The Birth of the Republican Party


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Brief presentation on the origin of the Republican Party, the "Party of Lincoln." For use with The Americans, section 10.3

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The Birth of the Republican Party

  1. 1. Section 10.3
  2. 2.  Know-Nothing Party (aka American Party)  started a group that favored nativism or native-born Americans over immigrants and would deny anything about their activities  they were middle-class Protestants dismayed at the number immigrants and Catholics  they were also split over the issue of slavery so could not get a candidate elected  those in the South looked toward the Whig Party and those in the North to the Republican Party
  3. 3.  Liberty Party  started off very small in 1840s but were able to throw the election in 1844 to Democratic Polk and not Whig Clay  Their purpose was to pursue the cause of abolition by passing new laws
  4. 4.  Free-Soil Party  opposed the extension of slavery and nominated President Van Buren  they tended to support laws prohibiting black settlement in their communities and denying them the right to vote  did not like the impact of slaves on the rights of white workers
  5. 5.  Republican Party  1854 unhappy Northern Whigs, antislavery Democrats and Free-Soilers met to form the Republican Party  their main competition would be the Know-Nothing Party  some were conservative with wanting to put Missouri Compromise back on the table while others were abolitionists but they could agree:  They opposed the KansasNebraska Act  Did not want slaves in new territories
  6. 6.  1856 election the Republicans nominated John Fremont who had fought in the Mexican-American War and mapped the Oregon Trail  the Know-Nothings split their vote between Fremont and President Fillmore  the Democrats nominated James Buchanan who won
  7. 7. Presidential Election of 1856 Candidate Party Popular Vote Electoral Vote James Buchanan Democrat 45% 174 John C. Fremont Republican 33% 114 Millard Fillmore Know-Nothing 22% 8 Study the information in the table that lists the percentage of popular vote and number of electoral votes received by candidates in the presidential election of 1856. 1. Create a pie chart that reflects those percentages 2. Create a pie chart that reflects the result of the Electoral Vote 3. What conclusion can you make comparing the popular vote with the electoral vote?