JAZZAmerica’s “Classical” Music
Scott Joplin๏ born into a musical family๏ first black composer to achieveinternational fame๏ earned early living playing i...
๏ American form of folkmusic developed in southernUS by African Americanmusicians๏ Original medium was solovocal plus guit...
New Orleans JazzImprovisation is at the core of the jazzstyleStarted as a small ensemble genre (7 orless people) used marc...
Big Band Era “SWING”4-5 saxophones 3-4 trombones,3-4 trumpets, rhythm sectionp/b/dr/ banjo (later guitar)social function -...
Edward “Duke” Ellington๏ greatest bandleader andprolific jazz composer๏ over 2000 originalcompositions๏ great pianist๏ lon...
BEBOP๏BOP developed in New York as a result of the economic hardtimes due to WWII and changing tastes in jazz๏Style domina...
Miles Davis1926-1991๏ Cool Jazz (late 40‘s - early 50’s) : subtle style, lush orchestrations andharmonies, melodic lines a...
Other Jazz Styles๏Free Jazz - Improvisation based on free interpretation of various scales.Ex: led by Ornette Coleman’s “p...
Other Jazz Styles๏Free Jazz - Improvisation based on free interpretation of various scales.Ex: led by Ornette Coleman’s “p...
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Jazz power point

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Jazz power point

  1. 1. JAZZAmerica’s “Classical” Music
  2. 2. Scott Joplin๏ born into a musical family๏ first black composer to achieveinternational fame๏ earned early living playing inpiano bars where he learned thestyle of ragtime1868-1917“King of Ragtime”Ragtime๏precursor to Jazz๏Piano solo piece๏strains =16 bar phrases๏syncopation๏dance rhythms
  3. 3. ๏ American form of folkmusic developed in southernUS by African Americanmusicians๏ Original medium was solovocal plus guitar usuallyplayed by one performer๏GENRE: born in south and spread to popular cities:New Orleans, Chicago, Memphis, Mississippi Delta๏MOOD: uplifting, to combat the “woes” of everyday life.work songs developed from slavery๏NOTES: lowered scale tones, usually a “flat” 3rd, 5th, and 7th.๏SCALE: 1 b3 4 b5 5 b7 - C, Eb, F, Gb, G, Bb๏FORM: binary 12 measure formpoetic form is A (4 bars), A’ (4 bars), B (4 bars)๏HARMONIC CHORD PROGRESSION: Chords built on lowered 7thC7 (4 bars) F7 (2 bars) C7 (2bars) G7 (1 bar) F7 (1 bar) C7 (2bars)
  4. 4. New Orleans JazzImprovisation is at the core of the jazzstyleStarted as a small ensemble genre (7 orless people) used marching brassbands as a model as well as conceptsbrought forth by orchestral ragtimeJazz made popular to mainstream byearly recordings and public events oftraveling bands (dances, variety shows)“King” Oliver (cornet), Sidney Bechet(soprano sax), “Jelly Roll” Morton(piano)1st great jazz improvisor andbandleaderLouis Armstrong (1901 -1971)
  5. 5. Big Band Era “SWING”4-5 saxophones 3-4 trombones,3-4 trumpets, rhythm sectionp/b/dr/ banjo (later guitar)social function - dancingpop music of the 1940‘sbandleaders: Tommy Dorsey,Glenn Miller, Benny Goodman,Cab Callaway, Count Basie1930’s-1940’s
  6. 6. Edward “Duke” Ellington๏ greatest bandleader andprolific jazz composer๏ over 2000 originalcompositions๏ great pianist๏ long time collaborator with BillyStrayhorn๏ Strayhorn’s Take the A Trainused a 32 bar A-A-B-A form1899-1974
  7. 7. BEBOP๏BOP developed in New York as a result of the economic hardtimes due to WWII and changing tastes in jazz๏Style dominated by instrumentalists, virtuoso improvisations,rapid-fire passages of notes, fast tempos. small groupsquartet/quintetsDizzy “Dizzy” Gillespie (trumpet), Charlie “Bird” Parker (altosax), Bud Powell (piano), Charles Mingus (bass), Max Roach(piano), Thelonious Monk (piano/composer)birth of modern jazz
  8. 8. Miles Davis1926-1991๏ Cool Jazz (late 40‘s - early 50’s) : subtle style, lush orchestrations andharmonies, melodic lines are smooth and use less accentsassociated with west coast (California)BIRTH OF THE COOL (’47) - Miles’ 1st recording as a bandleader๏ Hard Bop (mid-50‘s - 60‘s) evolution of Bebop into more organizedcompositionsWALKIN’ (1955) - First hard bop album๏ Modal Jazz: improvisation limited to simple scale formsKIND OF BLUE (1959) - First all modal album๏ Fusion: late 60‘s and 70’s adapted rock styles by incorporating electricinstruments and improvising over open chord structuresBITCHES BREW (1969) most successful early attempts at fusion.
  9. 9. Other Jazz Styles๏Free Jazz - Improvisation based on free interpretation of various scales.Ex: led by Ornette Coleman’s “pianoless” quartet๏Third Stream Jazz (coined by Gunther Schuller in 1957)incorporated elements of European tradition with American jazzimprovisations over complex orchestrated backgroundsEx: Modern Jazz Quartet๏Latin Jazz: Cuban music/rhythms/instruments mixed with jazz groupsEx: Dizzy Gillespie, Tito Puente, Stan Kenton๏Bossa Nova: Brazilian music that inspired and found an audience to America’sjazz audience in the 60’sEx: led by guitarist/singer/songwriter Antonio Carlos Jobim
  10. 10. Other Jazz Styles๏Free Jazz - Improvisation based on free interpretation of various scales.Ex: led by Ornette Coleman’s “pianoless” quartet๏Third Stream Jazz (coined by Gunther Schuller in 1957)incorporated elements of European tradition with American jazzimprovisations over complex orchestrated backgroundsEx: Modern Jazz Quartet๏Latin Jazz: Cuban music/rhythms/instruments mixed with jazz groupsEx: Dizzy Gillespie, Tito Puente, Stan Kenton๏Bossa Nova: Brazilian music that inspired and found an audience to America’sjazz audience in the 60’sEx: led by guitarist/singer/songwriter Antonio Carlos Jobim

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