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Internet of Things (IOT) 
Benefits for the Ummah 
Keynote Address 
Dr. Mazlan Abbas 
CEO, REDtone IOT 
INFORMATION AND COM...
Agenda 
• The World Has Become Smarter 
• The Need for Internet of Things (IOT) 
• Monetizing the Data – The New Source of...
More Connected Devices Than People 
6.3 Billion 
6.8 Billion 
7.2 Billion 
7.6 Billion 
500 Million 
12.5 Billion 
25 Bill...
Smart, connected things offer exponentially 
Building 
expanding opportunities 
Smarter 
World 
Value 
Compete 
Boundaries...
The changing nature of products is also disrupting value chains, 
forcing companies to rethink and retool nearly everythin...
Poses A New Set of Strategic Choices 
How value is created and captured? 
How the amount of new (and sensitive) data 
is u...
What makes smart, connected products fundamentally 
different is not the Internet, but the changing nature of the 
“things...
The Need to Connect Assets/Objects/Things 
Monitoring of Assets – Typical Everyday 
I need to 
maintain the 
quality of my...
What Are Smart, Connected Products (Things)? 
Physical!compon 
ents) 
comprise)the) 
product’s) 
mechanical)and) 
electric...
Connectivity Serves Dual Purpose 
It allows information to be exchanged between 
the product and its operating environment...
What Can Smart, Connected Things Do? 
Monitoring) 
Control) 
Op6mize) 
Autonomy)
Reducing over-engineering 
Monitoring – Operations & Usage 
Market 
segmentation 
After-sale service 
The product’s condit...
Control - Personalization 
“if pressure gets too high, shut off the valve” 
“when traffic queue reaches a certain level, 
...
Optimization – Enhance Performance 
Smart, connected products can apply algorithms 
and analytics to in-use or historical ...
Self-Coordination, 
Autonomous 
Self-diagnosis and service
44x 
2009 
800,000 petabytes 
2020 
as much Data and Content 35 zettabytes 
Over Coming Decade 
80% Of world’s data 
is un...
Monetizing the Sensor Data 
New Source of Revenue Growth
Wisdom 
Knowledge 
Information 
Data 
More 
Important 
Less 
Important 
Evaluated understanding 
Appreciation of 
Answers ...
Example – Hajj & Umrah IOT Scenario 
Wisdom 
Evaluated understanding 
NA 
Understanding 
Appreciation of “why” 
Why people...
What’s Driving Internet of Things? 
Sensors)&) 
Actuators) Connec6vity) People)&) 
Processes)
Compound Applications within their own vertical and across industries
[Source: National Internet of Things Strategic Initiatives, Helmi Halim, Asia M2M Asia Business Platform, 3-4 Nov. 2014]
The New Meaning for “SaaS” 
SENSING-AS-A-SERVICE
Sensor Classification Scheme Based on Ownership 
All personal items, such as mobile phones, 
wrist watches, spectacles, la...
iot! 
• Improved) 
performance) 
• Reduced)costs) 
• Create) 
innova6ve) 
services) 
• New)revenue) 
stream) 
Connect & 
A...
RIOT TransformerTM 
Storage 
Rules 
Engine 
IOT Application 
Management 
Data 
Pull 
Data 
Push 
Data 
Push 
Data 
Pull 
L...
Sensing-as-a-Service : The New IOT Business Model 
Sensors and Sensor Owners 
(Personal, Private, Public & 
Commercial) 
I...
IoT commercial sensors on lamp posts across the city. 
(Example) 
Gathering temperature, light, pressure, humidity and pol...
Sensing-As-A-Service 
BENEFITS
Harnessing the 
of the Application Developers
Built-in Cloud Computing – “Pay-per-Use”
Participatory Sensing - “Rapid deployment”
Sharing and Reusing – “Free or Paid”
Reduction of Data Acquisition Cost – “Sustainable Business 
Model”
Collect Data Previously Unavailable – “Assist scientific 
community or survey activities”
IoT Applications - Examples
Crowdsensing)–)GeIng)Insights)
Smartphone as Your “Sensing Assistant” 
Sensors: 
• Camera – “Eyes” 
• Audio – “Ears” 
• Accelerometer – 
“Speed” 
• GPS –...
NoiseTube – Crowdsourcing of Pollution Data Using 
Smartphones. What Motivates? 
• Citizens and Communities concerned with...
The 150 Days 
of My Life
Start)With)a)Small)Smart)City)Concept) 
SMART)PARKING)TO)SMART)CITY)
30% of all traffic in the average city center is 
searching for an available parking spot. 
