Work of Congress   For use with section 6.3                              1
I. QUALIFICATIONS &              PRIVILEGESA. Qualifications          1. Senator                       2. Representative ...
I. QUALIFICATIONS &             PRIVILEGESB. Privileges   1. Salary      $165,000 / year  2. Other Privileges     profes...
I. QUALIFICATIONS &             PRIVILEGESC. Helpers   1. Personal Staff      gather information on bills and issues     ...
I. QUALIFICATIONS &            PRIVILEGESC. Helpers   3. Support Services      a) Library of Congress (LOC)        holds ...
I. QUALIFICATIONS &            PRIVILEGESC. Helpers   4. Finance & Budget      a) General Accounting Office (GAO)        ...
II. CONGRESS AT WORK the basic job of Congress members is to get action  done on constituents’ interests and concerns me...
II. CONGRESS AT WORKA. Lawmaking    write and introduce bills    take part in committee work    listen to input from pe...
II. CONGRESS AT WORKB. Casework  help individual constituents deal with the federal    government  1. Why bother with cas...
II. CONGRESS AT WORKC. Helping the District or State   members of Congress try to bring money and jobs to their     distr...
II. CONGRESS AT WORKC. Helping the District or State   2. Grants and Contracts      a) Grants       a grant is money give...
II. CONGRESS AT WORKC. Helping the District or State   2. Grants and Contracts      b) Contracts       a contract is an a...
II. CONGRESS AT WORKC. Helping the District or State   2. Grants and Contracts      c)    “Pork-Barrel” Projects       a ...
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Work of Congress (6.3)

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Overview of the work of Congress, including the support staff.

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Work of Congress (6.3)

  1. 1. Work of Congress For use with section 6.3 1
  2. 2. I. QUALIFICATIONS & PRIVILEGESA. Qualifications 1. Senator 2. Representative Age:  Age:  30  25 Residence:  Residence:  state you plan to represent  state you plan to represent Citizenship:  Citizenship:  current US Citizen for at least  current US Citizen for at least 9 years seven years 2
  3. 3. I. QUALIFICATIONS & PRIVILEGESB. Privileges 1. Salary  $165,000 / year 2. Other Privileges  professional immunity in certain situations to exercise speech and expression in order to make clear their point without outside interference (rule of law still applies)  free parking, trips to their home states  franking privilege  low-cost life insurance  gym, special restaurants, medical clinic 3
  4. 4. I. QUALIFICATIONS & PRIVILEGESC. Helpers 1. Personal Staff  gather information on bills and issues  handle requests from voters  deal with news reporters and lobbyists 2. Committee Staff  handle the day-to-day lawmaking duties of Congress, such as…  draft bills  gather information  organized committee hearings  negotiate with lobbyists 4
  5. 5. I. QUALIFICATIONS & PRIVILEGESC. Helpers 3. Support Services a) Library of Congress (LOC)  holds copies of EVERY book published in the United States  is a valuable source of information for lawmakers when drafting bills and learning about issues 5
  6. 6. I. QUALIFICATIONS & PRIVILEGESC. Helpers 4. Finance & Budget a) General Accounting Office (GAO)  investigative arm of Congress in financial issues  reviews spending activities of federal agencies  studies federal programs  recommends way to improve financial performance of government b) Congressional Budget Office (CBO)  source of financial and economic information to Congress members for making budgetary decisions  helps Congress stick to a budget plan 6
  7. 7. II. CONGRESS AT WORK the basic job of Congress members is to get action done on constituents’ interests and concerns members of Congress can be considered linkage institutions 7
  8. 8. II. CONGRESS AT WORKA. Lawmaking  write and introduce bills  take part in committee work  listen to input from people about the bill  vote on the bill  See section 6.4 “How a Bill Becomes a Law” 8
  9. 9. II. CONGRESS AT WORKB. Casework  help individual constituents deal with the federal government 1. Why bother with casework?  helps to get reelected  can better keep an eye on the executive branch ability to carry out the laws and programs  to help average citizens 9
  10. 10. II. CONGRESS AT WORKC. Helping the District or State  members of Congress try to bring money and jobs to their district or state 1. Public Works  building projects paid for by the government  creates a new service to the area  building projects bring new jobs to the area 10
  11. 11. II. CONGRESS AT WORKC. Helping the District or State 2. Grants and Contracts a) Grants  a grant is money given to a district or state for a specific purpose, it does not have to be paid back  grants bring federal money into the state which will be used to help benefit the people in the state  the money usually goes towards things that not just benefit the district or state but the nation 11
  12. 12. II. CONGRESS AT WORKC. Helping the District or State 2. Grants and Contracts b) Contracts  a contract is an agreement by government with a company for the production of some good or service  contracts ensure money to a company (or companies) for a period of time thus producing jobs  the goods or services produced usually produce the nation 12
  13. 13. II. CONGRESS AT WORKC. Helping the District or State 2. Grants and Contracts c) “Pork-Barrel” Projects  a grants or contracts that primarily benefit the home district or state  members of Congress try to add pork- barrel projects to bills in order to bring more money into their state in order to gain favor with their constituents  added favor will mean more votes come election day or services produced usually produce the nation 13

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