Visions in Feminism 2011, Bicycle: Machine of Empowerment or Oppression?

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  • Who here rides a bike?Take the time to get answers from the group. Write them down on the board.
  • Because investments in bike facilities is less expensive than automobile facilities, money saved can go toward other public services.
  • Of the $1.5 billion travel/tourism industry in WI; $900Million from bike touring; $500million was from out of state
  • 630 bike deaths (2% of 33,808 of traffic deaths per year) – as biking increases, this number is staying the same
  • Lack of confidence in abilities
  • DC law states that bicyclists must have front white light and red rear reflector
  • Only about half of all funds that go into transportation come from the gas tax.
  • Same study showed that Women were more concerned about safety, being able to carry daily items, and the need to fix their hair.This is not true for Northern Europe where cycling makes ups ~35% of trips. (no significant difference on social class and sex.)
  • At the end of the 19th century
  • In the advocacy world we call it a “crash” rather than “accident.” An accident implies that no one was at fault.
  • Law enacted Jan. 28, 2011; Regulations expected April 7th, 2011
  • Visions in Feminism 2011, Bicycle: Machine of Empowerment or Oppression?

    1. 1. Bicycle. A Machine of Empowerment or Oppression?<br />Meredith Begin202-449-0401mbegin@umich.edu<br />@biker_mbegin<br />http://meredithbegin.blogspot.com<br />
    2. 2. Why do we ride?<br />
    3. 3. Why Do People Commute by Bicycle?<br />According to a survey of 2,400 cyclists:<br /> 95% ride for health and fitness<br />82% do it for the environment<br />52% bike to avoid congestion<br />46% ride to save money on gasoline<br />34% want to avoid car-parking costs and availability <br />
    4. 4. Biking is Healthy for Individuals<br /><ul><li>3 hours of riding per week reduces the risk of heart disease & stroke by 50%
    5. 5. Women who bike 30+ minutes a day for 3 days have a lower risk of breast cancer
    6. 6. Adolescents who bike are 48% less likely to be overweight as adults
    7. 7. 82% of bicycle commuters believe their health has improved since they started bicycle commuting.
    8. 8. Biking is listed as the safest way to get physical activity.
    9. 9. A study of nearly 2,400 adults found that those who biked to work were fitter, leaner, less likely to be obese, and had better triglyceride levels, blood pressure, and insulin levels than those who didn't active commute to work.
    10. 10. Bicycle commuting burns an average of 540 calories per hour.</li></li></ul><li>Biking Helps Communities<br />A report estimated that Portland, Oregon's regional trail network saves the city approximately $115 million per year in healthcare costs<br />People are more likely to bike for transportation if they have social support from family and friends.<br />
    11. 11. Biking Helps Communities<br />Events bring people together<br />Charity events/rides<br />Breaks down anonymous & exclusive barriers (more exposure)<br />People feel a stronger connection to their neighbors, and local shops and restaurants<br />
    12. 12. Biking Generates Economic Benefits<br />The U.S. bicycle industry sold $5.9 billion in bicycles and equipment in 2008<br />Twice as many bicycles are sold in the U.S. each year than cars<br />Studies have shown that homes closer to bike paths are more valuable<br />Bicycle touring is a multi-million dollar industry<br /> Of the $1.5 billion travel/tourism industry in WI; $900Million from bike touring; $500million was from out of state<br />
    13. 13. Biking Improves Public Health & the Environment<br />
    14. 14. Biking is Affordable<br /><ul><li>On a round-trip commute of 10 miles, bicyclists save around $10 a day.
    15. 15. The average annual operating cost of a bicycle is $308, less than 4% that of an average car ($8,220 — more than spending on food!).</li></li></ul><li>Biking Reduces Our Dependence on Foreign Oil<br />One of every 10 barrels of crude oil ends up in U.S. gasoline tanks<br />If all Americans ages 10-64 were to bicycle instead of drive for 60 minutes a day, gasoline demand would be reduced by 48 billion gallons, equal to 35% of 2005 domestic oil consumption.<br />
    16. 16. Biking is Fun and Convenient!<br />Most trips Americans make are short: 49% are less than 3 miles, 39% are less than 2 miles, and 24% are less than 1 mile<br />No need to circle around for a place to park<br />Takes the same amount of time regardless of traffic<br />
    17. 17. Why don’t we ride?<br />I don’t have a bike<br />Falling hurts/Its dangerous<br />Lack confidence in abilities<br />Bad weather<br />Lack of safe places to ride<br />Don’t know how to fix my bike<br />
    18. 18. Get a Bike or a BikeShare Membership!<br />Capital Bikeshare<br />http://www.capitalbikeshare.com/<br />$75 for annual membership<br />$25 for monthly membership<br />$5 for 24 hours<br />Free for first half hour, fees for use beyond half-hour<br />Up to $240 tax-free for bike commuting<br />Craigslist, bike swaps, even a new bike is a great investment<br />
    19. 19. Cycling is Actually Pretty Safe<br />The average commuter cyclist has just 1 accident every 8.7 years.<br />There is safety in numbers: the more cyclists there are, the safer bicycling is<br />The risk of fatality while cycling is just once every 20 million miles, or over 800 times around the world.<br />The health benefits of cycling outweigh the safety risks by a factor of 20 to one.<br />
    20. 20. Practice Makes Perfect<br />Parking lots, alleyways, Beach Drive<br />Ride a stationary bike to increase endurance (spin classes!)<br />50% of trips Americans make are less than 3 miles — about a 15-20 minute ride at an easy pace.<br />Even the best riders might make a mistake. The key is to learn how to fall — roll onto your back!<br />
    21. 21. A Tip: Don’t Cross Your Chain<br />Don’t do this:<br />Do this:<br />
