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IOT for Smart City

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Invited Talk at Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

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IOT for Smart City

  1. 1. INTERNET OF THINGS FOR SMART CITY Dr. Mazlan Abbas CEO - REDtone IOT Sdn Bhd Email: mazlan.abbas@redtone.com March 4, 2016
  2. 2. Let’s Begin with GAME #1
  3. 3. MOBILE APPLICATION 1. Download CitiAct from Google Play or App Store 2. Register using your email 3. Snap a Photo of the Presenter 4. Select Category “Homeless Person” 5. Write a description – “BETTER CITY BETTER WORLD” 6. Click Submit 7. The First 3 users that have correctphoto, category and description will win a T-Shirt (* One Winner Can Win One T-Shirt ONLY)
  4. 4. WHAT DO THEY HAVE IN COMMON?
  5. 5. HOW BIG IS THE IOT MARKET? By 2016 Gartner predicts 6.4 billion devices will be connected to the internet -- and 5.5 million new 'things' will join them each day. 63 devices connected every second
  6. 6. SIZING THE MARKET – YEAR 2020 34 BILLION There will be 24 Billion IoT devices and 10 Billion traditional computing devices [Source: Business Insider, 2016]
  7. 7. IOT ECOSYSTEM Command / RFI Analysis Remote Analytics / Data Storage IoT Devices Internet Gateway
  8. 8. MARKET OPPORTUNITY Application Development System Integration Data Storage Connectivity Device Hardware Security $ 0 $ 1 $ 2 $ 3 USD (Trillions) Amount Spent 2015- 2020
  9. 9. 3 MARKET ENTITIES • 5B Devices Installed By 2020 • $900M Spent (2015- 2020) • $400 ROI (2015-2025) • 7.7B Devices Installed By 2020 • $2.1B Spent (2015- 2020) • $4.7B ROI (2015-2025) • 11.2B Devices Installed By 2020 • $3B Spent (2015-2020) • $7.6B ROI (2015-2025) Consumers Government Businesses
  10. 10. ENVIRONMENTS Manufacturing 35% of manufacturers already use smart sensors. 10% plan to implement them within a year, and 8% plan to implement them within 3 years, according to PwC Transportation Connected cars are a top IoT device. We estimate there will be over 220M connected cars on the road by 2020. Defense We estimate spendingon drones will reach $8.7B in 2020. In addition, 126K military robots will be shipped in 2020, according to Frost & Sullivan. Agriculture We estimate 75M IoT devices will be shipped for agricultural uses in 2020, at a 20% CAGR. These devices are primary sensors placed in soil to track acidity levels, temperature, and variables that help farmers increase crop yields. Oil, gas, and mining 35% of manufacturers already use smart sensors. 10% plan to implement hem within a year, and 8% plan to implement them within 3 years, according to PwC Insurance 35% of manufacturers already use smart sensors. 10% plan to implement hem within a year, and 8% plan to implement them within 3 years, according to PwC Connected Home 35% of manufacturers already use smart sensors. 10% plan to implement hem within a year, and 8% plan to implement them within 3 years, according to PwC Food Services 35% of manufacturers already use smart sensors. 10% plan to implement hem within a year, and 8% plan to implement them within 3 years, according to PwC
  11. 11. ENVIRONMENTS Infrastructure We estimate municipalities worldwide will increase their spendingon IoT systems at a 30% CAGR, from $36B in 2014 to $133B in 2019. This investment will generate $421B in economic value for cities worldwide in 2019. Retail Beacons, paired with mobile apps, are being used in stores to monitor customer behavior and push advertisements to customers. In the US, we estimate $44.4B will be generated from beacon triggered messages. Logistics Trackingsensors placed on parcels and shipping containers will help reduce costs associated to lost or damaged goods. In addition, robots such as Amazon Kiva robot, help reduce labor costs in warehouses. Banks There are nearly 3M ATMs installed globally in 2015, according the World Bank. Some teller- assist ATMs provide live-stream video of a teller for added customer support. Utilities Energy companies throughout the world are trying to meet the rising demand in energy. To do this, they will be installing nearly 1 B smart meters by 2020. Hospitality 31% of hotels use next-generation door locks, 33% have room control devices, 16% have connected TVs, and 15% use beacons throughout the hotel, according to Hospitality Technology’s 2015 Lodging Technology survey. Healthcare We estimate 646M IoT devices will be used for healthcare by 2020. Connected healthcare devices can collect data, automate processes, and more. But these devices can also be hacked, thereby posing a threat to the patients who rely on them. Smart Buildings 43% of buildingmanagers in the US believe the IoT will affect how they run their building within the next 2 to 3 years, according to a survey from Daintree Networks.
