Professor Mark Brown
Director, National Centre for Teaching and Learning
Designing a Quality Culture
for Blended Learning
...
Liberalism
Perspective
Techno-centric
Perspective
Human-centric
Perspective
Demon
Perspective
Technocratic Dream
Technolog...
Reconceptualist
Knowledge Society
Knowledge Economy
Deschooling
Reschooling Reproduction
• Being glocal
• Digital citizens...
What do you see?
What do you see?
What do you see?
Pop quiz...
Pop quiz...
1. If the answer is 6, what is the question?
Pop quiz...
The current number of women Cabinet Ministers
in the New Zealand Government?
Pop quiz...
2. Who is this person?
Pop quiz...
Pop quiz...
Jimmy Spithill
Pop quiz...
3. What is happening in this picture?
Pop quiz...
This wasn‟t a mistake…
It was showing the world who is the dog and who is the lamp post!
Pop quiz...
Outline…
1. A messy construct
2. Competing quality metaphors
3. Tools for designing a quality culture
Standards are important…
Keep in mind…
…but they are not a proxy for quality.
“Not everything that can be counted
counts, not everything that counts can be
counted”
Albert Einstein
Keep in mind…
1. A messy construct
1. A messy construct
“At its simplest, blended learning is the
integration of classroom face-to-face
learning experiences ...
Blended learning is not new - 1935
1. A messy construct
“. . . an opportunity to fundamentally
redesign how we approach teaching and
learning in ways that higher education
instit...
Places
Tools
Learner-Content
Interaction
Learner-learner
Interaction
Spaces
Teacher-Learner
Interaction
1. A messy constru...
Learning by sharing
(Connectivist)
Learning by listening
(Instructionist)
Learning by doing
(Constructivist)
Learning by m...
Off Campus
in Class
Off Campus
out of Class
A Blended Learning Ecology
On Campus
in Class
Acquisition
Participation
Synchr...
“Because no two students have the same needs and no two
teachers arrive at their best performance in the same way,
theoret...
1. A messy construct
Weak sense of blending…
(Wappett, 2013)
1. A messy construct
Strong sense of blending…
(Wappett, 2013)
The inconvenient truth is…
1. A messy construct
Blended learning has become a popular construct as it
means different things to different people…
The inconvenient truth i...
Arguably the concept has done little to
disrupt theold normal and is
infectedby the future-focused language
of educationin...
2. Competing quality
metaphors
Three different metaphors…
2. Competing quality
metaphors
Quality is Standardized
(a) Mass production metaphor…
2. Competing quality
metaphors
(b) Boutique craft metaphor…
Quality is Unique
2. Competing quality
metaphors
High Quality Milk
Quality depends on the raw ingredients…
2. Competing quality
metaphors
Quality is not to Everyone‟s Taste
And…
2. Competing quality
metaphors
Who defines quality?
… and for what purpose?
2. Competing quality
metaphors
(c)Personal ethos metaphor…
Quality is a Relative Concept
2. Competing quality
metaphors
• Contestable
• Multi-layered
• Context bound
• Discipline specific
• Is a moving target
• Involves an X factor
In sum…
2....
2. Competing quality
metaphors
Video
3. Tools for designing a
quality culture
institution individual
clear standardscreative flair
externally imposed requirements internally owned commitments
central ...
3. Tools for designing a
quality culture
3. Tools for designing a
quality culture
3. Tools for designing a
quality culture
3. Tools for designing a
quality culture
3. Tools for designing a
quality culture
http://peerreview.massey.ac.nz
Deane & Krause, 2012
3. Tools for designing a
quality culture
• Understanding teachers matter most
• Winning the hearts and minds of people
• Promoting a high level of professional tru...
Help teachers learn how to make their
own uniqueice cream that students can truly savor!
3. Tools for designing a
quality ...
Conclusion…
A conclusion is the place
where you got tired of thinking
Conclusion…
Conclusion…
Blended learning can be transformative; but…
Conclusion…
…blended learning might end up looking like this!
Without the right vision and culture…
“A prudent question is one-half of wisdom.”
Francis Bacon
http://www.slideshare.net/mbrownz/
Questions…
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Designing a Quality Culture for Blended Learning

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Presentation at the 2nd Annual Blended Learning Summit, Sydney, 18th September, 2013,

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Designing a Quality Culture for Blended Learning

