Bashyam Spiro LLP - Hot Topics In Employment Based Immigration

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Bashyam Spiro LLP - Hot Topics In Employment Based Immigration

  1. 1. INDIAN AMERICAN FORUM FOR POLITICAL EDUCATION HOT TOPICS IN EMPLOYMENT-BASED IMMIGRATION Murali Bashyam Bashyam & Spiro, LLP www.bashyamspiro.com
  2. 2. What is PERM? <ul><li>Highlights of PERM: </li></ul><ul><li>Re-engineering of the Labor Certification Process </li></ul><ul><li>Supposed to be a faster, more streamlined process </li></ul><ul><li>Employers must conduct recruitment before applying </li></ul><ul><li>Employers have the option of web-based filing </li></ul><ul><li>Must offer 100% of the prevailing wage </li></ul><ul><li>DOL estimated to make decision within 45-60 days </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>What Happened To The Old Cases? </li></ul><ul><li>Pending cases were transferred to Backlog Reduction Centers (BRC) </li></ul><ul><li>Two BRCs – Dallas and Philadelphia </li></ul><ul><li>BRCs funded for 2 years </li></ul><ul><li>Issue 45-day letters </li></ul><ul><li>No information yet on processing times </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Can I Convert My Old Case To PERM? </li></ul><ul><li>Must meet PERM recruitment requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Must be IDENTICAL application </li></ul><ul><li>Current application considered withdrawn (must re-file within 120 days) </li></ul><ul><li>Re-filed applications may take longer to process than other PERM cases </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Strategic Considerations </li></ul><ul><li>H-1B 7 th Year Extension Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Potential to Lose Priority Date By Re-filing </li></ul><ul><li>(Why is that important?) </li></ul>
  6. 6. EB3 Retrogression <ul><li>What is EB3? (Job does not req. adv. degree) </li></ul><ul><li>Visa Bulletin – India, China, Philippines (6/1/2002) </li></ul><ul><li>Priority date (PD) locked in on filing LC </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot file I-485 adjustment until PD current </li></ul><ul><li>If PERM upgrade denied, lose PD </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Hypothetical: </li></ul><ul><li>Jose’s employer filed a LCert for him on 10/1/2002 </li></ul><ul><li>LCert still pending and has been transferred to BRC </li></ul><ul><li>Jose is from the Philippines and his priority date is 6/2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Jose decides to re-file case under PERM – DENIED </li></ul><ul><li>Jose loses priority date of 10/2002 </li></ul>
  8. 8. 7 th Year H-1B Extensions <ul><li>H-1B status may be extended beyond 6-year max period if: </li></ul><ul><li>at least 365 days have passed since filing a LC; or </li></ul><ul><li>at least 365 days have passed since filing an immigrant (I-140) petition </li></ul><ul><li>Extensions made in 1-yr increments </li></ul><ul><li>If PERM upgrade denied, lose 7 th yr ext </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Hypothetical: </li></ul><ul><li>Joaquin’s six-years on H-1B status exp. 4/1/2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Joaquin’s employer filed LCert for him on 1/1/05 </li></ul><ul><li>The LCert has been transferred to BRC </li></ul><ul><li>Since BRC proc times uncertain, Joaquin asks employer to upgrade the case under PERM </li></ul><ul><li>Employer does so and PERM case is denied </li></ul><ul><li>Since the original LC is considered withdrawn, Joaquin cannot file for 7 year extension </li></ul>
  10. 10. Recapturing H-1B Time <ul><li>Johann’s H-1B 6 th yr exp 2/7/2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Johann’s LCert filed on 2/19/2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Johann took several trips outside the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>to home country in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>When to file? </li></ul><ul><li>What about the 12 days? Recapture Time? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Other H-1B Issues <ul><li>H-1B Cap – FY 2006 Begins 10/1/2005 </li></ul><ul><li>20,000 FY 2005 H-1B – Advanced U.S. Deg </li></ul><ul><li>NO Grace Period After Termination </li></ul>
  12. 12. AC21 Portability <ul><li>180 Day Rule </li></ul><ul><li>Has Your I-485 Been Pending For At Least 180 Days? </li></ul><ul><li>If Yes – Your process May Continue </li></ul><ul><li>If No - Sorry! (Unless…”Forward Looking”) </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Other Portability Issues: </li></ul><ul><li>I-140 must be approved </li></ul><ul><li>Same or similar employment </li></ul><ul><li>Does job location matter? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the new employer willing to take over? </li></ul><ul><li>What if the old employer withdraws the I-140? </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>How Soon Do I Need To Find A Job? </li></ul><ul><li>Before USCIS RFE </li></ul><ul><li>Before USCIS Interview </li></ul><ul><li>Before USCIS Adjudication of I-485 </li></ul>
  15. 15. USCIS Processing Times <ul><li>GETTING FASTER! </li></ul><ul><li>Most EB2/3 I-140 – TSC Processing 2/05 </li></ul><ul><li>TSC Proc I-485 Filed On 4/2003 (Trend is toward faster adjudications) </li></ul><ul><li>Other Proc Times – www.bashyamspiro.com </li></ul>
  16. 16. NIV Visa Issues <ul><li>No more DOS revalidations in U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>In-person interview requirement overseas </li></ul><ul><li>Canada and Mexico Visa Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Some consulates in India – 2-3 mth delay </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Thank You For Your Time </li></ul><ul><li>Murali Bashyam </li></ul><ul><li>Bashyam & Spiro, LLP </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>www.bashyamspiro.com </li></ul><ul><li>919-833-0840 </li></ul>
  18. 18. Disclaimer <ul><li>The information provided at this seminar is of a general nature and may not apply to any particular set of facts or under all circumstances. It should not be construed as legal advice and does not constitute an engagement of the law firm of Bashyam & Spiro, LLP or establish an attorney-client relationship. In no event shall the law firm of Bashyam & Spiro, LLP, its affiliates or content partners be liable for any direct, indirect, punitive, incidental, special or consequential damages arising out of or in any way connected with the use of this Powerpoint presentation and handout.  </li></ul>

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