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Reformation Math


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Addition of new sects of Christianity, the Division of the Church, the Subtraction of groups of protestants... Math terms keep popping up, so why not?

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Reformation Math

  1. 1. Reformation Math
  2. 2. A. Protestantism Martin Luther’s 95 Theses
  3. 3. Martin Luther’s 95 Theses + Gutenberg Printing Press Faster Spread of Protestant Ideas A. Protestantism
  4. 4. Kings’ and Princes’ desire for more power + Middle Class desire for less church taxes Search for new ways to decrease Papal Authority A. Protestantism
  5. 5. A. Protestantism + = Faster Spread of Protestant Ideas Search for new ways to decrease Papal Authority New Christian Denominations (# of Christian Denominations multiplies)
  6. 6. HOLY CATHOLIC CHURCH Modern Eastern Orthodox Church Orthodox Church RomanCatholic Church Modern Roman Catholic Church Church of England Quakers Episcopal Methodists Pentecostal Modern Methodist African Methodist Episcopal ReformedChurches Anabaptist Baptist Amish Mennonite Presbyterian Presbyterian USA Presbyterian in the USA Presbyterian USA Lutheran Modern Lutheran DutchReformed Christian Church Church of Christ Disciples of Christ Reformed Church in America Congregationalist GermanSwiss Reformed United Church of Christ Unitarians Partial lineage of the major Christian Churches of the 20th century The Great Schism The Reformation A. Protestantism • Partial lineage of the major Christian Churches of the 20th century • adapted from U.S. News & World Report, March 4, 1991
  7. 7. B. Nationalism 1. Division a) Germany – princes used religious followings for political means – Catholic and Protestant lands fought against each other i. PEACE OF AUGSBURG • each prince has the right to determine the faith of their lands
  8. 8. B. Nationalism 2. Multiplication a) England (English Reformation) – King Henry VIII wanted to annul his marriage, Pope says “no” – Henry VIII forms his own Church (Anglican Church, a.k.a. the Church of England) and annuls his own marriage
  9. 9. B. Nationalism • England’s monarchs change back and forth between Protestant and Catholic which results in much violence and bloodshed – leaves England divided
  10. 10. B. Nationalism 3. Subtraction a) France – predominantly Catholic – Huguenots (French Calvinists) are attacked and killed (more than 12,000 in one month) St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre (August 24, 1572)
  11. 11. B. Nationalism b) Spain (Spanish Crusade, Reconquista) – devoutly Catholic – uses the Inquisition to eliminate heretics, Jews, and Muslims (Spanish Crusade)
  12. 12. C. Catholic Reformation (Council of Trent) 1) Jesuit Order of priests formed (followers of Ignatius of Loyola) – missionaries to teach and convert 2) Argued that both clergy and the Bible are equally legitimate sources of God’s Word
  13. 13. C. Catholic Reformation (Council of Trent) 3) True indulgences are “OK” 4) Faith AND Good works are necessary for salvation 5) Created “Index of Forbidden Books” 6) Used the inquisition to “weed out” heretics