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The Scary Monsters of Ed Tech: Future Proof or Future Shock?

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Invited keynote presentation at EuroCALL 2018, Jyväskylän, Finland, 24th August 2018.

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The Scary Monsters of Ed Tech: Future Proof or Future Shock?

  1. 1. Photo by Daniel Jensen on Unsplash The Scary Monsters of Ed Tech: Future Proof or Future Shock? Professor Mark Brown Dublin City University Jyvaskyla, Finland 25th August 2018
  2. 2. 1. Monster predictions 2. Revealing the monsters 3. Reimaging monstrous futures Outline….
  3. 3. Photo by Daniel Jensen on Unsplash
  4. 4. Photo by Daniel Jensen on Unsplash
  5. 5. Photo by Daniel Jensen on Unsplash “All generalizations are dangerous, even this one” (Alexandre Dumas)
  6. 6. 1. Monster predictions
  7. 7. “With the coming of the New Media, the need for print on paper will rapidly diminish. The day will soon arrive when the world’s literature will be available from The Automatic Library at the mere pressing of a button” (Uzanne, 1994; cited in McFarlane, 1997, p.173).
  8. 8. (Uzanne, 1894; cited in McFarlane, 1997, p.173). “With the coming of the New Media, the need for print on paper will rapidly diminish. The day will soon arrive when the world’s literature will be available from The Automatic Library at the mere pressing of a button”
  9. 9. “I believe that the motion picture is destined to revolutionize our educational system and that in a few years it will supplant largely, if not entirely, the use of textbooks,” (Thomas Edison, 1922)
  10. 10. “We will undoubtedly have lectures of every conceivable kind presented to us right in our homes, when practical television arrives, possibly a year or two off.” Short Wave Craft, 1935
  11. 11. Project Plato 1960s
  12. 12. Cuban, L. (1986). Teachers and machines: The classroom use of technology since 1920. New York: Teachers’ College Press. Subsided Enthusiasm Growing Support Bold Predictions Technology Expectation Cycle (1986)
  13. 13. Teachers’ mindsets play a key role in shaping the future
  14. 14. Social Determinism Technocratic Nightmare Technocratic Dream Technological Determinism Techno-centric Perspective Human-centric Perspective Demon Perspective Libertarian Perspective Critics
  15. 15. Learning by sharing (Connectivist) “Learning by listening” (Instructionist) Learning by doing (Constructivist) Learning by making (Constructionist) Pedagogical Compass
  16. 16. Learning by sharing (Connectivist) “Teaching by telling” (Instructionist) Learning by doing (Constructivist) Learning by making (Constructionist) Pedagogical Compass
  17. 17. “Technology-enhanced learning involves an ongoing cycle of hype, hope and disappointment” (Gouseti, 2010).
  18. 18. Gartner Hype Cycle
  19. 19. “Resilience requires adaptation and evolution to new environmental conditions, but retains core identity” (Weller & Anderson, 2013, p.55).
  20. 20. Off-campus in Class Off-campus out of Class On-campus in Class Formal On-campus out of Class Physical Virtual Digital Leakage Informal
  21. 21. 2. Revealing the monsters
  22. 22. Photo by Daniel Jensen on Unsplash
  23. 23. “UK MOOC snatches world record for sign-ups. UK quality beating US $$?”
  24. 24. May 2018
  25. 25. Different interest groups and stakeholders are borrowing the same ‘languages of persuasion’ to legitimize very different agenda
  26. 26. http://hackeducation.com
  27. 27. “It is theory that decides what we can observe”
  28. 28. Knowledge Economy TWO MAJOR WORLDVIEWS COMPETING DIGITAL FUTURES • Threat • Unbundling • Re-imagination Crisis • Disruption • Democratization •
  29. 29. “And we’ve got to bring on the competition — open the schoolhouse doors and let parents choose the best school for their children. Education reformers call this school choice, charter schools, vouchers, even opportunity scholarships. I call it competition — the American way.” Donald Trump, in his book “The America We Deserve”
  30. 30. Knowledge Economy TWO MAJOR WORLDVIEWS Knowledge Society COMPETING DIGITAL FUTURES • Threat • Unbundling • Re-imagination Crisis • Disruption • Democratization •
  31. 31. “Education has a crucial role to play in laying the foundations of a society that is more inclusive, participatory and equal...” The President said “…the role of the university in enabling citizens to develop the tools to address the great challenges of our time – global poverty, climate change and sustainability – was vital.
  32. 32. Knowledge Economy • Threat • Unbundling • Re-imagination Crisis • Disruption • Democratization • TWO MAJOR WORLDVIEWS Knowledge Society COMPETING DIGITAL FUTURES • Democratic • Opening access • Micro credentials • Personalized learning • Competencies • Entrepreneurship • Technology as progress • Increased market competition • Just society • Lifelong learning • Pillars of learning • Education for citizenry • Sifting agent • Human capital • Social cohension • Cultural heritage ReconceptualizingDeschooling ReschoolingReproducing
  33. 33. Education in Change Education for Change Navigating Through Entangled Narratives
  34. 34. 3. Reimaging monstrous futures
  35. 35. Photo by Daniel Jensen on Unsplash
  36. 36. What types of education futures do we want CALL to serve?
  37. 37. Critical Consumers Critical Citizens RECONCEPTUALIST FRAMEWORK (Delors Report, 1972) LEARNING TO BE LEARNING TO KNOW LEARNING TO DO LEARNING TO LIVE TOGETHER Critical Thinkers
  38. 38. Critical Consumers Critical Citizens (Delors Report, 1972) LEARNING TO BE LEARNING TO KNOW LEARNING TO DO LEARNING TO LIVE TOGETHER Critical Thinkers
  39. 39. http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/bitstream/JRC101 254/jrc101254_digcomp%202.0%20the%20digital%20competen ce%20framework%20for%20citizens.%20update%20phase%20 1.pdf
  40. 40. http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/bitstream/JRC101 254/jrc101254_digcomp%202.0%20the%20digital%20competen ce%20framework%20for%20citizens.%20update%20phase%20 1.pdf
  41. 41. 2017 Carretero, S., Vuorikari, R., & Punie, Y. (2017). Available from http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repo sitory/bitstream/JRC106281/web- digcomp2.1pdf_(online).pdf
  42. 42. https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/sites/jrcsh/files /DIGCOMP-FINAL- %20UPDATED%2002-06-2016.pdf
  43. 43. https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/sites/jrcsh/files /DIGCOMP-FINAL- %20UPDATED%2002-06-2016.pdf
  44. 44. • Who is telling the story? • What is the story they are telling? • What story isn’t being told? • What’s missing from the story? Future-proofing…
  45. 45. ‘You can’t just take something off the shelf and expect it to work just because it looks good’ (Belshaw, 2017)
  46. 46. Photo by Daniel Jensen on Unsplash Final remarks…
  47. 47. Photo by Daniel Jensen on Unsplash Final remarks… • Risks of future-proofing • Not on independent trajectory • Promote citizenry for better futures
  48. 48. Photo by Daniel Jensen on Unsplash
  49. 49. Go raibh maith agaibh! Thank you
  50. 50. “A prudent question is one-half of wisdom” Francis Bacon

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