Scientific Revolution

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PowerPoint that gives basic information about inventors and innovators during the Renaissance period in Europe.

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Scientific Revolution

  1. 1. For use with Section 13.5Scientific Revolution
  2. 2. Copernicus In On the Revolutionsof the HeavenlySpheres he proposeda heliocentric modelof the universe.
  3. 3. Brahe Provided evidencethat supportedCopernicus’ theory. Set up anastronomicalobservatory whereevery night for yearshe recorded dataabout the movementof heavenly bodies.
  4. 4. Kepler Used Brahe’s data tocalculate the orbits ofthe planets revolvingaround the sun. His studies supportedCopernicus’ theorybut had the orbitsdescribed the orbitsas elliptical, notcircular.
  5. 5. Galileo Was tried before theInquisition becausehis ideas of movingheavenly bodies, suchas moons revolvingaround Jupiter whichhe observed throughhis telescope,contradicted theChurch’s teachingsthat the heavens werefixed, unmoving, andperfect. He would reluctantlyrecant his claims.
  6. 6. Bacon Rejected long heldmethods and ideas ofscientific study byarguing that a longprocess ofinvestigation wasnecessary to discoverthe truth. Stressedexperimentation andobservation.
  7. 7. Descartes Rejected long heldmethods and ideas ofscientific study byarguing that a longprocess ofinvestigation wasnecessary to discoverthe truth. Stressed humanreasoning.
  8. 8. Vesalius His On the Structureof the Human Bodywas the first accurateand detailed study ofthe human anatomy.
  9. 9. Paré Developed a newmore effectiveointment forpreventing infectionas well as a techniquefor closing woundswith stitches.
  10. 10. Harvey Was the first todescribe the heart asa pump that was thecenter of the humancirculatory system.
  11. 11. van Leeuwenhoek Perfected themicroscope and wasthe first to see cellsand microorganisms.
  12. 12. Newton PublishedMathematicalPrinciples of NaturalPhilosophy explainingthe law of gravity andother forces in theuniverse. Outlined uniform lawsthat could bemeasured anddescribedmathematically.
  13. 13. Newton’s Laws of Motion1. A body in motion willremain in motionunless acted upon byan outside force. (Lawof Inertia)2. Acceleration isproduced when aforce acts on a mass.The greater the massof the object thegreater the amount offorce needed3. For every action thereis an equal and

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