    22. 22. Battling the Elements<br />Layers, layers, layers<br />Base layer to whisk moisture away from the body<br />Wool keeps the warmth in, even if wet, but many synthetic blends are designed to act like wool<br />Fenders keep your butt and dry<br />Wet shoes? Stuff with wadded up newspaper overnight.<br />Wipe down your bike with damp towel (old t-shirts!) after rainy day or when there is a lot of salt on the roads. Re-oil chain!<br />Lights!!<br />
    23. 23. Why We Need More Bike Facilities<br />47% of Americans say they would like more bike facilities in their communities<br />After a bike and pedestrian lane was installed on a South Carolina bridge, 67% of users indicated that their activity levels had increased since the opening of the lane.<br />After bicycle lanes were installed post-Katrina on a New Orleans, Louisiana street, there was a 57% increase in the number of cyclists and a 133% increase in the number of female cyclists.<br />
    24. 24. Everyone Can Learn toFix/Maintain a Bike<br />Bicycle is a simple machine<br />Free classes at bike shops for fixing flats, rim cleaning, drive-train care, brake adjustments<br />Farmers Markets<br />Mt. Pleasant<br />14th and U Street NW<br />Bloomingdale<br />Glover Park<br />Is there interest in a bike workshop/gathering?<br />
    25. 25. Bicycling and Oppression<br />Why do we give so much public space to motorized vehicles?<br />Why do we designate so much public funding on private, single occupancy motorized vehicles?<br />In a conflict between a bicyclist and an automobile, who wins?<br />
    26. 26. Biking and Gender<br />
    27. 27. Bicycling and Gender<br />Women less likely to bike than men<br />In the U.S., 35% of all bicycle trips are made by women and 65% are made by men.<br />A census of cyclists in Calgary, Canada found that 75% of cyclists commuting downtown were male.<br />Why?<br />Women are under-represented in the world of bike racing<br />Women aren’t even allowed to enter the Le Tour de France<br />Winners’ purse favors male races<br />“Unique in the mountain biking industry, the cash purse will be split 50/50 between men and women.”<br />
    28. 28. Bicycling and Empowerment<br />"The bicycle has done more for the emancipation of women than anything else in the world." -Susan B. Anthony, 1896<br />
    29. 29. Bicycling and Empowerment at the End of the 19th Century<br />The bicycle allowed for movement into new spaces<br />Women now had a vessel with which one could not only develop autonomous power<br />Women were now able to leave behind the old reliance upon men for travel<br />The bicycle mandated that women cast off their corsets and figure out some way around their long, billowy skirts<br />
    30. 30. My experiences, my story…<br />Shifting gears<br />Drive<br />Confidence<br />Clinics<br />Girls beefing with girls<br />Agoraphobia<br />
    31. 31. On being a female bike messenger:<br />During my tenure, approx. 5 % of couriers were women<br />Pros:<br />Some companies prefer to hire women<br />Clients have more confidence that females will do it right<br />Building security<br />Cry your way to more work<br />Cons:<br />Believed that women get more work simply because we’re female<br />Lack of confidence when asked to carry big/heavy objects<br />
    32. 32. Riding Safely<br />The law says to ride to the RIGHT as much as possible.<br /><ul><li>But really, the right side of the road can have many obstacles and actually be more dangerous.
    33. 33. there is usually a lot of debris, cracked surfaces, and doors to the right of the road.
    34. 34. Vehicles pulling out of driveways or making turns onto the road you’re traveling on cannot see you early enough
    35. 35. Victims of the “right-hook”
    36. 36. If the lane is too narrow for an automobile to pass you with the required 3-feet, then go ahead and take the entire lane</li></li></ul><li>Riding Safely<br />Communicate and Be Predictable<br />Use hand signals<br />Look other road users in the eye<br />Move to the front of a line of cars at a stop light<br />Wear a helmet<br />Make sure it fits properly<br />
    37. 37. What to Do in Case of a Crash<br />If you’re hurt in a traffic crash, don’t ride away or shake off what seems like a minor injury—you might find later that it’s worse than you thought. Instead:<br />Call the police (911 or 311 or #77). If needed, get medical help immediately. <br />Get the following information from every vehicle: driver name, address, phone number, driver’s license number, license plate number, make of car, insurancecompany name and policy number.<br />Get the names and phone numbers of witnesses.<br />Get the police report number from police on the scene.<br />Write down how the crash happened while it’s fresh in your memory.<br />Keep (or photograph) any damaged clothes or equipment.<br />
    38. 38. What to Do in Case of a Crash<br />Also, if you’re a victim:<br />Don’t get mad at the scene. Keep a level head so you can ask questions and take notes<br />If injured, don’t move unless you’re sure you won’t hurt yourself more.<br />
    39. 39. Your bicycle is your friend. Don’t lose it! Lock it ALWAYS!<br />Lock up your wheels/saddle!<br />Quick release skewers/axel rod<br />Allen key skewers<br />Locking skewers<br />
    40. 40. Lock Through Head Tube or Seat Tube<br />
    41. 41. Locking your bike (cont)<br />Standard bike racks<br />Lock 2 wheels and frame<br />Long-term bike parking<br />BICYCLE COMMUTER AND PARKING EXPANSION AMENDMENT ACT OF 2010 <br />Residential<br />Commercial<br />
    42. 42. Resource Links<br />http://www.dcbac.blogspot.com<br />http://www.waba.org<br />http://www.capitalbikeshare.com<br />http://www.bikesbelong.org<br />http://www.peopleforbikes.org<br />
    43. 43. Questions?<br />Meredith Begin<br />mbegin@umich.edu<br />@biker_mbegin<br />http://meredithbegin.blogspot.com<br />

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