Mr. Clark PhillipsOffice of Naval ResearchThe attached White Paper is in response to Office of Naval Research Broad Agency...
ONR leaders can leverage the BIMStorm® process, customize it and tailor subsequentBIMStorms® to meet specific objectives. ...
Broad Agency Announcement (BAA)                 Human Social Cultural and Behavioral Sciences             Applied Research...
Executive SummaryA 3-year contract of $2,175,000 will allow immediate and significant warfigther support with six(6) appli...
Specific conditions in austere areas will be monitored and analyzed based on advancedprocesses, facilities technologies an...
Other hardware and software technology will be included in the demonstrations. The combinedtechnologies will allow teams t...
BIMStorm® processes already used by the Department of Homeland Security, General ServicesAdministration, US Army Corps of ...
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Office of Naval Research White Paper


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A team of professionals proposed that the Office of Naval Research can use existing web-based BIM to assist warfighters improve their safety. The requirements for a White Paper of no more than 5 pages results in some condensed esoteric language. However, a two page cover letter from team leader James Salmon, Esq helps clarify the point that more is possible today than most people realize.

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Office of Naval Research White Paper

  1. 1. Mr. Clark PhillipsOffice of Naval ResearchThe attached White Paper is in response to Office of Naval Research Broad AgencyAnnouncement ONRBAA11-014.Titled “Cloud Based Facilities Behavior Analysis: Support for Warfighters,” the White Paper ispresented by the team of professionals listed below. The team will implement award-winningBIMStorm® cloud computing processes to achieve the stated objectives. BIMStorms® - onlinebrain storms - are already used by the Department of Defense, Department of HomelandSecurity, General Services Administration, other government entities and private companies.The team will establish Office of Naval Research (ONR) socio-cultural and human behaviormodeling systems. The systems will use proven, web-based business processes to improveconsensus decision making regarding forceful or peaceful actions – also known as kinetic/hardaction and non-kinetic/soft action.The modeling software and business processes will allow repeatable analysis of data from socialnetworks and other sources to help determine what action to take, a process described in theWhite Paper as a BIMStorm®.The team will use the expressed and implicit goals outlined in the Broad Agency Announcementto articulate measurable results to be explored in six (6) semi-annual BIMStorms®.Rapid deployment of proven business tools and processes will dramatically increase knowledgemanagement in measurable ways. A greater understanding of human behavior in austereenvironments will be achieved in a shorter period of time than is typically thought possible.Adopting a consensus approach to determining actions in the BIMStorms®, the team will traindesignated warfighters to engage provincial, town, and tribal leaders to gather information oninsurgent activity and to identify job creators, provide medical aid, or develop reconstructionprojects. Using proven building industry web processes and technology it will be possible togain significant indication of human behavior in austere environments.Intelligently leveraging web-based business processes to manage water, energy, food and otherresources in theater will enable warriors to dominate soft/non-kinetic mindscapes as well as thebattle space. Rapid and authentic digital replication of known environments will empowerwarfighters to interact with local populations and to leverage the insights and knowledge ofcombat veterans remote to the theater. Capturing and leveraging such information will savelives and increase mission success.After the first BIMStorm®, which will be held within six (6) months of formal authorization, itwill be possible to dramatically increase the speed and accuracy of field level decisions. Thefirst event will be based on information from existing, publicly available data sets.
