20th c power point

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20th c power point

  1. 1. 20th century musical trendsRhythmic complexityUnbalanced difficult melodiesRicher Harmony - polychords &polyharmonyMore Chamber groupsTightly organized forms
  2. 2. 20th centuryEuropean stylesPost RomanticismImpressionismExpressionismNeo Classical
  3. 3. Post RomanticismAssociated with Germany, Italy, and AustriaContinued to write in Classical/Romantic genresLyrical melodies, deeply passionateMore exoticism and interest in fresh ideasCOMPOSERS: Strauss, Puccini, Mahler
  4. 4. ImpressionismBegan in Paris, France (late 19th c.)Artists: Monet, RenoirSymbolist Poets: Maillarmé, VerlaineMUSIC: Opposition to “German”RomanticismAbstract QualitiesCOMPOSERS: DebussyRavel
  5. 5. ImpressionismResponse to cultural awakening of the Paris WorldExhibition of 1889Inventive orchestration with new timbres“Transparent” melodiesEmbraced dissonance in harmonyAvoided tonal centersRhythm and meter are obscurredShort “lyric” formsEvocative titles
  6. 6. VideoDebussy’s “Prelude to the Afternoon of aFaun”
  7. 7. ExpressionismGerman Response to French ImpressionismDeeply emotionalExpanded harmony, melody, and instrumentalregistersHeavily reliant on formAssociated with 2nd Viennese SchoolCOMPOSERS: Schoenberg, Berg, Webern
  8. 8. VideoSchoenberg’s 12 tone method
  9. 9. Arnold Schoenberg(1874-1951)1910 - wrote Theory of Harmonyearly composer to atonal music - music that lacks a tonal center, or keyLeader of the Second Viennese School (with pupils and fellowcomposers Berg and Webern)totally chromatic expressionismserial twelve-tone musicHis Pierrot Lunaire - features:a melodic technique he called Klangfarbenmelodie (tone-colormelody) where each note of melody is played by a different instrument.A vocal melody called Sprechstimme (spoken voice) where the textsounds spoken with approximate shifts in pitch rather than exactpitches and rhythms.
  10. 10. Neo ClassicalART (18th-19th c.)MUSICAL (late 19th-20th c.)renewed interest in the music of Bach, Handel,and Vivaldi (BAROQUE)Absolute music preferredFocus on craftsmanship and balanceCOMPOSERS:Eric Satie (French) Paul Hindemith (German) Sergei Prokofiev (Russian)
  11. 11. Igor Stravinsky(1882-1971)born in Russia, later was naturalized in both France (1934) andAmerica (1945).First achieved fame with 3 ballets commissioned by SergeDiagilev and performed by his Ballets Russes (Russian Ballets)The Firebird (1910)Petrushka (1911)The Rite of Spring (1913)Musical style evolved:Nationalism (Firebird)Primitivism (Rite of Spring)ExoticismNeoclassic works in 1920sSerialism in 1950s
  12. 12. Stravinsky’s innovationsUse of polyrhythms, polytonalityExperiments with atonality and serial proceduresUnique and innovative use of dissonanceComplex rhythmic structuresodd time signatures, meters that change frequentlyImaginative orchestration - sometimes expandedorchestra to be largerUse of extremes in instrumental register

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