scattered throughout both sides of the brain This type of TBI may lead to:   Confusion   Reduced th...
 TBI is usually the result of some sort of accident   The Center for Disease Control estimates the causes for    TBI as ...
 http://www.ci.maryville.tn.us http://specialed.about.com http://www.biausa.org
Traumatic brain injury
Traumatic brain injury
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Traumatic brain injury

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Traumatic brain injury

  1. 1. Definition: (As stated under IDEA) “an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term applies to open or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas, such as cognition; language; memory; attention; reasoning; abstract thinking; judgment; problem -solving; sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities; psycho -social behavior; physicalfunctions; information processing; and speech. The term does not apply to braininjuries that are congenital or degenerative, or to brain injuries induced by birth trauma.”
  2. 2. •TBI (traumatic brain injury) is used for head injuries that can cause changes to oneor more major areas that may affect a great number of different functions such as:o Talkingo Behavingo Walkingo Seeing/hearingo Learningo Remembering thingso Paying attentiono Solving problemso Reasoning and thinkingo Understanding wordso Analyzing
  3. 3. Injuries on the left side Injuries on the right side Injuries of the left side of the  Visual-spatial impairment brain can cause:  Visual memory deficits Difficulties in understanding language (receptive language)  Inattention to the left side of the body Difficulties in speaking or verbal output (expressive language)  Decreased awareness of Catastrophic reactions deficits (depression, anxiety)  Altered creativity and music Verbal memory deficits perception Impaired logic  Loss of “the big picture” type Sequencing difficulties of thinking Decreased control over right-  Decreased control over left- sided body movements sided body movements
  4. 4.  When injuries are scattered throughout both sides of the brain This type of TBI may lead to:  Confusion  Reduced thinking speed  Fatigue  Reduced concentration and attention  Impaired cognitive (thinking) skills in general
  5. 5.  TBI is usually the result of some sort of accident  The Center for Disease Control estimates the causes for TBI as follows  Falls (35.2%)  Motor vehicle-traffic crashes (17.3%)  Being struck by/against events (16.5%)  Assaults (10%) When a TBI occurs, a person can change in a matter of seconds. It is important to remember that • No two brain injuries are the same • Effects of a brain injury depend on factors such as location, cause and severity • A person with a brain injury is a person first
  6. 6.  http://www.ci.maryville.tn.us http://specialed.about.com http://www.biausa.org

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