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Why the Many are Smarter than the Few
Applications and Aspirations of Crowdsourcing for Education
Image: https://pixabay.c...
Simply defined, crowdsourcing represents the act
of a company or institution taking a function once
performed by employees...
Crowdsourcing is not new
Hossain & Kauranen (2015)
1884: Oxford English
Dictionary uses 800
contributors to
catalogue word...
Estellés-Arolas and González-
Ladrón-de-Guevara (2012)
40 definitions: 8 attributes common to any crowdsourcing
initiative...
Crowdsourcing in Education - why?
- access to a potentially global range and diversity of locations,
opinions and problem-...
http://project252.donenda.com
@proj252
#proj252
Case Study 1
26 X 2 = 52
26 Letters, 52 Weeks, 1 Year
Irish Times: 14 April 2015 (http://www.irishtimes.com/news/education/our-top-50-education-apps-1.2170272)
Open Participation
@proj252
Regular updates (new letter, last day,
milestones (100, 500, etc.)
Automated tweets when new submission
approved ...
677
Contributions
96
Contributors
(+ 29 anonymous)
26
Mean / Letter
69627
contribution views
(4th Jan 2016)
137012
contribution views
(16th Oct 2016)
111+
countries
Open to All
Usage Keywords
Open Tagging
Open Across Education Levels
http://project252.donenda.com
Case Study 2
http://studentsuccess.ie
@FLSuccess
The aim of the Student Success Toolbox is to support transitions from thinking
about study to the first weeks to increase ...
Tool 7
Study Tips
for Me
Formally launched September 2016
33 Study Tips and growing
Crowdsourcing:
What have we learned?
- enables access to a diverse range of contributions and
a wide geographical base
- t...
“The demonstrable advantage
of such open approaches to
data gathering for specific
projects is leading to this being
an in...
Thank You!
Go raibh maith
agaibh!
Why the Many are Smarter than the Few: Applications and Aspirations of Crowdsourcing for Education
Why the Many are Smarter than the Few: Applications and Aspirations of Crowdsourcing for Education
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Why the Many are Smarter than the Few: Applications and Aspirations of Crowdsourcing for Education

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Presentation at The Online, Open and Flexible Higher Education Conference, Universita Telematica, Rome, Italy, 20th October.

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Why the Many are Smarter than the Few: Applications and Aspirations of Crowdsourcing for Education

  1. 1. Why the Many are Smarter than the Few Applications and Aspirations of Crowdsourcing for Education Image: https://pixabay.com/en/grandstand-toys-males-child-330930/ (CC0) Dr. Enda Donlon Prof. Mark Brown Dr. Eamon Costello
  2. 2. Simply defined, crowdsourcing represents the act of a company or institution taking a function once performed by employees and outsourcing it to an undefined (and generally large) network of people in the form of an open call. This can take the form of peer-production (when the job is performed collaboratively), but is also often undertaken by sole individuals. The crucial prerequisite is the use of the open call format and the large network of potential laborers. Jeff Howe, 2006, http://crowdsourcing.typepad.com/cs/2006/06/cro wdsourcing_a.html Crowdsourcing “Simply defined, crowdsourcing represents the act of a company or institution taking a function once performed by employees and outsourcing it to an undefined (and generally large) network of people in the form of an open call [...] The crucial prerequisite is the use of the open call format and the large network of potential laborers.” - Jeff Howe, 2006 http://crowdsourcing.typepad.com/cs/2006/06/crowdsourcing_a.html Image: Joi Ito https://www.flickr.com/photos/joi/15785885631 (CC BY 2.0)
  3. 3. Crowdsourcing is not new Hossain & Kauranen (2015) 1884: Oxford English Dictionary uses 800 contributors to catalogue words 1936: Kiichiro Toyoda crowdsources logo for car company (27,000 submissions) Image: https://pixabay.com/en/audience-crowd-people-persons-828584 (CCO)
  4. 4. Estellés-Arolas and González- Ladrón-de-Guevara (2012) 40 definitions: 8 attributes common to any crowdsourcing initiative 1. the crowd 2. the task at hand 3. the recompense obtained 4. the crowdsourcer or initiator of the crowdsourcing activity 5. what is obtained by them following the crowdsourcing activity 6. the type of process 7. the call to participate 8. the medium Image: https://pixabay.com/en/people-crowd-concert-show-691777 (CCO)
  5. 5. Crowdsourcing in Education - why? - access to a potentially global range and diversity of locations, opinions and problem-solving options; provides a means of voicing opinions that otherwise would not be shared; brings together communities of interest and concern (Paulin & Haythornthwaite, 2016) - assimilate many small contributions into resources of high quality (Cornelli & Mikroyannidis, 2012) - offers new ways of envisioning student involvement in the classroom (c/f students as producers) (Hills, 2015) - dissemination, negotiation and evaluation of scholarship (Veletsianos, 2013). Image: https://pixabay.com/en/mass-people-supporters-1355493 (CC0)
  6. 6. http://project252.donenda.com @proj252 #proj252 Case Study 1
  7. 7. 26 X 2 = 52 26 Letters, 52 Weeks, 1 Year
  8. 8. Irish Times: 14 April 2015 (http://www.irishtimes.com/news/education/our-top-50-education-apps-1.2170272)
  9. 9. Open Participation
  10. 10. @proj252 Regular updates (new letter, last day, milestones (100, 500, etc.) Automated tweets when new submission approved - automatically tagged with #proj252, #edchatie, #edchat, #ukedchat, #aussieed Open Attribution
  11. 11. 677 Contributions 96 Contributors (+ 29 anonymous) 26 Mean / Letter
  12. 12. 69627 contribution views (4th Jan 2016) 137012 contribution views (16th Oct 2016) 111+ countries Open to All
  13. 13. Usage Keywords Open Tagging
  14. 14. Open Across Education Levels
  15. 15. http://project252.donenda.com
  16. 16. Case Study 2 http://studentsuccess.ie @FLSuccess
  17. 17. The aim of the Student Success Toolbox is to support transitions from thinking about study to the first weeks to increase retention and completion rates particularly for flexible learners (undergraduate adult, part-time and online/distance students).
  18. 18. Tool 7 Study Tips for Me
  19. 19. Formally launched September 2016 33 Study Tips and growing
  20. 20. Crowdsourcing: What have we learned? - enables access to a diverse range of contributions and a wide geographical base - the effectiveness of web-based technologies and in particular social networking tools and platforms in facilitating the collation and dissemination of contributions - the whole is greater than the sum of its parts - Peer review and quality assurance Image: https://pixabay.com/en/fireworks-pyrotechnics-crowd-people-918892/ (CC0)
  21. 21. “The demonstrable advantage of such open approaches to data gathering for specific projects is leading to this being an increasingly popular methodology. The problem for such projects is in gaining sufficient contributions, and knowing how to promote this and generate appropriate levels of interest will become a relevant research skill…” Crowdsourcing and Openness - next? Martin Weller, The Digital Scholar, 2011, p. 61 Image: http://blog.edtechie.net/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/MEOUWCARD-52.jpg
  22. 22. Thank You! Go raibh maith agaibh!

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