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Images of Openness: A Kaleidoscope of Competing Discourses

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Presentation at OER16: Open Cultures, Edinburgh, 20th April 2016.

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Images of Openness: A Kaleidoscope of Competing Discourses

  1. 1. Images of Openness: A Kaleidoscope of Competing Discourses Mark BROWN, Eamon COSTELLO, Enda DONLON & Mairéad NIC GIOLLA MHICHÍL Edinburgh 20th April, 2016
  2. 2. Outline 1. Closed realities 2. Openness in the media 3. Competing images of persuasion Images of Openness: A Kaleidoscope of Competing Discourses
  3. 3. Key message… A colour palette of conflicting political forces are imbued in the ‘Openness’ movement
  4. 4. http://www.portlandpresspublishing.com/content/wenner-gren-international-series-volume-88 Read more… 2016
  5. 5. 1. Closed realities
  6. 6. 1. Closed realities
  7. 7. World Bank Group. (2016). Digital dividends: World development report. Washington: A World Bank Group Flagship Report. 1. Closed realities Less than 50% online
  8. 8. “Despite huge advancements in technology over the last 50 years, the wealth gap between developed and developing countries has more than doubled” (John Pilger, 2002). 1. Closed realities
  9. 9. 2015 - 35 million learners 2014 - 18 million learners http://www.onlinecoursereport.com/state-of-the-mooc-2016-a-year-of-massive-landscape-change-for-massive-open-online-courses/ 1. Closed realities
  10. 10. 2. Openness in the media
  11. 11. 2. Openness in the media
  12. 12. • Who is telling the MOOC story and why? • How are they telling the MOOC story? • What are we being told about MOOCs? • What is missing from the MOOC story? • Whose voice is not being heard? Guiding questions… 2. Openness in the media
  13. 13. Total of 77 publications – by 1st July 2015 Discourse Analysis 2. Openness in the media
  14. 14. Elite 73% Non Elite 21% NA 6% 2. Openness in the media 2012 2013 2014 2015 Total Number of stories 1 24 39 11 (33) 77 Institutional Status
  15. 15. 3. Competing images of persuasion
  16. 16. 3. Competing images of persuasion (1990, p.ix) 1998 2013
  17. 17. http://www.ubiquitypress.com Professor Martin Weller 3. Competing images of persuasion
  18. 18. 3. Competing images of persuasion http://audreywatters.com
  19. 19. “It is theory that decides what we can observe…” Albert Einstein 3. Competing images of persuasion
  20. 20. 3. Competing images of persuasion
  21. 21. • Openness • Digital learning • Anytime, anywhere learning Knowledge Society TWO MAJOR PRIMARY COLOURS E-learning • Online learning • Technology-enhanced learning • Knowledge Economy 3. Competing images of persuasion
  22. 22. “Frankly, all the computers and software and Internet connections in the world won’t do much good if young people don’t understand that access to new technology means… access to the new economy” (President Bill Clinton; cited in Cuban, 2001, p.18). 3. Competing Modernization Drivers
  23. 23. “Higher education has a crucial role to play in laying the foundations of a society that is more inclusive, participatory and equal...” The President said “…the role of the university in enabling citizens to develop the tools to address the great challenges of our time – global poverty, climate change and sustainability – was vital. 3. Competing images of persuasion
  24. 24. A type of double vision is required to better understand and harness the competing images of persuasion 3. Competing images of persuasion
  25. 25. • Openness • Digital learning • Anytime, anywhere learning ReschoolingReproducing • MOOCs • Learning for all • Global curriculum • Education in change • Mass education • Quality standards • Education as commodity • Increased market competition E-learning • Online learning • Technology-enhanced learning • Knowledge Economy 3. Competing images of persuasion Knowledge Society TWO MAJOR PRIMARY COLOURS
  26. 26. 3. Competing images of persuasion
  27. 27. 3. Competing images of persuasion
  28. 28. 3. Competing images of persuasion
  29. 29. 3. Competing images of persuasion "This is a major opportunity for the Irish economy to become involved with a company that employs 300,000 people worldwide and has a turnover of $15bn.”
  30. 30. 3. Competing images of persuasion “As Chandra told the heads of the Universities and IOTs in Dublin this week, we are talking about building an entire economy based on Irish education. These are wise words from a man whose company's exports are worth more to the Indian economy than their total oil imports.” "This is a major opportunity for the Irish economy to become involved with a company that employs 300,000 people worldwide and has a turnover of $15bn.”
  31. 31. • Openness • Digital learning • Anytime, anywhere learning Deschooling ReschoolingReproducing • MOOCs • Learning for all • Global curriculum • Education in change • Mass education • Quality standards • Education as commodity • Increased market competition • Disruption • Democracy • Decentralization • Unbundling learning E-learning • Online learning • Technology-enhanced learning • Knowledge Economy 3. Competing images of persuasion… Knowledge Society TWO MAJOR PRIMARY COLOURS
  32. 32. #moocposium2015 3. Competing images of persuasion… Not truly Deschooling
  33. 33. 3. Competing images of persuasion… http://oeru.org A missing voice
  34. 34. “Supports the libertarianism of the wired” (Brown, 2016, p.38) Deschooling is problematic… 3. Competing images of persuasion
  35. 35. Reconceptualising • Openness • Digital learning • Anytime, anywhere learning Deschooling ReschoolingReproducing • MOOCs • Learning for all • Global curriculum • Education in change • Equity • Just society • Pillars of learning • Sustainable development • Mass education • Quality standards • Education as commodity • Increased market competition E-learning • Online learning • Technology-enhanced learning • Knowledge Society Knowledge Economy MAJOR COMPETING LENSES 3. Competing images of persuasion • Disruption • Democracy • Decentralization • Unbundling learning
  36. 36. 3. Competing images of persuasion
  37. 37. Executive Summary March 2015 3. Competing images of persuasion
  38. 38. Executive Summary March 2015 3. Competing images of persuasion
  39. 39. Recommendation 6. “National funding frameworks should create incentives… for higher education institutions to open up education, to develop more flexible modes of delivery and to diversify their student population.” 3. Competing images of persuasion
  40. 40. 2.7% Structural Barriers to Openness 3. Competing images of persuasion
  41. 41. Conclusion
  42. 42. In sum… • State of the actual • Not on an independent trajectory • The best images draw on many colours Conclusion
  43. 43. “Openness should be in the service of big ideas, not as a big idea in itself” (adapted from Barnett, 2011). Conclusion
  44. 44. Go raibh maith agaibh!
  45. 45. “A prudent question is one-half of wisdom” Francis Bacon http://www.slideshare.net/mbrownz mark.brown@dcu.ie @mbrownz
  46. 46. National Institute for Digital Learning • DCU Connected • Teaching Enhancement • Digital Learning Research

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