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Power of the Crowd: The Promise and Potential of Crowdsourcing for Education

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Paper at ASCILITE 2016: International Conference on Innovation, Practice and Research in the Use of Educational Technologies in Tertiary Education, Adelaide, 30th November, 2016.

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Power of the Crowd: The Promise and Potential of Crowdsourcing for Education

  1. 1. Image: https://pixabay.com/en/grandstand-toys-males-child-330930/ (CC0) Dr. Enda Donlon, Prof. Mark Brown & Dr. Eamon Costello Power of the Crowd: The Promise and Potential of Crowdsourcing for Education Adelaide, Australia 30th November 2016
  2. 2. Dublin City University… • 16,500 FTE students • 1400 FTE staff • DCU Connected • 5 Faculties - Science & Health - DCU Business School - Engineering & Computing - Humanities & Social Sciences - DCU Institute of Education
  3. 3. Simply defined, crowdsourcing represents the act of a company or institution taking a function once performed by employees and outsourcing it to an undefined (and generally large) network of people in the form of an open call. This can take the form of peer-production (when the job is performed collaboratively), but is also often undertaken by sole individuals. The crucial prerequisite is the use of the open call format and the large network of potential laborers. Jeff Howe, 2006, http://crowdsourcing.typepad.com/cs/2006/06/cro wdsourcing_a.html Crowdsourcing “Simply defined, crowdsourcing represents the act of a company or institution taking a function once performed by employees and outsourcing it to an undefined (and generally large) network of people in the form of an open call [...] The crucial prerequisite is the use of the open call format and the large network of potential laborers.” - Jeff Howe, 2006 http://crowdsourcing.typepad.com/cs/2006/06/crowdsourcing_a.html Image: Joi Ito https://www.flickr.com/photos/joi/15785885631 (CC BY 2.0)
  4. 4. Crowdsourcing is not new Hossain & Kauranen (2015) 1884: Oxford English Dictionary uses 800 contributors to catalogue words 1936: Kiichiro Toyoda crowdsources logo for car company (27,000 submissions) Image: https://pixabay.com/en/audience-crowd-people-persons-828584 (CCO)
  5. 5. Estellés-Arolas and González- Ladrón-de-Guevara (2012) 40 definitions: 8 attributes common to any crowdsourcing initiative 1. the crowd 2. the task at hand 3. the recompense obtained 4. the crowdsourcer or initiator of the crowdsourcing activity 5. what is obtained by them following the crowdsourcing activity 6. the type of process 7. the call to participate 8. the medium Image: https://pixabay.com/en/people-crowd-concert-show-691777 (CCO)
  6. 6. Crowdsourcing in Education - why? - access to a potentially global range and diversity of locations, opinions and problem-solving options; provides a means of voicing opinions that otherwise would not be shared; brings together communities of interest and concern (Paulin & Haythornthwaite, 2016) - assimilate many small contributions into resources of high quality (Cornelli & Mikroyannidis, 2012) - offers new ways of envisioning student involvement in the classroom (c/f students as producers) (Hills, 2015) - dissemination, negotiation and evaluation of scholarship (Veletsianos, 2013). Image: https://pixabay.com/en/mass-people-supporters-1355493 (CC0)
  7. 7. http://project252.donenda.com @proj252 #proj252 Case Study 1
  8. 8. 26 X 2 = 52 26 Letters, 52 Weeks, 1 Year
  9. 9. Irish Times: 14 April 2015 (http://www.irishtimes.com/news/education/our-top-50-education-apps-1.2170272)
  10. 10. Open Participation
  11. 11. @proj252 Regular updates (new letter, last day, milestones (100, 500, etc.) Automated tweets when new submission approved - automatically tagged with #proj252, #edchatie, #edchat, #ukedchat, #aussieed Open Attribution
  12. 12. 677 Contributions 96 Contributors (+ 29 anonymous) 26 Mean / Letter
  13. 13. 69627 contribution views (4th Jan 2016) 137012 contribution views (16th Oct 2016) 111+ countries Open to All
  14. 14. Usage Keywords Open Tagging
  15. 15. Open Across Education Levels
  16. 16. http://project252.donenda.com
  17. 17. Case Study 2 http://studentsuccess.ie @FLSuccess
  18. 18. The aim of the Student Success Toolbox is to support transitions from thinking about study to the first weeks to increase retention and completion rates particularly for flexible learners (undergraduate adult, part-time and online/distance students).
  19. 19. Tool 7 Study Tips for Me
  20. 20. Formally launched September 2016 33 Study Tips and growing
  21. 21. Crowdsourcing: What have we learned? - Enables access to a diverse range of contributions and a wide geographical base - Social networking tools and web-based platforms can enhance the collation and dissemination of contributions - The whole is greater than the sum of its parts - Peer review and quality assurance remains a challenge Image: https://pixabay.com/en/fireworks-pyrotechnics-crowd-people-918892/ (CC0)
  22. 22. Crowdsourcing and Openness - Next? Inamorato dos Santos, A., Punie, Y., Castaño-Muñoz, J. (2916) Opening up education– a support framework for higher education institutions. JRC, European Commission
  23. 23. Go raibh maith agaibh!

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