All Black and Blended: Broken Promises and Serious Challenges Mark Brown Director, Teaching, Learning and Distance Educati...
 
•  Director, Teaching, Learning & Distance Education •  Major leadership role in implementing Moodle@Massey •  Previous Co...
http://tinyurl.com/solt-mbrown About Mark Why I blog… •  Walk the talk •  Digital scholarship •  Knowledge harvesting and ...
The light comes through the  cracks … “ The unexamined life is not worth living” (Socrates) About Mark
All Black and Blended:  Broken Promises and Serious Challenges Please Standup
Sit down if you own… •  an iPhone •  an iPad •  an iPod •  an apple computer All Black and Blended:  Broken Promises and S...
All Black and Blended:  Broken Promises and Serious Challenges
All Black and Blended:  Broken Promises and Serious Challenges
 
All Black and Blended:  Broken Promises and Serious Challenges
Most technology-enhanced learning initiatives  reinforce  traditional forms of pedagogy…  All Black and Blended:  Broken P...
Most technology-enhanced learning initiatives  reinforce  traditional forms of pedagogy…  …  and blended learning is part ...
Most technology-enhanced learning initiatives  reinforce  traditional forms of pedagogy…  Arguably the concept of blended ...
All Black and Blended:  Broken Promises and Serious Challenges •  What is  blended learning ? Quick barometer check…
Technology Expectation Cycle (Cuban, 1986) Cuban, L. (1986).  Teachers and machines: The classroom use of technology since...
High expectations Growing support Subsided enthusiasm  Rebukes and blame  Technology Expectation Cycle (Cuban, 1986) Cuban...
All Black and Blended:  Broken Promises and Serious Challenges
Educational technology involves an ongoing cycle of  hype, hope   and  disappointment  (Gouseti, 2010). All Black and Blen...
Gartner Hype Cycle All Black and Blended:  Broken Promises and Serious Challenges Educational technology involves an ongoi...
How do we  ‘design for learning’   in ways that exploits the potential of new digital technology… All Black and Blended:  ...
How do we  ‘design for learning’   in ways that exploits the potential of new digital technology… …  with a  creative twis...
…  with a  creative twist   that breaks free of the current paradigm? …  or are we going to continue to play the  same gam...
All Black and Blended:  Broken Promises and Serious Challenges
All Black and Blended:  Broken Promises and Serious Challenges •  What is the most  serious  problem confronting tertiary ...
<ul><li>1.  Gap between formal and informal learning </li></ul><ul><li>2. Emergence of new business models </li></ul><ul><...
1. Gap between Formal and Informal Learning
When was  Steve Jobs  born? 1. Gap between Formal and Informal Learning
1. Gap between Formal and Informal Learning
There are over  2.9 billion  searches performed on Google each month.  1. Gap between Formal and Informal Learning
To whom were these questions addressed B.G.?  …  before  Google 1. Gap between Formal and Informal Learning
1. Gap between Formal and Informal Learning
1. Gap between Formal and Informal Learning
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3SuNx0UrnEo&feature=youtu.be 1. Gap between Formal and Informal Learning
A completely new type of  globally connected learner   is expecting a new type of Education for new times.  What does all ...
Not all  digital natives … “ The digital native and digital immigrant may be useful  slogans  for provoking debate but the...
2. Emergence of New Business Models
The economics of  abundance New Models of Production New Models of Distribution New Models of  Trade  &  Exchange 2. Emerg...
2. Emergence of New Business Models
2. Abundance of Digital Content for Learning
2. Where is eLearning heading? 2. Emergence of New Business Models
•  Who owns  Kaplan University ? Quick barometer check… 2. Emergence of New Business Models
2. Emergence of New Business Models
2. Emergence of New Business Models
The traditional tertiary institution is being  chiseled away   by powerful global forces and new business models as a mult...
1. What is eLearning? 3. Complexity of New Learning Designs
Learner-Content Interaction Learner-learner Interaction Teacher-Learner Interaction Blended  Learning 1. What is eLearning...
