History of Educational Technology Podworny, Carla Brot, Micaela
What is technology?• Technology comes from the Greek “techne” It means craft or art; "technique" considers the field of Educational Technology. So, Educational Technology may include the techniques of the educator.• Technology refers to material objects of use to humanity, such as machines or hardware. It may also include systems, methods of organization, and techniques. Some modern tools include overhead projectors, laptop computers, and calculators, as well as some newer tools such as smartphones and games.
Educational Technology• It’s the use of technology in educational settings (Primary, secondary, universities, etc)• It also refers to the instructional use of computers, television, and other kinds of electronic hardware and software.
Audiovisual Education• Films: By the fist decade of the 20th century, silent films were produced for instructional use.• Radio: In 1920 commercial and educational stations were licensed.• Television: Instructional TV was the focus of attention during the 1950s and de 1960s. Television channels for educational purposes were set aside. Much was invested for educational television.• Computers: By 1983 computers were used for educational purposes in 40% of primary schools and 70% of secondary schools in the USA. By 2000 there was an average of one computer for every five students, with 97% of schools having Internet connections.
Technology and learning? Or Technology vs. Learning?• Behaviourism and instructional media• Constructivism and the promotion of high-level thinking
The role and function of computers at school:• Computer literacy• Computers as tools• Computers as a catalyst for school reform
Current issues relating tothe Use of Educational Technology• Legal issues• Ethical issues• Media literacy• Adequate funding
Advantages of technology• Easy-to-access course materials• Student motivation• Wide participation• Improved student writing• Subjects made easier to learn• Differentiated Instruction
Disadvantages of technology• Lack of proper training• Limited access to a sufficient quantity of a resource• Limited access because of the high cost of technology and the fear of damages• Inconvenience of resource placement• Technology implementation is time consuming• Technology failure during an activity. Having back up plans/lessons
Technology in the classroom:• Computer in the classroom• Class website• Class blogs and wikis• Wireless classroom microphones• Online media• Mobile devices (M-learning)• Digital games• Podcasts Interactive whiteboards