  2. 2. ONR leaders can leverage the BIMStorm® process, customize it and tailor subsequentBIMStorms® to meet specific objectives. The subsequent BIMStorms® will lead to theautomation of at least one clearly defined mission critical process that can be repeated by non-team members in a final demonstration.Individuals and companies listed below are among those who will be asked to provide servicesand/or products to benefit “Cloud Based Facilities Behavior Analysis: Support for Warfighters.”They will provide their services and/or products to the project through an Integrated ProjectDelivery contract organized by Collaborative Construction Resources.We look forward to being of service to the Office of Naval Research.Best regards,James Salmon, Esq.Founder, Collaborative Construction Resources, llcTeam Members:Kimon Onuma, FAIAFounder, ONUMA, Inc.Robert Smith, PhDProfessor Emeritus, California State UniversityCol. (Ret.) James R. Sweeney, USMCMilitary and Financial AnalystPaul WingateBuilding Industry AnalystMichael J. BordenaroCo-founder, BIM Education Co-op and Project ManagerTeam Organizations:buildingSMART allianceCeaseFireUEC - ElectronicsInstitute for the Future
  3. 3. Broad Agency Announcement (BAA) Human Social Cultural and Behavioral Sciences Applied Research and Advanced Technology Deployment BAA Announcement# ONRBAA11-014 Cloud-Based Facilities Behavior Analysis: Support for Warfighters WHITE PAPER Existing emergency response processes and technologies, such as those used by the United States Coast Guard will be enhanced for kinetic and non-kinetic action analysis.James L. Salmon, Esq.FounderCollaborative Construction Resources, llc69 West Southgate, Suite 1Fort Thomas, Kentucky 41075(512) 630-4446 phone(513) 562 4388, www.collaborativecr.comJames L. Salmon
  4. 4. Executive SummaryA 3-year contract of $2,175,000 will allow immediate and significant warfigther support with six(6) applied research demonstrations using BIMStorm® processes and technology for “onlinebrainstorms.” The applied research BIMStorm® demonstrations, utilizing advanced technologyand repeatable web-based processes, will enable modeling of human behavior in austereenvironments. Warfighters armed with these tools will quickly master cultural norms in theater.Facilities impact human activities and cultural norms. BIMStorm® processes will enableWarfighters to quickly analyze patterns related to facilities and cultural norms. Impactedbehaviors will be linked to a building industry ontology developed by multiple federal agencies.Tying that ontology to human behavior can help automate decisions regarding socio-culturalissues by leveraging data acquired and processed through many means.Publicly available Office of Naval Research data sets will be configured for web-based gamingactivities to predict and analyze facilities-related human behavior in various environments. Forcomparative purposes demonstrations will focus on 1) austere environments, 2) challengingenvironments, 3) rural environments and 4) urban environments.Customized processes and technologies will combine for rapid deployment of advancedtechnology for Warfighter support in all four environments. As demonstrated by multiple federalagencies little training will be required. The result of the contract will be implementation ofmultiple demonstrations involving real time information sharing over networks that includefield-proven solar-powered computers.Mobile hardware solutions (left) being used in Afghanistan by USMC and (right) USCG facilities behaviormodeling (right) will be combined to accelerate mission success using proven tools and processes.IntroductionBIMStorm® processes will generate virtual environments from existing ONR data. Humaninteraction in those virtual environments will be recorded and compared to known reactionsfrom the field.Kinetic and non-kinetic responses to events – natural and unnatural – will be recorded withgeographically referenced data. The data will be processed through cloud computing databasesto direct emergency delivery of personnel and materials to specific locations.
  5. 5. Specific conditions in austere areas will be monitored and analyzed based on advancedprocesses, facilities technologies and ontologies evolved by the Department of Defense,Department of Homeland Security, General Services Administration, NASA, and others.Each applied research demonstration, or BIMStorm® will lead to customized capabilities to betested in the next BIMStorm®. Repeatable and simple web-based processes and interfaces willenable participants to leverage visualized data to make effective decisions in theater.The four objectives and four topics in BAA Announcement ONRBAA #11-014 will beaddressed in a series of comprehensive BIMStorm® applied research demonstrations. Thedemonstrations will entail visual analysis of information reflected in predetermined reportformats, such as video, jpegs and other data delivered in XML format. Predictable humanbehavior related to the facilities data will be mapped for analysis and real time decision making.One demonstration will feature the University of Illinois at Chicago “CeaseFire” social scienceprogram proven to reduce gun violence. The social and cultural monitoring system underlyingthat study will be enhanced and applied to the BIMStorms®. The team will map, model andmonitor various environments using proven socio-cultural human behavior modificationmethods from the “CeaseFire” program. The BIMStorms® will prove the immediate value ofintense data sharing, visualization and modeling based on open standards supported by theNational Institute of Building Sciences and numerous federal agencies.Business reference models and critical functional metrics supported by the Network CentricOperations Industry Consortium will be among the decision making processes demonstrated.Technical ConceptThe project team will use existing hardware and web-based software to support Warfighters.Demonstrations will feature existing, publicly available data being used to produce reportsrelated to the objectives and topic listed. The team will develop custom processes using Cloud-based software tool sets from Google, Microsoft, Autodesk, Bentley, Nemetschek, Onuma andothers. The processes will be repeated by Warfighters with little or no training.Surprisingly beneficial solutions to seemingly intractable problems will result from combiningexisting technologies and processes currently used by the federal agencies. Prior to eachBIMStorm® demonstration, measurable benefits will be designated by the Office of NavalResearch. Established web-based facilities technologies and processes will be used to map,model and monitor austere environments based on building industry behavior and measurablecultural patterns. Repeatable processes will be documented for internal implementation by theOffice of Naval Research and sharing with other appropriate entities.A Ground Renewable Expeditionary Energy System (GREENS) will be purchased and used tointeract with existing web-based software programs. Mission success in austere environmentswill be enhanced by access to reliable and renewable energy.