Reduce the motorist 
frustrati...
Environmental 
Monitoring 
2000 Sensors 
Santander) 
Testbed) 
Outdoor Parking 
Management 
400 parking sensors 
Mobile 
E...
Crea6ng)an)IOT)EcoOSystem)for)Malaysia)(Smart)City)) 
Why Smart City? 
1. Due to scale and heterogeneity of 
the environme...
IoT Technology Stack 
[Source: How Smart, Connected Products Are Transforming Competition, Harvard Business Review, Nov. 2...
Crea6ng)an)IOT)EcoOSystem)for)Malaysia)(Smart)City)) 
• No longer an infrastructure game 
– Software and Apps 
• IoT Adopt...
THANK 
YOU 
• EMAIL: mazlan@gmail.com 
• TWITTER: mazlan_abbas 
• FACEBOOK: www.facebook.com/drmazlanabbas 
• LINKEDIN: my...
Capabilities of Smart, Connected Products 
• The product’s condition 
• The external environment 
• The product’s operatio...
THANK 
YOU 
• EMAIL: mazlan@gmail.com 
• TWITTER: mazlan_abbas 
• FACEBOOK: 
www.facebook.com/drmazlanabbas 
• LINKEDIN: m...
Internet of Things - Benefits for the Ummah
Internet of Things - Benefits for the Ummah
Internet of Things - Benefits for the Ummah
Internet of Things - Benefits for the Ummah
Internet of Things - Benefits for the Ummah
Internet of Things - Benefits for the Ummah
Internet of Things - Benefits for the Ummah
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Internet of Things - Benefits for the Ummah

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Keynote Address at ICT for the Muslim World (ICT4M) 2014 at Kuching, Malaysia
17 Nov. 2014.

Published in: Technology, Internet

Internet of Things - Benefits for the Ummah

  1. Internet of Things (IOT) Benefits for the Ummah Keynote Address Dr. Mazlan Abbas CEO, REDtone IOT INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY FOR THE MUSLIMS WORLD (ICT4M) 2014
  2. Agenda • The World Has Become Smarter • The Need for Internet of Things (IOT) • Monetizing the Data – The New Source of Revenue Growth • What is IoT? • Sensing-as-a-Service – The New Business Model • The Importance of An IoT Eco-System • Summary
  3. More Connected Devices Than People 6.3 Billion 6.8 Billion 7.2 Billion 7.6 Billion 500 Million 12.5 Billion 25 Billion 50 Billion World Population Connected Devices Connected Devices Per Person 0.08 1.84 3.47 6.58 2003 2010 2015 2020 More connected devices than people [Source: Cisco IBSG, April 2011]
  4. Smart, connected things offer exponentially Building expanding opportunities Smarter World Value Compete Boundaries Cut across and transcend traditional product boundaries. !
  5. The changing nature of products is also disrupting value chains, forcing companies to rethink and retool nearly everything they do internally.
  6. Poses A New Set of Strategic Choices How value is created and captured? How the amount of new (and sensitive) data is utilized and managed? How relationships with traditional business partners such as channels are redefined? What roles companies should play as industry boundaries are expanded?
  7. What makes smart, connected products fundamentally different is not the Internet, but the changing nature of the “things” and business.
  8. The Need to Connect Assets/Objects/Things Monitoring of Assets – Typical Everyday I need to maintain the quality of my goods. Who is the intruder? Can I reduce my electricity bill? Am I healthy? When is my next bus? Where can I park? Questions What IF we can connect ALL these assets and get the answers to ALL these questions?
  9. What Are Smart, Connected Products (Things)? Physical!compon ents) comprise)the) product’s) mechanical)and) electrical)parts.) Smart) components) amplify)the) capabili6es)and) value)of)the) physical) components) Connec2vity) components) amplifies)the) capabili6es)and) value)of)the)smart) components)and) enables)some)of) them)to)exist) outside)the) physical)product) itself.)
  10. Connectivity Serves Dual Purpose It allows information to be exchanged between the product and its operating environment, its maker, its users, and other products and systems. Connectivity enables some functions of the product to exist outside the physical device, in what is known as the product cloud.
