Benazir Bhutto: Martyr for Democracy

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Slide show about Benazir Bhutto, prime minister of Pakistan from 1988-1990 and 1993-1996.

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Benazir Bhutto: Martyr for Democracy

  1. 1. Benazir Bhutto Martyr for Democracy By: Mackenzie B.
  2. 2. Early Life <ul><li>Born on June 27, 1953, in Karachi, Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Parents: Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and Begum Nusrat Ispahani Bhutto </li></ul><ul><li>Led a very privileged childhood </li></ul><ul><li>Gifted with enabling parents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Her father was a great advocate for democracy and human rights </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Education <ul><li>Entered Harvard at 16 </li></ul><ul><li>Earned B.A. at Radcliffe in 1973 </li></ul><ul><li>Studied at Oxford after Harvard </li></ul><ul><li>Awarded a second degree in 1977 </li></ul><ul><li>First Asian woman president of the Union </li></ul>
  4. 4. A Profound Influence <ul><li>Her father, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto , served as president and prime minister of Pakistan from 1971 to 1977 </li></ul><ul><li>Believed in equality of men and women </li></ul><ul><li>Imprisoned by military days after her arrival home </li></ul><ul><li>Assassinated on the morning of April 4, 1979 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Path to Prime Minister <ul><li>After her father’s death, Ms. Bhutto worked towards her mother becoming the prime minister </li></ul><ul><li>Her mother became very ill with lung cancer, and was also developing Alzheimer’s </li></ul><ul><li>With her mother being ill, Benazir found the whole party (Pakistan People’s Party) was about to collapse, so she stepped in </li></ul><ul><li>It finally struck her that “looking after” her mother meant that she would become the prime minister </li></ul>
  6. 6. A Dream Realized <ul><li>In 1988, at the young age of 35, Ms. Bhutto became prime minister of Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>She was the first woman to hold such an office in an Islamic state </li></ul><ul><li>That dream, however, was short-lived; she was illegally ousted in 1990, having served only half of her full term </li></ul><ul><li>In 1993 she returned and won a second election, but again was illegally dismissed in 1996 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Exile <ul><li>Ms. Bhutto’s brother, Mir Musrtaza, leveled charges of corruption at her husband, Asif Ali Zardari </li></ul><ul><li>Her husband was imprisoned </li></ul><ul><li>She and her children lived in self-imposed exile for nine years </li></ul><ul><li>They lived in London, New York, and Dubai, where she continued to advocate the restoration of democracy in Pakistan </li></ul>
  8. 8. Return to Pakistan <ul><li>In 2007, amid death threats and the hostility of the government, she returned to her native Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Benazir’s husband, Asif, and their two daughters remained in Dubai </li></ul><ul><li>On October 18, 2007, Ms. Bhutto stepped off the plane and onto Pakistani soil, overcome with emotion </li></ul><ul><li>Benazir’s husband’s requests for bulletproof vehicles had been denied, as well as many other provisions to keep her safe </li></ul><ul><li>From the beginning of the caravan, a group of brave, unarmed young men in white T-shirts surrounded her truck and held hands, making a human shield to protect her with their bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Mere hours after arriving in Karachi, a suicide bomber attacked her motorcade; she survived the first assassination attempt, but more than 100 bystanders were killed </li></ul>
  9. 9. Martyrdom <ul><li>National elections were scheduled for January of 2008, where Benazir was poised for victory where she would once again become prime minister </li></ul><ul><li>Only a few weeks before the election, December 27, 2007, extremists struck again; after a campaign rally in Rawilpindi, a gunman fired at her car, shooting her in the neck </li></ul><ul><li>She fell back into the vehicle and a bomb detonated almost immediately, killing the gunman himself and more than 20 bystanders </li></ul><ul><li>Ms. Bhutto was rushed to the hospital, but soon succumbed to injuries suffered from the attack </li></ul>
  10. 10. Conclusion <ul><li>During her time as prime minister, Ms. Bhutto accomplished many things: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brought electricity to the countryside </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Built schools all over the country </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Made hunger, housing, and health care her top priorities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>She truly was an inspiration. Her death is a devastating loss to her country and cause, but her memory will live on, and she will be remembered as one of the most courageous and determined people of our time. </li></ul>

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