  6. 6. Other hardware and software technology will be included in the demonstrations. The combinedtechnologies will allow teams to send and receive environmental data from which informationcan be reviewed by scalable knowledge bases to “game” potential human behavior.BudgetThe following are estimates that will be revised by submitting team members.Professional services $254,000Software $133,000Hardware $167,000Field testing $146,000Expenses/Contingency $ 25,000Annual Total $725,000Project Total $2,175,000Objective fulfillmentEach of the four objectives and four topics in ONR BAA Announcement #11-014 will beaddressed in comprehensive BIMStorm® demonstrations designed to extract information criticalto forward theater decisions from complex data sets determined by the Office of Naval Research.Information mined from the data will be displayed graphically, enabling Warfighters to analyzethe information and act on it with confidence.The Office of Naval Research will set specific, measurable goals for web-based knowledgecapture, management, automated analysis and decision-making processes during BIMStorms®.Publicly available business processes and technologies – reflected in open standards supportedby the National Institute of Building Sciences – will be used to gather and analyze data.Combined, the proven software and hardware processes and technologies will enhance ourWarfighters understanding of human behavior related to facilities. Measurable improvements todecision making involving kinetic and non-kinetic action in austere, challenging, rural and urbanenvironments will be achieved.Operational Naval ConceptA series of web-based knowledge capture, data management and visualizations – BIMStorms® -will improve decision making related to kinetic and non-kinetic actions. The use of publiclyavailable processes and technologies will allow the Office of Naval Research to identifyclassified processes and technologies that can be utilized to meet goals outside this contract forrapid deployment of applied research and advanced technologies to assist effective decisionmaking by Warfighters on the battlefield.
  7. 7. BIMStorm® processes already used by the Department of Homeland Security, General ServicesAdministration, US Army Corps of Engineers and others will be leveraged to develop gamingenvironments that allow creation and visualization of realistic battlefield scenarios. Existing,publicly available information will be used to model facilities in Building Information Modelingand Geographic Information Systems software operating on open standards. Multiple emergencyresponse scenarios will be modeled with remote assistance.National Institute of Building Sciences supported open standards technology and businessprocesses - currently used by federal agencies – arm decision makers with geo-referencedfacilities data that accurately reflects reality. Mastering facilities data in austere environmentsenhances the ability to predict human behavior in those environments. Relevant facilities dataand human behaviors will be modeled in a series of BIMStorms® and analyzed in real-time.Operational Utility Assessment PlanThe Office of Naval Research will observe and participate in multiple demonstrations leading upto the semi-annual BIMStorms® when predetermined scenarios will be played out in real-time.Collaborative approaches to emergency response data being processed while critical decisionmaking responsibilities are exercised in real time will be developed based on existing practices.Data collection, management and visualization assisting real time decision making will berefined in six month cycles. The ONR can determine use of the processes and technologies forlong-term and increasingly automated implementation. ONR can implement widespreaddistribution of the processes and technologies development at its discretion.In preparing for the BIMStorm® demonstrations data sets will be selected, loaded and reportedin a manner that meets the measurable goals outlined in the Broad Agency Announcement.One kinetic action explored in the BIMStorm® will be network centric warfare developed underthe Naval Postgraduate Systems Mark Nissen. Specific focus will be placed on Nissens“Knowledge Flow” at tacit levels and implicit levels so principles and rules can improveformalization of analysis.BIMStorm® processes, which include use of Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Skype and othersocial media communication processes, will be quickly used by people with no technicalexpertise. Language barriers can be overcome by communicating with images that can beupdated in real time based on live information. More is possible today using existingtechnologies and processes than most people realize.ConclusionVisualizing complex data sets improves decision making. Accepting data from numeroussources, including Twitter, Facebook and analog sources, and incorporating it into a singlevisualization allows for pattern recognition, leveraging of institutional knowledge and automatedkinetic or non-kinetic response based on predetermined criteria. BIMStorm® will enableunderstanding of complex interrelationships between natural and unnatural disasters and willcontribute automated response for kinetic and non-kinetic action.