  12. 12. IOT – BASICS TO ADVANCED SERVICES Monitor Autonomous OptimizeControl
  13. 13. IOT BENEFITS Improve Efficiency Reduce Costs Create Innovative Products New Revenue Streams
  14. 14. Security and Privacy of data Managing vast amounts of data Fragmented industry Finding the right business model WHAT ARE THE BUSINESS CHALLENGES
  15. 15. FIVE BIG REASONS WE FOCUS ON CITIES 1. More than half the world lives in cities. 2. By 2050, 70% of the world’s population will live in cities. 3. More than 60% of cities have yet to be built. 4. Cities have been the center of civilization, life, and knowledge for centuries. 5. Cities are at the forefront of global innovation.
  16. 16. Quality of Life Better usage of public resources Reduce operational costs CITIES WILL BE THE ENGINE OF OUR ECONOMY
  17. 17. “WHAT IS OUR CITY’S HEALTH INDEX?” HOW DO WE MEASURE OUR CITY?
  18. 18. What is Your Pulse Rate? WHAT-IF YOU CAN CAPTURE MORE THAN YOUR PULSE RATE?
  19. 19. The 150 Days of My Life Life-Logging
  20. 20. MAKING SENSE OF DATA … BUT WHAT CITY DATA? THE GOLD RUSH
  21. 21. Wisdom Knowledge Information Data More Important Less Important Evaluated understanding Appreciation of Answers to questions. Symbols Understanding Answers to questions WHO WHY HOW WHAT WHERE WHEN VALUE IS CREATED BY MAKING SENSE OF DATA VALUE PYRAMID
  22. 22. Wisdom Knowledge Information Data More Important Less Important N/A 12-inch, 8mm etc Understanding EXAMPLE – FLOOD MONITORING What is the water level in the river? When does the river swell up? Where is the location of water rise? Who control the water dam? How to control the water level? How fast is the water rising? Why is the water rising? Who Benefits? - Citizens / Emergency Centers / Environmental
  23. 23. HOW-TO PROVIDE A SMART CITY SOLUTIONS? HOW-TO
  24. 24. BUILDING 3 TYPES OF CITIES ROI-driven Carbon-driven Vanity-driven
  25. 25. DATA OWNERSHIPS Personal / Household Private Public Commercial Sensor Data Provider
  26. 26. Home Health Transport OfficeWaste WHAT-IF – WE CAN DO DATA BLENDING Creating New Compound Applications
  27. 27. Citizen-Focused Smart City For city leaders wanting to pursue a smart city agenda, citizen inclusion is critical
  28. 28. Building Trust Citizens encounter good customer service across government channels
  29. 29. VISION OF THE CITY OF THE FUTURE Open source and open data Make visible the invisible Sensing the city Provide tools for the citizens to interpret and change the workings of the city Technology may help mitigate the “black hole” problem. The goal is to make decisions in real time as events or emergencies occur, mitigating their impact on the daily lives of city’s residents while making sure the city’s budget is used as effectively and efficiently as possible.
  30. 30. TO OVERCOME 3 KEY CHALLENGES Integrating data from multiple sources Automating the collection of data Analyzing data to effectively identify actionable insights
  31. 31. “We are now at the point of moving from purchasing a product to subscribing to a service”
  32. 32. Single Infrastructure • Multiple Usage BENEFITS OF SENSING-AS-A-SERVICE Harnessing the Creativity Rapid Deployment Sustainable Business Model Assisting Scientific Community IOT Cloud
  33. 33. CROWDSENSING GETTING INSIGHTS FROM CITIZENS AS THE “SENSORS”
  34. 34. SMARTPHONE AS “SENSING ASSISTANT” Sensors: Camera – “Eyes” Audio – “Ears” Accelerometer – “Speed” GPS – “Location” Gyroscope – “Movement” Compass – “Direction” Proximity – “Closeness” Ambient light – “Eyes” Others…
  35. 35. NOISETUBE – CROWDSOURCING OF POLLUTION DATA USING SMARTPHONES. WHAT MOTIVATES? • Citizens and Communities concerned with noise • Measure your daily sound exposure in dB(A) with your mobile phone • Tag noisy sources to inform the community about them • Visualize and contribute your measurements on a • Compare your experience • Local governments / city planners • Improve decision-making by understanding local and global noise pollution in your city using maps and statistics • Get immediate feedback and opinions to and from citizens • Researchers • Get access to and analyze (anonymized) collective noise data • Find out what is important in soundscape perception • Developers • Use the environmental sensor web API to do your own web mash-ups
  36. 36. 1. Combining it with magnetic data from other sources, we hope to create near- real-time models of Earth's time changing magnetic field to aid navigation. 2. Mapping static magnetic noise sources (for e.g. power transformer and iron pipes) could potentially improve accuracy of the magnetic navigation systems. CrowdMag
  37. 37. SMARTCITIZEN.ME
  38. 38. DATA CANVAS [Source: http://map.datacanvas.org/ ]
  39. 39. CITIZEN ENGAGEMENT BUILDING SMART CITIES VIA
  40. 40. EVERY DAY'S PROBLEMS WHAT WOULD YOU DO?