Places Tools Spaces 1. What is eLearning? 3. Complexity of New Learning Designs Blended Learning Learner-Content Interacti...
What is the right blend? 3. Complexity of New Learning Designs
Because no two students have the same needs and no two teachers arrive at their best performance in the same way,  theoret...
Learning by sharing (Connectivist) Learning by listening (Instructionist) Learning by doing (Constructivist) Learning by m...
Acquisition Participation Roots Metaphors (Brown, 2011) 3. Complexity of New Learning Designs
Physical Virtual Acquisition Participation (Brown, 2011) Roots Metaphors 3. Complexity of New Learning Designs
Synchronous Asynchronous Acquisition Participation (Brown, 2011) Roots Metaphors 3. Complexity of New Learning Designs
Synchronous Asynchronous Acquisition Participation Discussion Fora Lecture Capture Online Clinic Webinars Online Presentat...
Renewed focus on pedagogical planning tools 2. Where is eLearning heading? 3. Complexity of New Learning Designs Masterman...
3. Complexity of New Learning Designs Student Workload Calculator
&quot;Using technology to improve education is not  rocket science ...it is much, much harder than that&quot;   (Diana Lau...
4. Developing the Skill and the Will
•  New  demands  on staff •  Growing  range  of electronic tools •  Lack of  time  to devote to pedagogy and professional ...
Potential increases in academic  workload … More  with less! 2. Where is eLearning heading? 4. Developing the Skill and th...
New ways of supporting staff  2. Where is eLearning heading? 4. Developing the Skill and the Will
The Unexpectedness Factor
LMS VLE 4. Developing the Skill and the Will
But  deep  pedagogical change is hard… 2. Where is eLearning heading? Brown, M., Walker, R., & Hughes, H (2011).  A story ...
But  deep  pedagogical change is hard… Stream = LMS 2. Where is eLearning heading? Brown, M., Walker, R., & Hughes, H (201...
Garrison and Vaughan (2008) point out… <ul><ul><ul><li>“ Blended learning should not an addition that simply builds anothe...
Avoiding the dominant  ‘pump, pump,   dump   model’  of online (blended) learning…  http://www.flickr.com/photos/thebestfr...
5. Lack of Evidence
5. Lack of Evidence •  Is blended learning  better  than traditional learning?
5. Lack of Evidence •  Is blended learning  better  than traditional learning? - wrong question - not a single entity - ho...
“ Not everything that can be counted  counts,  not everything that  counts  can be counted”    Albert Einstein 5. Lack of ...
Conclusion
<ul><ul><ul><li>“ I think blended learning will  never  go away... and for some courses, some contexts, a blend which is 9...
<ul><ul><ul><li>“ I think blended learning will  never  go away... and for some courses, some contexts, a blend which is 9...
“ All education springs from images of the future and all education creates  images of the future . Thus all education, wh...
All Black, Blended   and  Broken!  Conclusion
Go forward and build a  better future…   for all.  Conclusion All Black, Blended   and  Broken!
 
“ A prudent  question  is one-half of wisdom. ” Francis Bacon Questions [email_address] http://www.slideshare.net/mbrownz/
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  • Authentic, relevant and timely. Strip off for the main game David mentioned in his presentation.
  • Introduce Richie. A little magic. Given to me by someone who was able to predict the score of early quarter final match last weekend before the game began.
  • Not my real name…
  • What is the purpose of a keynote?
  • Sit down if you own an ipod Sit down if you own an iphone Sit down if you own an ipad Sit down if you own a Macintosh computer
  • A want to start by sharing a dirty little secret…
  • Dirty little secret
  • The enduring questions…
  • The enduring questions…
  • Put another way can be avoid the plague of the technology scrum. Complete after me… “Crouch, Touch, Pause, Engagement and… Collapse”.
  • In the spirit of creativity…
  • 25% of papers on the use of new technology
  • Martin Waller
  • Who owns?
  • The key point is that e-learning is not about a single form of pedagogy.