  11. What Can Smart, Connected Things Do? Monitoring) Control) Op6mize) Autonomy)
  12. Reducing over-engineering Monitoring – Operations & Usage Market segmentation After-sale service The product’s condition The external environment
  13. Control - Personalization “if pressure gets too high, shut off the valve” “when traffic queue reaches a certain level, turn the traffic lights red or green” “when there is no people or cars, turn the overhead lighting on or off”)
  14. Optimization – Enhance Performance Smart, connected products can apply algorithms and analytics to in-use or historical data to dramatically improve output, utilization, and efficiency. Real-time monitoring data on product condition and product control capability enables firms to optimize service by performing preventative maintenance when failure is imminent and accomplishing repairs remotely, thereby reducing product downtime and the need to dispatch repair personnel Even when on-site repair is required, advance information about what is broken, what parts are needed, and how to accomplish the fix reduces service costs and improves first-time fix rates.
  15. Self-Coordination, Autonomous Self-diagnosis and service
  16. 44x 2009 800,000 petabytes 2020 as much Data and Content 35 zettabytes Over Coming Decade 80% Of world’s data is unstructured
  17. Monetizing the Sensor Data New Source of Revenue Growth
  18. Wisdom Knowledge Information Data More Important Less Important Evaluated understanding Appreciation of Answers to questions. Symbols Understanding Answers to questions Value is Created By Making Sense of Data WHO WHY HOW WHAT WHERE WHEN
  19. Example – Hajj & Umrah IOT Scenario Wisdom Evaluated understanding NA Understanding Appreciation of “why” Why people have problems finding their maktab? Why the transport is not efficient? Knowledge Answers to “how” questions How to make the transport more efficient? How to find the missing Pilgrims? How to move Pilgrims faster? Information Answers to “who”, “what”, “where” and “when” questions Who is missing? What happen to the transport? Where is the pilgrim? Where is the exit door? When is peak period? Data Symbols Empty (0), Full (1) Value Who Benefits? – Pilgrims, Pilgrim Operators, Mosques, Macca, Medina, etc
  20. What’s Driving Internet of Things? Sensors)&) Actuators) Connec6vity) People)&) Processes)
  21. Compound Applications within their own vertical and across industries
  22. [Source: National Internet of Things Strategic Initiatives, Helmi Halim, Asia M2M Asia Business Platform, 3-4 Nov. 2014]
  23. The New Meaning for “SaaS” SENSING-AS-A-SERVICE
  24. Sensor Classification Scheme Based on Ownership All personal items, such as mobile phones, wrist watches, spectacles, laptops, soft drinks, food items and household items, such as televisions, cameras, microwaves, washing machines, etc Private business organization has the right to take the decision whether to publish the sensors attached to those items to the cloud or not. Public infrastructure such as bridges, roads, parks, etc. All the sensors deployed by the government will be published in the cloud depending on government policies. Business entities who deploy and manage sensors by themselves by keeping ownership. They earn by publishing the sensors and sensor data they own through sensor publishers. Personal and Households Commercial Sensor Data Providers Organizations PrivatePublic [Source: “Sensing as a Service Model for Smart Cities Supported by Internet of Things”, Charith Perera et. al., Transactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technology, 2014]
  25. iot! • Improved) performance) • Reduced)costs) • Create) innova6ve) services) • New)revenue) stream) Connect & Aggregate! Quantify! Transform! IOT Platform & Cloud Actionable Insights Business Process Integration
  26. RIOT TransformerTM Storage Rules Engine IOT Application Management Data Pull Data Push Data Push Data Pull Link Between Ecosystem Stakeholders
  27. Sensing-as-a-Service : The New IOT Business Model Sensors and Sensor Owners (Personal, Private, Public & Commercial) IOT Applications / Developers IOT Service Provider (with localized analytics) Aggregated IOT Service Provider (with aggregated analytics) Sensors Data Consumers IOT Service Delivery Platform Customers iot! (With Computation, Storage and Analytics)
  28. IoT commercial sensors on lamp posts across the city. (Example) Gathering temperature, light, pressure, humidity and pollution. One scenario could be as such: • The city would pay for access to the light sensors in order to decide when to turn on and off the street lights • A university may want access to the pollution information for research purposes for a limited period • The weather department would want the temperature and pressure data • The street town council center would want the temperature and humidity data for planning during rough weather
  29. Sensing-As-A-Service BENEFITS
  30. Harnessing the of the Application Developers
