Copernicus In On the Revolutionsof the HeavenlySpheres he proposeda heliocentric modelof the universe.
Brahe Provided evidencethat supportedCopernicus’ theory. Set up anastronomicalobservatory whereevery night for yearshe recorded dataabout the movementof heavenly bodies.
Kepler Used Brahe’s data tocalculate the orbits ofthe planets revolvingaround the sun. His studies supportedCopernicus’ theorybut had the orbitsdescribed the orbitsas elliptical, notcircular.
Galileo Was tried before theInquisition becausehis ideas of movingheavenly bodies, suchas moons revolvingaround Jupiter whichhe observed throughhis telescope,contradicted theChurch’s teachingsthat the heavens werefixed, unmoving, andperfect. He would reluctantlyrecant his claims.
Bacon Rejected long heldmethods and ideas ofscientific study byarguing that a longprocess ofinvestigation wasnecessary to discoverthe truth. Stressedexperimentation andobservation.
Descartes Rejected long heldmethods and ideas ofscientific study byarguing that a longprocess ofinvestigation wasnecessary to discoverthe truth. Stressed humanreasoning.
Vesalius His On the Structureof the Human Bodywas the first accurateand detailed study ofthe human anatomy.
Paré Developed a newmore effectiveointment forpreventing infectionas well as a techniquefor closing woundswith stitches.
Harvey Was the first todescribe the heart asa pump that was thecenter of the humancirculatory system.
van Leeuwenhoek Perfected themicroscope and wasthe first to see cellsand microorganisms.
Newton PublishedMathematicalPrinciples of NaturalPhilosophy explainingthe law of gravity andother forces in theuniverse. Outlined uniform lawsthat could bemeasured anddescribedmathematically.
Newton’s Laws of Motion1. A body in motion willremain in motionunless acted upon byan outside force. (Lawof Inertia)2. Acceleration isproduced when aforce acts on a mass.The greater the massof the object thegreater the amount offorce needed3. For every action thereis an equal and