  • All Black and Blended: Broken Promises and Serious Challenges

    1. 1. All Black and Blended: Broken Promises and Serious Challenges Mark Brown Director, Teaching, Learning and Distance Education National Teaching and Learning Conference October 13 th , 2011
    2. 3. • Director, Teaching, Learning & Distance Education • Major leadership role in implementing Moodle@Massey • Previous Coordinator of the Doctor of Education (EdD) • On several executive committees (ACiLiTE, DEANZ, DEHub) • On several journal editorial boards ( Research in Learning Technology, Journal of Further and Higher Education, etc.) • Recipient of National Award for Sustained Excellence in Tertiary Teaching • First New Zealand Apple Distinguished Educator • Try to share some of my musings in “Pass the SoLT” [email_address] Twitter @mbrownz About Mark
    3. 4. http://tinyurl.com/solt-mbrown About Mark Why I blog… • Walk the talk • Digital scholarship • Knowledge harvesting and brokering • Scratch pad for critical thinking and reflection • Wider impact with a worldwide audience
    4. 5. The light comes through the cracks … “ The unexamined life is not worth living” (Socrates) About Mark
    5. 6. All Black and Blended: Broken Promises and Serious Challenges Please Standup
    6. 7. Sit down if you own… • an iPhone • an iPad • an iPod • an apple computer All Black and Blended: Broken Promises and Serious Challenges
    7. 8. All Black and Blended: Broken Promises and Serious Challenges
    8. 9. All Black and Blended: Broken Promises and Serious Challenges
    9. 11. All Black and Blended: Broken Promises and Serious Challenges
    10. 12. Most technology-enhanced learning initiatives reinforce traditional forms of pedagogy… All Black and Blended: Broken Promises and Serious Challenges
    11. 13. Most technology-enhanced learning initiatives reinforce traditional forms of pedagogy… … and blended learning is part of the problem. All Black and Blended: Broken Promises and Serious Challenges
    12. 14. Most technology-enhanced learning initiatives reinforce traditional forms of pedagogy… Arguably the concept of blended learning does little to disrupt the old normal . … and blended learning is part of the problem . All Black and Blended: Broken Promises and Serious Challenges
    13. 15. All Black and Blended: Broken Promises and Serious Challenges • What is blended learning ? Quick barometer check…
    14. 16. Technology Expectation Cycle (Cuban, 1986) Cuban, L. (1986). Teachers and machines: The classroom use of technology since 1920. New York: Teachers’ College Press. All Black and Blended: Broken Promises and Serious Challenges
    15. 17. High expectations Growing support Subsided enthusiasm Rebukes and blame Technology Expectation Cycle (Cuban, 1986) Cuban, L. (1986). Teachers and machines: The classroom use of technology since 1920. New York: Teachers’ College Press. All Black and Blended: Broken Promises and Serious Challenges
    16. 18. All Black and Blended: Broken Promises and Serious Challenges
    17. 19. Educational technology involves an ongoing cycle of hype, hope and disappointment (Gouseti, 2010). All Black and Blended: Broken Promises and Serious Challenges
    18. 20. Gartner Hype Cycle All Black and Blended: Broken Promises and Serious Challenges Educational technology involves an ongoing cycle of hype, hope and disappointment (Gouseti, 2010).