  1. 1. Professor Mark Brown Director, National Centre for Teaching and Learning Designing a Quality Culture for Blended Learning 18th September, 2013 Sydney
  2. 2. Liberalism Perspective Techno-centric Perspective Human-centric Perspective Demon Perspective Technocratic Dream Technological Determinism Social Determinism Technocratic Nightmare Critics A contested terrain… (Adapted from Bigum, 1998)
  3. 3. Reconceptualist Knowledge Society Knowledge Economy Deschooling Reschooling Reproduction • Being glocal • Digital citizenship • Socially just society • Education for change • xMOOCs • New pedagogies • Global curriculum • Education in change • Mass education • Universal standards • Education as a commodity • Increased market competition Competing discourses of the digital landscape… • PLE • cMOOCs • Un-curriculum • Life-long learning • Online learning • Blended learning • Anytime, anywhere learning E-learning • Distance education • Technology-enhanced learning • Different interest groups and stakeholders borrow the same „language of persuasion‟to legitimize their own hegemonic agenda Disruption
  4. 4. What do you see?
  5. 5. What do you see?
  6. 6. What do you see?
  7. 7. Pop quiz...
  8. 8. Pop quiz... 1. If the answer is 6, what is the question?
  9. 9. Pop quiz... The current number of women Cabinet Ministers in the New Zealand Government?
  10. 10. Pop quiz... 2. Who is this person?
  11. 11. Pop quiz...
  12. 12. Pop quiz... Jimmy Spithill
  13. 13. Pop quiz... 3. What is happening in this picture?
  14. 14. Pop quiz...
  15. 15. This wasn‟t a mistake… It was showing the world who is the dog and who is the lamp post! Pop quiz...
  16. 16. Outline… 1. A messy construct 2. Competing quality metaphors 3. Tools for designing a quality culture
  17. 17. Standards are important… Keep in mind… …but they are not a proxy for quality.
  18. 18. “Not everything that can be counted counts, not everything that counts can be counted” Albert Einstein Keep in mind…
  19. 19. 1. A messy construct
  20. 20. 1. A messy construct “At its simplest, blended learning is the integration of classroom face-to-face learning experiences with online learning experiences” (Garrison &Kanuka, 2004, p.96).
  21. 21. Blended learning is not new - 1935 1. A messy construct
  22. 22. “. . . an opportunity to fundamentally redesign how we approach teaching and learning in ways that higher education institutions may benefit from increased effectiveness, convenience and efficiency” (Vaughan, 2012). 1. A messy construct Blended learning is…
  23. 23. Places Tools Learner-Content Interaction Learner-learner Interaction Spaces Teacher-Learner Interaction 1. A messy construct Blending with Purpose
  24. 24. Learning by sharing (Connectivist) Learning by listening (Instructionist) Learning by doing (Constructivist) Learning by making (Constructionist) Still has a role even in flipped classrooms 1. A messy construct (Brown, 2010)
  25. 25. Off Campus in Class Off Campus out of Class A Blended Learning Ecology On Campus in Class Acquisition Participation Synchronous Asynchronous On Campus out of Class 1. A messy construct
  26. 26. “Because no two students have the same needs and no two teachers arrive at their best performance in the same way, theoretical exclusivity and didactic single- mindednesscan be trusted to make even the best educational ideas fail”. (Sfard, 1998, p.11) 1. A messy construct Adaptive blends…
  27. 27. 1. A messy construct Weak sense of blending… (Wappett, 2013)
  28. 28. 1. A messy construct Strong sense of blending… (Wappett, 2013)
  29. 29. The inconvenient truth is… 1. A messy construct
  30. 30. Blended learning has become a popular construct as it means different things to different people… The inconvenient truth is… 1. A messy construct
  31. 31. Arguably the concept has done little to disrupt theold normal and is infectedby the future-focused language of educationinchange. The inconvenient truth is… 1. A messy construct Blended learning has become a popular construct as it means different things to different people…
  32. 32. 2. Competing quality metaphors
  33. 33. Three different metaphors… 2. Competing quality metaphors
  34. 34. Quality is Standardized (a) Mass production metaphor… 2. Competing quality metaphors
  35. 35. (b) Boutique craft metaphor… Quality is Unique 2. Competing quality metaphors
  36. 36. High Quality Milk Quality depends on the raw ingredients… 2. Competing quality metaphors
  37. 37. Quality is not to Everyone‟s Taste And… 2. Competing quality metaphors
  38. 38. Who defines quality? … and for what purpose? 2. Competing quality metaphors
  39. 39. (c)Personal ethos metaphor… Quality is a Relative Concept 2. Competing quality metaphors
  40. 40. • Contestable • Multi-layered • Context bound • Discipline specific • Is a moving target • Involves an X factor In sum… 2. Competing quality metaphors
  41. 41. 2. Competing quality metaphors Video
  42. 42. 3. Tools for designing a quality culture
  43. 43. institution individual clear standardscreative flair externally imposed requirements internally owned commitments central quality police local professional responsibility quality compliance quality culture Key Tensions… 3. Tools for designing a quality culture
  44. 44. 3. Tools for designing a quality culture
  45. 45. 3. Tools for designing a quality culture
  46. 46. 3. Tools for designing a quality culture
  47. 47. 3. Tools for designing a quality culture
  48. 48. 3. Tools for designing a quality culture http://peerreview.massey.ac.nz
  49. 49. Deane & Krause, 2012 3. Tools for designing a quality culture
  50. 50. • Understanding teachers matter most • Winning the hearts and minds of people • Promoting a high level of professional trust • Giving responsibility for quality back toteachers • Building distributed leadership at the unit and program level A quality culture involves… 3. Tools for designing a quality culture
  51. 51. Help teachers learn how to make their own uniqueice cream that students can truly savor! 3. Tools for designing a quality culture
  52. 52. Conclusion…
  53. 53. A conclusion is the place where you got tired of thinking Conclusion…
  54. 54. Conclusion… Blended learning can be transformative; but…
  55. 55. Conclusion… …blended learning might end up looking like this! Without the right vision and culture…
  56. 56. “A prudent question is one-half of wisdom.” Francis Bacon http://www.slideshare.net/mbrownz/ Questions…

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