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World Lit II - Class Notes for April 19, 2012

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World Lit II - Class Notes for April 19, 2012

  1. 1. World Literature IIRenaissance to the Present Dr. Michael Broder University of South Carolina April 19, 2012
  2. 2. LateThe ^Twentieth Century POSTMODERNISM
  3. 3. “Half-suffocated summer gods grope in the sea mist.” Tomas Tranströmer “Evening—Morning”
  4. 4. Edgar Varèse (1883 – 1965)
  5. 5. The Holocaust, 1933-1945
  6. 6. German invasion of Poland, September 1939
  7. 7. German “Blitz” of Britain and Northern Ireland, September 1940 – May 1941
  8. 8. Japanese attack on US naval base in Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941
  9. 9. Liberation of the camps, 1944-45
  10. 10. Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki (1945)
  11. 11. “No poetry after Auschwitz”T.W. Adorno (1903 – 1969), Germansociologist, philosopher, musicologist and composer
  12. 12. Jackson PollockShimmering Substance (1946)
  13. 13. John Cage (1912 – 1992)
  14. 14. Berlin Blockade & Airlift, 1948-49
  15. 15. Jasper Johns Flag (1954-5)
  16. 16. East German border guard Conrad Schumann leaps into the French Sector of West Berlin over barbed wire on August 15, 1961.
  17. 17. Andy WarholCampbell’s Soup Cans (1962)
  18. 18. Vietnam War, 1955-1975
  19. 19. Tom WesselmannStill Life #20 (1962)
  20. 20. Buddhist monk burns himself on a Saigon street to protestpersecution of Buddhists by the South Vietnamese government (1963)
  21. 21. James RosenquistPresident Elect (1960-1, 1964)
  22. 22. Murder of a Vietcong by Saigon Police Chief, 1968
  23. 23. Roy Lichtenstein Whaam! (1963)
  24. 24. Paris, May 1968 •  Massive confrontations between police and students brought workers out on a general strike and brought the government to the point of collapse •  Clashes followed between police and students on countries all around the world, and would have a lasting political impact
  25. 25. Jean-Luc GodardLa Chinoise (1967)
  26. 26. Apollo 11 lands on the moon, 1969
  27. 27. Girl running down a road after a South Vietnamese napalm attack, 1972
  28. 28. The Polish trade union Solidarity emerged onAugust 31, 1980 at the Gdańsk Shipyard under the leadership of Lech Lech Wałęsa
  29. 29. Jean-Michel Basquiat Mona Lisa (1983)
  30. 30. President Reagan speaking in front of theBrandenburg Gate at the Berlin Wall, June 12, 1987
  31. 31. David HockneyPearblossom Highway (1986)
  32. 32. On the 9th of November, 1989, the Borderseparating Western from Eastern Germany was effectively opened.
  33. 33. Jean-Paul Sartre (1905 – 1980) •  Being and Nothingness (1943) •  Existentialism •  Existence precedes essence •  That is, you are a material body before you are a thinking, feeling person
  34. 34. Claude Lévi-Strauss (1908 – 2009) •  Structuralism •  The human mind is structured according to binary oppositions like male/female, high/low, raw/cooked •  The members of the binary are defined in terms of each other •  All of these binaries for a structure, each part of which is defined in terms of every other part
  35. 35. Michel Foucault (1926–1984) •  Critiqued Enlightenment concepts of freedom, liberation, self-determination as socially constructed rather than natural •  Focused on the ways in which such constructs can foster cultural hegemony, violence and exclusion •  That is, those in power get to determine what human nature is and who gets to be classified as “human” (as well as who does not)
  36. 36. Jacques Derrida (1930 – 2004) •  Deconstruction •  The binary oppositions of structuralism are inherently instable •  The privileged pole of the binary requires the devalued pole of the binary for its own definition •  The devalued pole of the binary presents a constant threat to the centrality of the privileged pole
  37. 37. The Civil Rights MovementResisted oppression on the basis of RACE
  38. 38. The Feminist MovementResisted oppression on the basis of GENDER
  39. 39. The Gay Rights MovementResisted oppression on the basis of SEXUALITY
  40. 40. The Postcolonial MovementFought for the independence of colonies andthe end of IMPERIALISM
  41. 41. I dreamt that I was to start school but arrived late.Everyone in the room wore white masks on their faces.It was impossibe to know which was the teacher. Tomas Tranströmer “Grief Gondola #2”
  42. 42. World Literature IIRenaissance to the Present Dr. Michael Broder University of South Carolina April 19, 2012

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