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Los orígenes de los Mandalas

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  • Excelente información, concreta, sencilla y con muy buena presentación... Graciasss...
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Los orígenes de los Mandalas

  1. 1. LOS MANDALAS
  2. 2. SIGNIFICADO DE LOS MANDALAS <ul><li>Mandala significa círculo en sánscrito. Esta palabra es también conocida como rueda y totalidad. Desde el punto de vista espiritual es un centro energético de equilibrio y purificación que ayuda a transformar el entorno y la mente. </li></ul>
  3. 3. ORÍGENES DEL MANDALA <ul><li>Utilizados desde tiempos remotos, tienen su origen en la India y se propagaron en las culturas orientales, en las indígenas de América y en los aborígenes de Australia. </li></ul>
  4. 4. EL CÍRCULO MEGALÍTICO DE STONEHENGE <ul><li>Stonehenge es probablemente el mejor y más conocido de esos observatorios prehistoricos de piedras en círculo. Fue construido en varias fases a lo largo de unos seiscientos años, entre 2200 y 1600 a. JC., y la mayoría de sus grandes piedras están colocadas en relacion con la Luna y el Sol, y no con las posiciones de las estrellas. </li></ul>
  5. 5. PIEDRA DE SOL O CALENDARIO INCA, AZTECA <ul><li>También llamada Calendario Azteca porque sus relieves son alusivos a los cultos solares y conocimientos astronómicos de los aztecas. La Piedra del Sol es, probablemente, el monolito más antiguo que se conserva de la cultura prehispánica, cuya fecha de construcción fue alrededor del año 1479. Los motivos escultóricos que cubren su superficie parecen ser un resumen de la compleja cosmogonía azteca. Este monumento está labrado en bajo relieve en un monolito basaltico. Tiene un diámetro de 3.60 metros y pesa 25 toneladas </li></ul>
  6. 6. EL SÍMBOLO CHINO DEL YING-YANG <ul><li>YING YANG: En la filosofía china, son dos grandes principios opuestos o fuerzas de las que todo depende. Yang es masculino, luz y positivo. Yin es femenino, oscuro y negativo. (Una muetra más de MACHISMO) </li></ul>
  7. 7. CREACIÓN DE UN MANDALA DE ARENA <ul><li>Mandala tibetano hecho por los monjes del monasterio de Drepung Loseling de la gira &quot;Las Artes Místicas del Tíbet&quot;. En esta ocasión, los monjes tibetanos hicieron el mandala del Buda Akshobya. Este mandala representa todos los estados del camino tántrico, así como también la iluminación. Se crea un mandala para eliminar todos los obstáculos en nuestro mundo y traer la paz. </li></ul>
  8. 8. COMIENZA LA CEREMONIA <ul><li>El mandala empieza con una ceremonia para consagrar el sitio en donde se instalará. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>El maestro espiritual del grupo y líder de la creación del mandala. Aquí está usando el vajra y la campana los cuales se utiliza normalmente en el canto tántrico. El vajra representa el método (el amor y la compasión), la campana sabiduría. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>El maestro del canto del grupo. Él empieza los cantos, los demás le siguen. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>En el budismo tibetano se utilizan varios instrumentos para invitar e invocar al Buda, a las deidades tántricas y los bodhisattvas: la trompeta, el tambor, la trompa, clarinete y los platillos. </li></ul>                                                                   
  12. 12. <ul><li>El baile tántrico “Sombrero Negro”: se baila para eliminar los obstáculos que suceden durante la creación del mandala. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Antes de crear el mandala se trazan las líneas guía. </li></ul><ul><li>Al terminar se limpian las líneas y se ve la forma del mandala. </li></ul>                                                                 
  14. 14. <ul><li>La arena de colores se coloca mediante unos tubo que se raspan para que fluya. Siempre se empieza en el centro del mandala. </li></ul><ul><li>Los monjes trabajando en la creación del mandala. Ya está casi listo </li></ul>
  15. 15. DETALLE DE LA CREACIÓN DE UN MANDALA POR LOS MONGES BUDISTAS
  16. 16. <ul><li>El mandala terminado. Se deja en exhibición algunos días. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Según enseñó Buda, “nada existe, ni siquiera </li></ul><ul><li>los dioses”, por eso los mandalas una vez </li></ul><ul><li>acabados se destruyen, para significar lo </li></ul><ul><li>efímero de todas las cosas. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Empiezan los cantos de la ceremonia de desmantelación. </li></ul><ul><li>La ceremonia es la representación de la impermanencia, por lo que el mandala es destruido. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Después de la ceremonia, algunas veces, una parte de la arena se reparte entre la gente para que les proteja y para eliminar los obstáculos. </li></ul><ul><li>Y la otra mitad de la arena se tira en un río o al mar para beneficiar a toda la gente. </li></ul>
  20. 20. LOS MANDALAS EN LA CULTURA OCCIDENTAL <ul><li>En la cultura occidental, fue Carl G. Jung, quien los utilizó en terapias con el objetivo de alcanzar la búsqueda de individualidad en los seres humanos. </li></ul><ul><li>Jung solía interpretar sus sueños dibujando un mandala diariamente, en esta actividad descubrió la relación que éstos tenían con su centro y a partir de allí elaboró una teoría sobre la estructura de la psique humana. </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Según Carl Jung, los mandalas representan la totalidad de la mente, abarcando tanto el consciente como el inconsciente. </li></ul>
  22. 22. DEJAD VOLAR VUESTRA IMAGINACIÓN Y EXPRESAR VUESTROS SENTIMIENTOS A TRAVÉS DEL RICO MUNDO DE LOS MANDALAS

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