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Developing 21st Century Skills: The (Unrealised) Potential of the

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Presentation at EADTU Conference, Aarhus, Denmark, 11th October, 2018

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Developing 21st Century Skills: The (Unrealised) Potential of the

  1. 1. Developing 21st CenturySkills: The(Unrealised)Potentialofthe LearningPortfolio Mark Brown Darina Scully Michael O’Leary 11th October, 2018 Aarhus, Denmark
  2. 2. Question… Mark Brown Darina Scully Michael O’Leary 11th October, 2018 Aarhus, Denmark Who has experience of implementing eportfolios in higher education?
  3. 3. Why are we using ePortfolios in higher education?  Align with social constructivist and metacognitive theories of learning  Contribute to the development of a lifelong learning ethos  Facilitate development of cross-curricular (21st Century) skills and attributes  Recognise value of co- curriculum supported by evidence… e = Learning Portfolio
  4. 4. Mark Brown Darina Scully Michael O’Leary 11th October, 2018 Aarhus, Denmark https://www.dcu.ie/sites/default/files/carpe/eportfolio_report.pdf
  5. 5. Mark Brown Darina Scully Michael O’Leary 11th October, 2018 Aarhus, Denmark https://www.dcu.ie/sites/default/files/carpe/eportfolio_report.pdf
  6. 6. https://www.dcu.ie/sites/default/files/carpe/el_portafolio_de_aprendizaje.pdf Mark Brown Darina Scully Michael O’Leary 11th October, 2018 Aarhus, Denmark
  7. 7. Mark Brown Darina Scully Michael O’Leary 11th October, 2018 Aarhus, Denmark
  8. 8. Whyacritical synthesisofthe literature?
  9. 9. No. journal articles/research reports per year, returned from an ERIC search using the terms “learning portfolio” or “eportfolio” or “e-portfolio*” and the limiter “Higher Education” Whyacritical synthesisofthe literature?
  10. 10. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/03/21st-century-skills-future-jobs-students/ Whyacritical synthesisofthe literature?
  11. 11. Risk of Meaningless Badges Whyacritical synthesisofthe literature?
  12. 12. 10k+ learners Whyacritical synthesisofthe literature?
  13. 13. Whyacritical synthesisofthe literature?
  14. 14. Whyacritical synthesisofthe literature?
  15. 15. Whyacritical synthesisofthe literature?
  16. 16. http://www.theijep.com/ Whyacritical synthesisofthe literature?
  17. 17. 1.What does the literature tell us about the effectiveness of ePortfolios? 2. Are more and more HEIs using ePortfolios because we are seeing the benefits of their use? 3. Are we confident that ePortfolios are making a real and sustainable difference? Our framing questions
  18. 18. Key themes emerging (2010+) 1.What does the literature tell us about the effectiveness of ePortfolios? 2. Are more and more HEIs using ePortfolios because we are seeing the benefits of their use? 3. Are we confident that they are making a real difference?
  19. 19. 1.What does the literature tell us about the effectiveness of ePortfolios? 2. Are more and more HEIs using ePortfolios because we are seeing the benefits of their use? 3. Are we confident that they are making a real difference? Yes = Quick summary No = Discussion
  20. 20. 1. Robust empirical evidence of effectiveness is sparse Percentage of ePortfolio research articles classified as technological, descriptive, empirical (affective) & empirical (outcomes), according to Bryant & Chittum (2013)
  21. 21. “increased my desire to learn” “helped me evaluate my own progress” Bolliger & Shepherd (2010) “provided insight into the developmental nature of becoming a professional” Wakimoto & Lewis (2014) 1. Robust empirical evidence of effectiveness is sparse
  22. 22. “As the ePortfolio discipline has matured and as new people join, there is a need to move beyond case studies and anecdotal stories towards more rigorous methodologies and data across individuals as well as institutions and perhaps over time” (Rhodes, Chen,Watson & Garrison, 2014) 1. Robust empirical evidence of effectiveness is sparse
  23. 23. Success data don’t inform us about the conditions or mechanisms through which Learning Portfolios might lead to student success “What does it take for Learning Portfolio to make a real difference?” 1. Robust empirical evidence of effectiveness is sparse
  24. 24. 2.Successful outcomes depend on effective implementation
  25. 25. ‘You can’t just take something off the shelf and expect it to work just because it looks good’ [or not!] (Belshaw, 2017) 2.Successful outcomes depend on effective implementation
  26. 26. Learning is most evident in courses whereby the purpose of the learning portfolio is made explicit and whereby the curriculum design and learning activities capitalize on the tool’s capabilities to support constructivist learning and social pedagogy Lewis (2017) 2.Successful outcomes depend on effective implementation
  27. 27. Context is crucial Focus to the process Avoiding techno-centric thinking “Why am I asking you to develop an eportfolio?” “How and why might you apply these skills in learning, life and society?” 2.Successful outcomes depend on effective implementation
  28. 28. (Perkins &Salomon,1992) 3.Unresolved issues and emerging developments “Metacognitive awareness and self-regulatory activity has its root in social interactions with others” (Reeve & Brown, 1985, p.347).
  29. 29. (Perkins &Salomon,1992) 3.Unresolved issues and emerging developments
  30. 30. Ownership PLEs Currency 3.Unresolved issues and emerging developments
  31. 31. “Shifting the focus from learning to badge- collecting?” (Buchem, 2016, p.349) 3.Unresolved issues and emerging developments
  32. 32. “There is evidence that e-portfolio implementation can be like a game of snakes and ladders, where initial rapid progress can suffer major setbacks due to a poor understanding of the nature of e-portfolios” -Joyes, Gray & Hartnell-Young, 2010 Conclusion1.Robustempirical evidence is sparse 2.Successfuloutcomes depend oneffective implementation 3.Unresolved issues and emergingdevelopmebts Like agameof… “Snakes &Ladders”
  33. 33. 1.Robustempirical evidence is sparse 2.Successfuloutcomes depend oneffective implementation 3.Unresolved issues and emergingdevelopmebts Like agameof… “Snakes &Ladders”
  34. 34. 1.Robustempirical evidence is sparse 2.Successfuloutcomes depend oneffective implementation 3.Unresolved issues and emergingdevelopmebts Like agameof… “Snakes &Ladders” “A prudent question is one-half of wisdom” Francis Bacon
  35. 35. 2019 Conference Dublin

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