Aviles, the Medieval Town


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Aviles, the Medieval Town

  1. 1. Avilés town map In 1155 Alfonso VII grants Avilés a Municipal Charter . As a result Avilés develops a lot and becomes the first coastal village in the North of Spain . Around the port, two independent population centres grow: The neighbourhood of Sabugo and the town of Avilés itself. They are separated by the Tuluergo river .
  2. 2. The village builds its wall in the XIIth century. It measured 800 metres and had five gates . Traders and sailors lived in Avilés. As a result of royal privileges, granted by the Municipal Charter, their products weren´t taxed between the sea and León. Avilés was granted the most important salt store in the North of Spain. This allowed the town and the port to grow enormously, because they imported, stored and redistributed salt,a very important product for preserving food in the Middle Ages. The Franciscan Church , as it is known nowadays, was the first church built in Avilés.
  3. 3. The neighbourhood of Sabugo, where fishermen and sailors lived, was probably surrounded by a wall too, although it was not very high. Old Sabugo Chuch was also built in that neighbourhood.
  4. 4. Model of the Franciscan Church, which reflects its original appearance. Romanesque main entrance Gothic side chapels Belfry Apse
  5. 5. The façade is really damaged because it is very close to the sea. The church building took several years, so we can see different styles in the chuch.
  6. 6. Corbels under the cornice Geometric decoration Capital decorated with animals Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden Romanesque main entrance Round arches
  7. 7. It is made of masonry stone One wall belfry Splayed window with round arches
  8. 8. Gothic side entrances Concentric pointed arches
  9. 9. The interior of the chuch Apse decorated with an altarpiece and paintings Vault Pedro Menéndez´s tomb Pedro Menéndez was an admiral and explorer who colonized Florida, where he founded St. Augustine, the first town in the USA
  10. 10. Los Alas Chapel The funeral chapel of Los Alas family can be found adjacent to the temple of the Franciscan Church. It has a square floor and thick stone masonry. Only the façade of the building is decorated : Family coat of arms. Main entrance
  11. 11. In the façade we can see a slightly pointed double archivolt arch. It leans on doorposts with four shafts decorated with human heads. Inner archivolts with winged figures Human head capitals
  12. 13. Thick walls made of masonry stone Ground plan of Sabugo Church Side Chapels Gothic door Buttresses to reinforce the walls Romanesque door Semicircular Apse Star-shaped vault Sailors’ bench Groin vault Barrel vault Rectangular ground plan
  13. 14. Semicircular apse Romanesque door Buttresses to reinforce the walls Sailors’ bench Romanesque window
  14. 15. Gothic door Belfry Buttresses to reinforce the walls Cornice decorations The original Romanesque windows were blocked in the XVII century. Then these new ones were opened.
  15. 16. Belfry Romanesque door Gothic door
  16. 17. Del Carbayo Square It is called this because a huge oak-tree stood here in the past. Nowadays this church is hardly ever used for religious events, but concerts and art exhibitions are often held in it.
  17. 18. Romanesque door With three archivolts Buttresses to reinforce the walls
  18. 19. Sailors’ bench
  19. 20. Romanesque door Round arches decorated with balls and spikes Capitals decorated with paired animal bodies with a single head and a beheaded human figure. Capitals decorated with plants
  20. 21. Gothic door Splayed door with four concentric pointed arches Capitals decorated with different topics: plants, animals and human heads
  21. 22. Gothic door: capitals
  22. 23. The inside of the church
  23. 54. I.E.S. RAMÓN MENÉNDEZ PIDAL CURSO 2010/11 Diseño y construcción de Papeleras
  24. 55. OBJETIVOS : <ul><li>-Análisis y realización del proceso de creación: idea, boceto, maqueta y construcción. </li></ul><ul><li>-Utilización de materiales reciclables (periódicos, hojalata, cartón, plásticos). </li></ul><ul><li>-Construcción de una estructura con alambre. </li></ul><ul><li>-Utilización de las mismas por el alumnado para mantener el Centro limpio. </li></ul><ul><li>-Transformación de un espacio mediante la ubicación de un volumen. </li></ul>
  25. 56. El trabajo comienza con una estructura de alambre acerado
  26. 58. A continuación se recubre la estructura con malla
  27. 65. El siguiente paso es el encolado de papel
  28. 71. Después se procede al acabado con pintura plástica y lacado final
  29. 78. Las bolsas aportadas por Cogersa van en el interior de las Papeleras
  31. 80. LA RANA
  32. 81. EL CANGURO
  33. 82. LA SERPIENTE
  34. 83. TOILET
  35. 84. EL REY
  36. 85. LATA
  37. 86. SAPO
  38. 87. MOUNSTRUO
  39. 88. CANASTA 1º PREMIO
  40. 89. AGRADECIMIENTOS: A la Comunidad Educativa del Centro que nos apoyó en nuestro Proyecto, y en especial al alumnado de la asignatura de Volumen de 1º de Bachillerato de Artes. Profesores: Isabel Flores y Enrique Tirador