  41. 41. Ad Hoc Chaotic Unmanaged SMS Whatsapp Facebook Twitter Radio TV
  42. 42. BE THE EYES OF THE CITY REPORT TO THE LOCAL COUNCILS
  43. 43. riot.com.my SAVES TIME TO REPORT A PICTURE IS WORTH A 1000 WORDS www.citisense.com
  44. 44. Let’s Continue with GAME #2
  45. 45. MOBILE APPLICATION 1. Download CitiAct from Google Play or App Store 2. Register using your email 3. Snap a Photo of Your Hand 4. Select Category “Fire” 5. Write a description – “REDtone IOT” 6. Click Submit 7. The First 3 users that have correctphoto, category and description will win a T-Shirt (* One Winner Can Win One T-Shirt ONLY)
  46. 46. MOBILE APPLICATION
  47. 47. CitiAct Case Management System (CMS)
  48. 48. Citiact Dashboard
  49. 49. BETTER PLANNING • BETTER RESOURCE
  50. 50. DRAINAGE ISSUES – CAUSE OF FLASH FLOOD?
  51. 51. CORRELATE SEVERAL DATASETS Examples • Relationship between Dengue Cases with drainage issues, mosquito larvae, weather • Relationship between Leptospirosis (Penyakit Kencing Tikus) with unattended garbage, weather, etc
  52. 52. www.citisense.com RATE YOUR CAMPUS ROADS ROADSENSE @ UKM
  53. 53. CRIME AREAS FLASH FLOODS NOISE LEVEL ROAD QUALITY PROFILING OUR CITIES GAINING INSIGHTS • OPTIMISING RESOURCES
  54. 54. IoT in Smart City Environmental Monitoring Multiple Sensors Outdoor Parking Management Parking sensors River Monitoring Water Quality and Flood Warning Traffic Intensity Monitoring Devices located at main entrance of city Guidance to free parking lots Panels located at intersections Smart Citizen Crowdsensing Smart Waste Management Sensors in waste bins and garbage trucks • Temperature • CO • Noise • Car Presence • Ferromagnetic sensors • Water level • Weather • Flow sensor • pH sensor • Measure main traffic parameters • Traffic volumes • Road occupancy • Vehicle speed • Queue Length • Taking information retrieved by the deployed parking sensors in order to guide drivers towards the available free parking lots • GPS • Infra-red sensors • User generated feedback with smartphones that help to make cities better
  55. 55. www.citisense.com CARING LOCAL COUNCIL BETTER CITY • BETTER WORLD
  56. 56. MOBILE APPLICATION Open Data Smartphone Users Social Media Users PORTAL CITISENSE.COM CASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM DASHBOARD CITISENSE.COM – YOUR SMART CITY HUB
  57. 57. Smart Parking Smart Waste Management Smart Street Light Smart Transportation Open Data Parking Garbage Collection Lighting Public Transport Smartphone Users Smart City Hub Social Media IOT Applications Sensor Data Users CitiAct CITISENSE.COM – BEYOND CITIZEN ENGAGEMENT
  58. 58. THE GROWTH IN SMART CITIZENS
  59. 59. SMART BENCHES IN LONDON Air Quality Sensors Noise Sensors USB Ports Wireless Chargers [Source: http://cities-today.com/smart-benches-launched-in-london/ }
  60. 60. CHANGES IN THE LAW DO NOT ADAPT AS QUICKLY AS TECHNOLOGY CHANGES BEHAVIOR The law says, once a pothole is reported, the city is responsible for any damage a car experiences — once it’s officially reported.
  61. 61. “It's fine to have SOCIAL MEDIA that connects us with old friends, but we need tools that help us discover new people and new ways to make life better as well”
  62. 62. THANK YOU @REDtoneIOTREDtoneIOT • EMAIL: mazlan.abbas@redtone.com • TWITTER: @mazlan_abbas • FACEBOOK: www.facebook.com/drmazlanabbas • LINKEDIN: my.linkedin.com/in/mazlan/ • SLIDESHARE: www.slideshare.net/mazlan1 • ABOUT ME: about.me/mazlan.abbas

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