Ancient Egyptian Culture


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Describes how geography impacted religion in ancient Egypt which in turn impacted other aspects of Egyptian Culture.

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Ancient Egyptian Culture

  1. 1. EGYPTIANCULTUREimpact of religion
  2. 2. IMPACT OF GEOGRAPHY What role does the environment play on ancient religions?• the first organized religions sought to provide answers the mysteries of the world• the forces of nature, from rain and sunshine to drought, earth quakes and sandstorms, were all the doing of the gods
  3. 3. GOVERNMENT What status does the pharaoh hold?• pharaoh is a god-king (considered to be the god Horus, protector of Egypt)• priests are important viziers (advisors) because of the need to always know the needs and desires of the gods
  4. 4. ART What themes are shown in • murals depict religious tales and themes, or Egyptian art? historical events • art is used as a reminder of important values and morals
  5. 5. ARCHITECTURE  To what was most architecture dedicated?• pyramids, temples, monuments are built out of stone to help provide immortality for the one who it is dedicated to• many of the largest buildings were dedicated to gods
  6. 6. SCIENCE • some study of biology and anatomy were necessary to perform What fields of science would mummification the Egyptians have needed to • astronomy was necessary to plot the stars and planets in order to know the accomplish their architectural “will of the gods” feats and religious ceremonies? • some mathematics and physics were necessary in the creation of the pyramids and other temples
  7. 7. WRITING  What is the sacred writing of the Egyptians?• the formal Egyptian hieroglyphics served as more than a writing system, the symbols themselves had power• Egyptians believed that as long as a name, event, or idea continued to exist, at least in writing, that the person, event, or idea would also continue to exist
  8. 8. SOCIETY  How was social rank, especially toward the top, organized? • a social hierarchy was created based on the importance of an individual’s task in society • the most important people in society were involved in religious affairs, from the pharaoh at the top, followed by high priests, and then lesser priests and priestesses