    19. 21. How do we ‘design for learning’ in ways that exploits the potential of new digital technology… All Black and Blended: Broken Promises and Serious Challenges
    20. 22. How do we ‘design for learning’ in ways that exploits the potential of new digital technology… … with a creative twist that breaks free of the current paradigm? All Black and Blended: Broken Promises and Serious Challenges
    21. 23. … with a creative twist that breaks free of the current paradigm? … or are we going to continue to play the same game resulting in the same outcomes? All Black and Blended: Broken Promises and Serious Challenges How do we ‘design for learning’ in ways that exploits the potential of new digital technology…
    22. 24. All Black and Blended: Broken Promises and Serious Challenges
    23. 25. All Black and Blended: Broken Promises and Serious Challenges • What is the most serious problem confronting tertiary education? Quick barometer check…
    24. 26. <ul><li>1. Gap between formal and informal learning </li></ul><ul><li>2. Emergence of new business models </li></ul><ul><li>Complexity of new learning designs </li></ul><ul><li>Developing the skill and the will </li></ul><ul><li>5. Lack of evidence </li></ul>Why a new plan … All Black and Blended: Broken Promises and Serious Challenges
    25. 27. 1. Gap between Formal and Informal Learning
    26. 28. When was Steve Jobs born? 1. Gap between Formal and Informal Learning
    27. 29. 1. Gap between Formal and Informal Learning
    28. 30. There are over 2.9 billion searches performed on Google each month. 1. Gap between Formal and Informal Learning
    29. 31. To whom were these questions addressed B.G.? … before Google 1. Gap between Formal and Informal Learning
    30. 32. 1. Gap between Formal and Informal Learning
    31. 33. 1. Gap between Formal and Informal Learning
    32. 34. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3SuNx0UrnEo&feature=youtu.be 1. Gap between Formal and Informal Learning
    33. 35. A completely new type of globally connected learner is expecting a new type of Education for new times. What does all this mean? 1. Gap between Formal and Informal Learning
    34. 36. Not all digital natives … “ The digital native and digital immigrant may be useful slogans for provoking debate but the distinction does not stand up to inspection… the profound changes taking place need to be situated in diversity rather than dichotomy” (Brown, 2005, p.3). Brown, M. E. (2005). The next generation: Looking to the future. Computers in New Zealand Schools, 17 (2), 3-7. July Editorial. 1. Gap between Formal and Informal Learning
    35. 37. 2. Emergence of New Business Models
    36. 38. The economics of abundance New Models of Production New Models of Distribution New Models of Trade & Exchange 2. Emergence of New Business Models
    37. 39. 2. Emergence of New Business Models
    38. 40. 2. Abundance of Digital Content for Learning
    39. 41. 2. Where is eLearning heading? 2. Emergence of New Business Models
    40. 42. • Who owns Kaplan University ? Quick barometer check… 2. Emergence of New Business Models
    41. 43. 2. Emergence of New Business Models
    42. 44. 2. Emergence of New Business Models
    43. 45. The traditional tertiary institution is being chiseled away by powerful global forces and new business models as a multitude of new providers emerge. 2. Emergence of New Business Models
    44. 46. 1. What is eLearning? 3. Complexity of New Learning Designs
    45. 47. Learner-Content Interaction Learner-learner Interaction Teacher-Learner Interaction Blended Learning 1. What is eLearning? 3. Complexity of New Learning Designs
    46. 48. Places Tools Spaces 1. What is eLearning? 3. Complexity of New Learning Designs Blended Learning Learner-Content Interaction Learner-learner Interaction Teacher-Learner Interaction
    47. 49. What is the right blend? 3. Complexity of New Learning Designs
    48. 50. Because no two students have the same needs and no two teachers arrive at their best performance in the same way, theoretical exclusivity and didactic single-mindedness can be trusted to make even the best educational ideas fail. 3. Complexity of New Learning Designs (Sfard, 1998, p.11)
    49. 51. Learning by sharing (Connectivist) Learning by listening (Instructionist) Learning by doing (Constructivist) Learning by making (Constructionist) Still has a role but… 3. Complexity of New Learning Designs
    50. 52. Acquisition Participation Roots Metaphors (Brown, 2011) 3. Complexity of New Learning Designs
    51. 53. Physical Virtual Acquisition Participation (Brown, 2011) Roots Metaphors 3. Complexity of New Learning Designs
    52. 54. Synchronous Asynchronous Acquisition Participation (Brown, 2011) Roots Metaphors 3. Complexity of New Learning Designs
    53. 55. Synchronous Asynchronous Acquisition Participation Discussion Fora Lecture Capture Online Clinic Webinars Online Presentations Wikis ePortfolio Online Readings Video Streaming Online Chat Video Conferencing (Brown, 2011) Real-time Tests Learning Ecology 3. Complexity of New Learning Designs
    54. 56. Renewed focus on pedagogical planning tools 2. Where is eLearning heading? 3. Complexity of New Learning Designs Masterman, E., & Manton, M. (2011). Teachers’ perspectives on digital tools for pedagogic planning and design. Technology, Pedagogy and Education, 20 (2) , 227-246.
