Avilés town map In 1155 Alfonso VII grants Avilés a Municipal Charter . As a result Avilés develops a lot and becomes the first coastal village in the North of Spain . Around the port, two independent population centres grow: The neighbourhood of Sabugo and the town of Avilés itself. They are separated by the Tuluergo river .
The village builds its wall in the XIIth century. It measured 800 metres and had five gates . Traders and sailors lived in Avilés. As a result of royal privileges, granted by the Municipal Charter, their products weren´t taxed between the sea and León. Avilés was granted the most important salt store in the North of Spain. This allowed the town and the port to grow enormously, because they imported, stored and redistributed salt,a very important product for preserving food in the Middle Ages. The Franciscan Church , as it is known nowadays, was the first church built in Avilés.
The neighbourhood of Sabugo, where fishermen and sailors lived, was probably surrounded by a wall too, although it was not very high. Old Sabugo Chuch was also built in that neighbourhood.
Model of the Franciscan Church, which reflects its original appearance. Romanesque main entrance Gothic side chapels Belfry Apse
The façade is really damaged because it is very close to the sea. The church building took several years, so we can see different styles in the chuch.
Corbels under the cornice Geometric decoration Capital decorated with animals Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden Romanesque main entrance Round arches
It is made of masonry stone One wall belfry Splayed window with round arches
Gothic side entrances Concentric pointed arches
The interior of the chuch Apse decorated with an altarpiece and paintings Vault Pedro Menéndez´s tomb Pedro Menéndez was an admiral and explorer who colonized Florida, where he founded St. Augustine, the first town in the USA
Los Alas Chapel The funeral chapel of Los Alas family can be found adjacent to the temple of the Franciscan Church. It has a square floor and thick stone masonry. Only the façade of the building is decorated : Family coat of arms. Main entrance
In the façade we can see a slightly pointed double archivolt arch. It leans on doorposts with four shafts decorated with human heads. Inner archivolts with winged figures Human head capitals
Thick walls made of masonry stone Ground plan of Sabugo Church Side Chapels Gothic door Buttresses to reinforce the walls Romanesque door Semicircular Apse Star-shaped vault Sailors’ bench Groin vault Barrel vault Rectangular ground plan
Semicircular apse Romanesque door Buttresses to reinforce the walls Sailors’ bench Romanesque window
Gothic door Belfry Buttresses to reinforce the walls Cornice decorations The original Romanesque windows were blocked in the XVII century. Then these new ones were opened.
Del Carbayo Square It is called this because a huge oak-tree stood here in the past. Nowadays this church is hardly ever used for religious events, but concerts and art exhibitions are often held in it.
Romanesque door With three archivolts Buttresses to reinforce the walls
I.E.S. RAMÓN MENÉNDEZ PIDAL CURSO 2010/11 Diseño y construcción de Papeleras
OBJETIVOS : <ul><li>-Análisis y realización del proceso de creación: idea, boceto, maqueta y construcción. </li></ul><ul><li>-Utilización de materiales reciclables (periódicos, hojalata, cartón, plásticos). </li></ul><ul><li>-Construcción de una estructura con alambre. </li></ul><ul><li>-Utilización de las mismas por el alumnado para mantener el Centro limpio. </li></ul><ul><li>-Transformación de un espacio mediante la ubicación de un volumen. </li></ul>
El trabajo comienza con una estructura de alambre acerado
A continuación se recubre la estructura con malla
AGRADECIMIENTOS: A la Comunidad Educativa del Centro que nos apoyó en nuestro Proyecto, y en especial al alumnado de la asignatura de Volumen de 1º de Bachillerato de Artes. Profesores: Isabel Flores y Enrique Tirador