Introduction to the passive voice ii

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Introduction to the passive voice ii

  1. 1. The Passive Voice
  2. 2. Voice Active / Passive The subject does something The boss hired a new secretary Something happens to the subject A new secretary was hired by the boss
  3. 3. The Passive Voice: Form A passive sentence consists of:     The subject. The verb to be in the correct tense. The past participle of the verb needed. Sometimes, the agent and/or other complements. Subject + The workers + verb “to be” + Past participle + were (+…) fired Attention!! •The agent shows who performed the action. •It is introduced by means of the the preposition BY. For example: Subject My sister + + verb “to be” was + Past participle + Agent + + by the new manager hired
  4. 4. The Passive Voice: Uses We use the passive voice when::  we want to emphasize the action more than the subject performing it, because the action is more important. Example: More and more computers are sold every day.  the subject performing the action is obvious or unknown. Example: The thief was arrested two hours ago.  we want to avoid an active sentence whose subject is “somebody”, “nobody”, “someone” etc. Example: The bank was robbed.
  5. 5. An active sentence can become a passive sentence A passive sentence can become an active sentence
  6. 6. An active sentence can become a passive sentence A passive sentence can become an active sentence Active: The secretary sent the letters
  7. 7. An active sentence can become a passive sentence A passive sentence can become an active sentence Active: The secretary Passive: The letters sent were the letters sent by the secretary
  8. 8. An active sentence can become a passive sentence A passive sentence can become an active sentence Active: The secretary Passive: The letters sent were the letters sent by the secretary
  9. 9. An active sentence can become a passive sentence A passive sentence can become an active sentence Active: The secretary Passive: The letters sent were the letters sent by the secretary
  10. 10. An active sentence can become a passive sentence A passive sentence can become an active sentence Active: The secretary Passive: The letters sent were the letters sent by the secretary
  11. 11. An active sentence can become a passive sentence A passive sentence can become an active sentence Active: The secretary Passive: The letters sent were the letters sent by the secretary
  12. 12. An active sentence can become a passive sentence A passive sentence can become an active sentence Active: The secretary Passive: The letters sent were the letters sent by the secretary
  13. 13. An active sentence can become a passive sentence A passive sentence can become an active sentence Active: The secretary Passive: The letters But!!! sent were the letters sent by the secretary Sometimes, there are two possibilities, when the verb has two objects (direct/ indirect)… a prize to the best workers The manager gave the best workers a prize
  14. 14. An active sentence can become a passive sentence A passive sentence can become an active sentence When the verb in the active sentence has two objects, we can make two different passive sentences: • Active sentence The manager gave a prize to the best workers the best workers a prize •Passive sentence -A prize was given to the best workers by the manager -The best workers were given a prize by the manager
  15. 15. Active/ Passive verb tenses Tense Active Passive Present simple The company hires new workers every year. New workers are hired by the company every year. Present Continuous The company is hiring new workers now New workers are being hired by the company. Past Simple The company hired new workers last year. New workers were hired by the company last year. Past Continuous The company was hiring new workers yesterday. New workers were being hired by the company yesterday. Presente perfect simple The company has hired new workers. New workers have been hired by the company. Future simple The company will hire new workers. New workers will be hired by the company Past perfect simple The company had hired new workers. New workers had been hired by the company. Modals The company can hire new workers. New workers can be hired by the company. Modal perfects The company must have hired new workers. New workers must have been hired by the company.
  16. 16. The End

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