    55. 57. 3. Complexity of New Learning Designs Student Workload Calculator
    56. 58. &quot;Using technology to improve education is not rocket science ...it is much, much harder than that&quot; (Diana Laurillard, Opening Up Education, 2009). 3. Complexity of New Learning Designs
    57. 59. 4. Developing the Skill and the Will
    58. 60. • New demands on staff • Growing range of electronic tools • Lack of time to devote to pedagogy and professional development 2. Where is eLearning heading? 4. Developing the Skill and the Will
    59. 61. Potential increases in academic workload … More with less! 2. Where is eLearning heading? 4. Developing the Skill and the Will
    60. 62. New ways of supporting staff 2. Where is eLearning heading? 4. Developing the Skill and the Will
    61. 63. The Unexpectedness Factor
    62. 64. LMS VLE 4. Developing the Skill and the Will
    63. 65. But deep pedagogical change is hard… 2. Where is eLearning heading? Brown, M., Walker, R., & Hughes, H (2011). A story of two tales: What do College of Business staff say about the Stream experience? Research report, Massey University. 4. Developing the Skill and the Will Stream = LMS
    64. 66. But deep pedagogical change is hard… Stream = LMS 2. Where is eLearning heading? Brown, M., Walker, R., & Hughes, H (2011). A story of two tales: What do College of Business staff say about the Stream experience? Research report, Massey University. 4. Developing the Skill and the Will
    65. 67. Garrison and Vaughan (2008) point out… <ul><ul><ul><li>“ Blended learning should not an addition that simply builds another expensive educational layer” (p.5). </li></ul></ul></ul>4. Developing the Skill and the Will
    66. 68. Avoiding the dominant ‘pump, pump, dump model’ of online (blended) learning… http://www.flickr.com/photos/thebestfriend/4534455439/sizes/z/in/photostream/ 4. Developing the Skill and the Will
    67. 69. 5. Lack of Evidence
    68. 70. 5. Lack of Evidence • Is blended learning better than traditional learning?
    69. 71. 5. Lack of Evidence • Is blended learning better than traditional learning? - wrong question - not a single entity - holds to a different standard - tells us nothing about pedagogy - problematic to measure empirically
    70. 72. “ Not everything that can be counted counts, not everything that counts can be counted” Albert Einstein 5. Lack of Evidence
    71. 73. Conclusion
    72. 74. <ul><ul><ul><li>“ I think blended learning will never go away... and for some courses, some contexts, a blend which is 90 per cent conventional and 10 per cent digital is probably right and you’d get the reverse for other kinds of course… </li></ul></ul></ul>Conclusion
    73. 75. <ul><ul><ul><li>“ I think blended learning will never go away... and for some courses, some contexts, a blend which is 90 per cent conventional and 10 per cent digital is probably right and you’d get the reverse for other kinds of course… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>So it’s entirely up to the particular context what kind of blend you have and we’ve just got to get practised at being able to find the right blend for the right course and context” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(cited in Joint Information Systems Committee, 2009, p.46). </li></ul></ul></ul>Conclusion
    74. 76. “ All education springs from images of the future and all education creates images of the future . Thus all education, whether so intended or not, is a preparation for the future. Unless we understand the future for which we are preparing we may do tragic damage to those we teach” (Toffler, 1974). Conclusion
    75. 77. All Black, Blended and Broken! Conclusion
    76. 78. Go forward and build a better future… for all. Conclusion All Black, Blended and Broken!
    77. 80. “ A prudent question is one-half of wisdom. ” Francis Bacon Questions [email_address] http://www.slideshare.net/mbrownz/

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