  31. Built-in Cloud Computing – “Pay-per-Use”
  32. Participatory Sensing - “Rapid deployment”
  33. Sharing and Reusing – “Free or Paid”
  34. Reduction of Data Acquisition Cost – “Sustainable Business Model”
  35. Collect Data Previously Unavailable – “Assist scientific community or survey activities”
  36. IoT Applications - Examples
  37. Crowdsensing)–)GeIng)Insights)
  38. Smartphone as Your “Sensing Assistant” Sensors: • Camera – “Eyes” • Audio – “Ears” • Accelerometer – “Speed” • GPS – “Location” • Gyroscope – “Movement” • Compass – “Direction” • Proximity – “Closeness” • Ambient light – “Eyes” • Others… Crowdsourcing Via Crowdsensing Context 1. Spatial – Location / Speed Orientation 2. Temporal – Time / Duration 3. Environmental – Temperature / Light / Noise Level 4. User Characterization – Activity (Mobility Pattern) / Social (Friends, Interactions) 5. Resource Availability – Storage / Memory / Computational / Battery
  39. NoiseTube – Crowdsourcing of Pollution Data Using Smartphones. What Motivates? • Citizens and Communities concerned with noise • Measure your daily sound exposure in dB(A) with your mobile phone • Tag noisy sources to inform the community about them • Visualize your measurements on a map and contribute to the creation of collective, city-wide noise maps • Compare your experience with that of others • Local governments / city planners • Improve decision-making by understanding local and global noise pollution in your city using maps and statistics • Get immediate feedback and opinions from citizens • Give immediate feedback to citizens • Researchers • Get access to and analyze (anonymized) collective noise data • Find out what is important in soundscape perception • Developers • Extend our mobile app in whichever way you see fit • Use our environmental sensor web API to do your own web mashups [Note: See Google Map View]
  40. The 150 Days of My Life
  41. Start)With)a)Small)Smart)City)Concept) SMART)PARKING)TO)SMART)CITY)
  42. 30% of all traffic in the average city center is searching for an available parking spot. Reduce the motorist frustration. Real time and reliable. Authorized use of parking. Locate cars that have overstayed Efficient surveillance routes . Optimize parking utilization.
  43. Environmental Monitoring 2000 Sensors Santander) Testbed) Outdoor Parking Management 400 parking sensors Mobile Environmental Monitoring 150 sensors installed in public vehicles Traffic Intensity Monitoring 60 devices located at main entrance of city • Moisture temperature • Humidity • Pluviometer (rain gauge) • Anemometer (wind-speed) Parks and Gardens Irrigation 50 devices in 2 green zones Guidance to free parking lots 10 panels located at intersections • Temperature • CO • Noise • Car Presence • Ferromagnetic sensors • Temperature • CO • Noise • Car Presence • Measure main traffic parameters • Traffic volumes • Road occupancy • Vehicle speed • Queue Length • Taking information retrieved by the deployed parking sensors in order to guide drivers towards the available free parking lots SMART CITY
  44. Crea6ng)an)IOT)EcoOSystem)for)Malaysia)(Smart)City)) Why Smart City? 1. Due to scale and heterogeneity of the environment 2. Ideal ground for enabling a broad range of very different experiments 3. A huge number of challenging requirements 4. A variety of problem and application domains 5. Allows evaluation of social acceptance of IoT technologies and services via real world pilots 6. An excellent catalyst for IoT research! Application Developers IOT Cloud Device Players Universities Researchers Stakeholders REDtone)In)Search)of)The)Right)Partners)
  45. IoT Technology Stack [Source: How Smart, Connected Products Are Transforming Competition, Harvard Business Review, Nov. 2014]
  46. Crea6ng)an)IOT)EcoOSystem)for)Malaysia)(Smart)City)) • No longer an infrastructure game – Software and Apps • IoT Adoption - Technology might not be the stumbling block – Right Business Models • Internet of Things (IoT) is NOT a single player game – Ecosystem
  47. THANK YOU • EMAIL: mazlan@gmail.com • TWITTER: mazlan_abbas • FACEBOOK: www.facebook.com/drmazlanabbas • LINKEDIN: my.linkedin.com/in/mazlan/ • SLIDESHARE: www.slideshare.net/mazlan1 • ABOUT ME: about.me/mazlan.abbas
  48. Capabilities of Smart, Connected Products • The product’s condition • The external environment • The product’s operations and usage Monitoring Control• Control of product functions • Personalization of the user experience Optimization• Enhance product performance • Allow predictive diagnostics, service and repair • Autonomous product operation • Self-coordination operation with other products • Autonomous product enhancement and personalization • Self-diagnosis and service Autonomous
  49. THANK YOU • EMAIL: mazlan@gmail.com • TWITTER: mazlan_abbas • FACEBOOK: www.facebook.com/drmazlanabbas • LINKEDIN: my.linkedin.com/in/mazlan/ • SLIDESHARE: www.slideshare.net/mazlan1 • ABOUT ME: about.me/mazlan.abbas

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