Impact of Exploration

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Global impact of European contact with the rest of the world.

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Impact of Exploration

  1. 1. Impact of Exploration
  2. 2. Main Idea #1: Mercantilism sparked newideas in economics.What Is Mercantilism? Economic theory that a country should sell moregoods to other countries than it buys
  3. 3. Main Idea #1: Mercantilism sparked newideas in economics. 5 Parts to Mercantilism1. Try to get possession of as many precious metals asyou can.2. Encourage foreign trade in preference to domestic trade(export more).3. Encourage those industries which change raw materialsinto exportable finished products.4. Encourage a large population, for you will needworkmen for your factories and an agriculturalcommunity does not raise enough workmen.5. Let the State (the government) watch this process andinterfere ONLY when it is necessary to do so.
  4. 4. Main Idea #1: Mercantilism sparked newideas in economics. The Underlying AssumptionMore Money More Armies Rule the World
  5. 5. Main Idea #1: Mercantilism sparked newideas in economics. Role of Colonies colonies existed to benefit the mother country source of resources market for manufactured goods strict laws were frequently passed by the mother countryto ensure that no one was cheating them out of money foreign trade was often prohibited
  6. 6. Main Idea #1: Mercantilism sparked newideas in economics. Role of Colonies resources are exported form the colonies to the mothercountry in the mother country the resources are converted intofinished products finished products can be sold to the colonies or tradedwith other empires/nations
  7. 7. Main Idea #1: Mercantilism sparked newideas in economics. New Production Methods: “Putting-out System” also known as “cottage industry” was a way for manufacturers to get around the highercosts of using guilds raw materials were given to a peasant who used their skillto convert it to an intermediate good intermediate goods are bought back from the peasant andmay be given to another peasant who will add the nextstep in the process this is bought back from the peasant sent off to the finalstep(s) and finally sold as a finished good
  8. 8. Main Idea #1: Mercantilism sparked newideas in economics. Capitalism economic system where businesses and the factors ofproduction are owned privately (not by the government) entrepreneurs organized the components of productiontogether in order to efficiently make finished goods capitalists were motivated to take risks in businessbecause of the potential for large profits
  9. 9. Main Idea #2: New production in methods inthe colonies had a large impact on peoplearound the world. Encomienda System encomienda is the right to demand labor or tribute fromthe Native Americans conquistadors forced Native Americans to work in minesand plantations under brutal conditions, those whoresisted were hunted down and killed disease, and starvation led to serious declines in theNative American populations as the demand for labor increased, Africans wereimported as slave labor
  10. 10. Main Idea #2: New production in methods inthe colonies had a large impact on peoplearound the world. Plantations plantations facilitatedthe organizedsystematic large scalefarming to produce cashcrops most popular weresugar cane and tobacco to fill the labor demandfor the large scalefarming, the Spanishbegan importing slavesform Africa
  11. 11. Main Idea #3: The need for large amounts oflabor on plantations impacted people inAfrica Triangular Trade trade network between European nation, West Coast ofAfrica, and the American colonies inexpensive goods are shipped from European nation totrading posts on the West Coast of Africa. traders on the West Coast would provide African slaves,raw materials, such as ivory, animal hides, and timber inexchange for the inexpensive goods slaves would be sold in the colonies where raw materialsare purchased and sent back to European country
  12. 12. Main Idea #3: The need for large amounts oflabor on plantations impacted people inAfrica Triangular Trade
  13. 13. Main Idea #3: The need for large amounts oflabor on plantations impacted people inAfrica Middle Passage the second leg of the triangular trade (from Africa to theAmericas) has been called the “Middle Passage” on the Middle Passage, slaves were packed below deckson shelves for the nearly the entire journey (except for thebrief times when they were brought above decks to get“exercise” and to clean out the cargo hold below)
  14. 14. Main Idea #3: The need for large amounts oflabor on plantations impacted people inAfrica Middle Passage
  15. 15. Main Idea #3: The need for large amounts oflabor on plantations impacted people inAfrica Middle Passage slaves would take care of all manner of bodily functionsthere on the shelves easily passing illnesses, often timeswith fatal results those who did not survive the journey were simply thrownoverboard
  16. 16. Main Idea #3: The need for large amounts oflabor on plantations impacted people inAfrica New Slave States in Africa the great demand for slave labor and the desire to escapeslavery themselves led to the development of a fewkingdoms in Africa that existed solely to provide slaves toEuropeans these kingdoms would attack and conquer neighboringkingdoms and sell any captives as slaves to Europeantraders
  17. 17. Main Idea #3: The need for large amounts oflabor on plantations impacted people inAfrica New Slave States in Africa by providing slaves they became a valuable part of theslave trade and were thereby protected because of theservice they provided slave trade kingdoms: Asante Kingdom, Oyo Empire
  18. 18. Main Idea #3: The need for large amounts oflabor on plantations impacted people inAfrica Resistance Movements some African leaders stood up to oppose the slave traderecognizing the disastrous impact it was having on thevarious peoples and economies throughout Africa. the system was too strong to be resisted however asprofits and survival drove Africans to be involved in theslave trade voices against slavery: Affonso I of Kongo, the almany ofFuta Toro
  19. 19. Main Idea #4: European exploration had avast impact on the world. Native Americans Native American populations were decimated by diseaseand warfare (not just with Europeans but with each otherresulting from the chaos created by the Europeans) the surviving populations benefitted from the “ColumbianExchange” – vast exchange of foods, goods, and culturebetween 4 continents new food sources supplemented nutrients in the NativeAmerican diet which, over time, allowed for thepopulations to rebound
  20. 20. Main Idea #4: European exploration had avast impact on the world. Africans Depopulation in West Africa Increased tribal warfare Insecurity and fear Economic disruption and decay Loss of Trans-Saharan trade Racism
  21. 21. Main Idea #4: European exploration had avast impact on the world. Europeans populations in Europe grew due to new food sources andtypes providing more complete diets millions of Europeans would resettle in the new world

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