Body cavities and cells

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Body cavities and cells

  1. 1. Body Cavities and Cells Organisms are divided into 2 portionsOrganisms are divided into 2 portions AxialAxial AppendicularAppendicular all body cavities are in the axial portionall body cavities are in the axial portion
  2. 2. word roots to know periperi pleurapleura cardiocardio epiepi hypohypo chondrochondro gastrogastro cytcyt
  3. 3. Posterior/DorsalPosterior/Dorsal CranialCranial Vertebral/spinalVertebral/spinal Anterior/VentralAnterior/Ventral ThoracicThoracic PleuralPleural MediastinalMediastinal AbdominopelvicAbdominopelvic AbdominalAbdominal PelvicPelvic
  4. 4. Membranes ParietalParietal VisceralVisceral Parietal Pleura/Visceral PleuraParietal Pleura/Visceral Pleura Parietal Pericardium/Visceral PericardiumParietal Pericardium/Visceral Pericardium Parietal Peritoneum/Visceral PeritoneumParietal Peritoneum/Visceral Peritoneum function -function -
  5. 5. Regions of the Abdomen epigastricepigastric left and right hypochondriacleft and right hypochondriac umbilicalumbilical left and right lumbarleft and right lumbar hypogastrichypogastric left and right iliacleft and right iliac
  6. 6. Small cavities of the Head OralOral NasalNasal OrbitalOrbital AuralAural
  7. 7. Chemistry review atom/elementatom/element electrons, protons, neutronselectrons, protons, neutrons atomic numberatomic number atomic massatomic mass ionic bondsionic bonds covalent bondscovalent bonds moleculesmolecules compoundscompounds
  8. 8. molecular formulamolecular formula structural formulastructural formula synthesissynthesis decompositiondecomposition hydrolysishydrolysis group transfergroup transfer catalystcatalyst pH scalepH scale inorganicinorganic
  9. 9. Organic carbohydratescarbohydrates lipidslipids proteinsproteins nucleic acidsnucleic acids
  10. 10. Cells smallest living unitssmallest living units 75 trillion in a human body75 trillion in a human body shape is related to functionshape is related to function
  11. 11. Composite Cell NucleusNucleus enclosed by Nuclear Envelopeenclosed by Nuclear Envelope directs all activities of the celldirects all activities of the cell CytoplasmCytoplasm Cytosol - fluid/gel made of water, electrolytesCytosol - fluid/gel made of water, electrolytes and organic compounds.and organic compounds. Inclusions - Organelles and other insolubleInclusions - Organelles and other insoluble materialsmaterials
  12. 12. Organelles Endoplasmic ReticulumEndoplasmic Reticulum Rough ERRough ER Smooth ERSmooth ER Cisternae and VesiclesCisternae and Vesicles RibosomesRibosomes GolgiGolgi
  13. 13. Actual Rough ER
  14. 14. ER and Golgi showing function
  15. 15. MitochondriaMitochondria two layers of membranetwo layers of membrane CristaeCristae matrixmatrix has its own DNAhas its own DNA LysosomesLysosomes VacuolesVacuoles
  16. 16. CytoskeletonCytoskeleton microfilamentsmicrofilaments microtubulesmicrotubules CiliaCilia FlagellaFlagella CentriolesCentrioles
  17. 17. Nucleus Nuclear envelopeNuclear envelope NucleoplasmNucleoplasm NucleolusNucleolus ChromatinChromatin

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