Internet of Things (IOT) Benefits
for the Ummah Keynote Address Dr. Mazlan Abbas CEO, REDtone IOT INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY FOR THE MUSLIMS WORLD (ICT4M) 2014
Agenda • The World Has
Become Smarter • The Need for Internet of Things (IOT) • Monetizing the Data – The New Source of Revenue Growth • What is IoT? • Sensing-as-a-Service – The New Business Model • The Importance of An IoT Eco-System • Summary
More Connected Devices Than People
6.3 Billion 6.8 Billion 7.2 Billion 7.6 Billion 500 Million 12.5 Billion 25 Billion 50 Billion World Population Connected Devices Connected Devices Per Person 0.08 1.84 3.47 6.58 2003 2010 2015 2020 More connected devices than people [Source: Cisco IBSG, April 2011]
Poses A New Set of
Strategic Choices How value is created and captured? How the amount of new (and sensitive) data is utilized and managed? How relationships with traditional business partners such as channels are redefined? What roles companies should play as industry boundaries are expanded?
The Need to Connect Assets/Objects/Things
Monitoring of Assets – Typical Everyday I need to maintain the quality of my goods. Who is the intruder? Can I reduce my electricity bill? Am I healthy? When is my next bus? Where can I park? Questions What IF we can connect ALL these assets and get the answers to ALL these questions?
Connectivity Serves Dual Purpose It
allows information to be exchanged between the product and its operating environment, its maker, its users, and other products and systems. Connectivity enables some functions of the product to exist outside the physical device, in what is known as the product cloud.
Control - Personalization “if pressure
gets too high, shut off the valve” “when traffic queue reaches a certain level, turn the traffic lights red or green” “when there is no people or cars, turn the overhead lighting on or off”)
Optimization – Enhance Performance Smart,
connected products can apply algorithms and analytics to in-use or historical data to dramatically improve output, utilization, and efficiency. Real-time monitoring data on product condition and product control capability enables firms to optimize service by performing preventative maintenance when failure is imminent and accomplishing repairs remotely, thereby reducing product downtime and the need to dispatch repair personnel Even when on-site repair is required, advance information about what is broken, what parts are needed, and how to accomplish the fix reduces service costs and improves first-time fix rates.
Wisdom Knowledge Information Data More
Important Less Important Evaluated understanding Appreciation of Answers to questions. Symbols Understanding Answers to questions Value is Created By Making Sense of Data WHO WHY HOW WHAT WHERE WHEN
Example – Hajj & Umrah
IOT Scenario Wisdom Evaluated understanding NA Understanding Appreciation of “why” Why people have problems finding their maktab? Why the transport is not efficient? Knowledge Answers to “how” questions How to make the transport more efficient? How to find the missing Pilgrims? How to move Pilgrims faster? Information Answers to “who”, “what”, “where” and “when” questions Who is missing? What happen to the transport? Where is the pilgrim? Where is the exit door? When is peak period? Data Symbols Empty (0), Full (1) Value Who Benefits? – Pilgrims, Pilgrim Operators, Mosques, Macca, Medina, etc
Sensor Classification Scheme Based on
Ownership All personal items, such as mobile phones, wrist watches, spectacles, laptops, soft drinks, food items and household items, such as televisions, cameras, microwaves, washing machines, etc Private business organization has the right to take the decision whether to publish the sensors attached to those items to the cloud or not. Public infrastructure such as bridges, roads, parks, etc. All the sensors deployed by the government will be published in the cloud depending on government policies. Business entities who deploy and manage sensors by themselves by keeping ownership. They earn by publishing the sensors and sensor data they own through sensor publishers. Personal and Households Commercial Sensor Data Providers Organizations PrivatePublic [Source: “Sensing as a Service Model for Smart Cities Supported by Internet of Things”, Charith Perera et. al., Transactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technology, 2014]
Sensing-as-a-Service : The New IOT
Business Model Sensors and Sensor Owners (Personal, Private, Public & Commercial) IOT Applications / Developers IOT Service Provider (with localized analytics) Aggregated IOT Service Provider (with aggregated analytics) Sensors Data Consumers IOT Service Delivery Platform Customers iot! (With Computation, Storage and Analytics)
IoT commercial sensors on lamp
posts across the city. (Example) Gathering temperature, light, pressure, humidity and pollution. One scenario could be as such: • The city would pay for access to the light sensors in order to decide when to turn on and off the street lights • A university may want access to the pollution information for research purposes for a limited period • The weather department would want the temperature and pressure data • The street town council center would want the temperature and humidity data for planning during rough weather
NoiseTube – Crowdsourcing of Pollution
Data Using Smartphones. What Motivates? • Citizens and Communities concerned with noise • Measure your daily sound exposure in dB(A) with your mobile phone • Tag noisy sources to inform the community about them • Visualize your measurements on a map and contribute to the creation of collective, city-wide noise maps • Compare your experience with that of others • Local governments / city planners • Improve decision-making by understanding local and global noise pollution in your city using maps and statistics • Get immediate feedback and opinions from citizens • Give immediate feedback to citizens • Researchers • Get access to and analyze (anonymized) collective noise data • Find out what is important in soundscape perception • Developers • Extend our mobile app in whichever way you see fit • Use our environmental sensor web API to do your own web mashups [Note: See Google Map View]
30% of all traffic in
the average city center is searching for an available parking spot. Reduce the motorist frustration. Real time and reliable. Authorized use of parking. Locate cars that have overstayed Efficient surveillance routes . Optimize parking utilization.
Environmental Monitoring 2000 Sensors Santander)
Testbed) Outdoor Parking Management 400 parking sensors Mobile Environmental Monitoring 150 sensors installed in public vehicles Traffic Intensity Monitoring 60 devices located at main entrance of city • Moisture temperature • Humidity • Pluviometer (rain gauge) • Anemometer (wind-speed) Parks and Gardens Irrigation 50 devices in 2 green zones Guidance to free parking lots 10 panels located at intersections • Temperature • CO • Noise • Car Presence • Ferromagnetic sensors • Temperature • CO • Noise • Car Presence • Measure main traffic parameters • Traffic volumes • Road occupancy • Vehicle speed • Queue Length • Taking information retrieved by the deployed parking sensors in order to guide drivers towards the available free parking lots SMART CITY
Crea6ng)an)IOT)EcoOSystem)for)Malaysia)(Smart)City)) Why Smart City? 1.
Due to scale and heterogeneity of the environment 2. Ideal ground for enabling a broad range of very different experiments 3. A huge number of challenging requirements 4. A variety of problem and application domains 5. Allows evaluation of social acceptance of IoT technologies and services via real world pilots 6. An excellent catalyst for IoT research! Application Developers IOT Cloud Device Players Universities Researchers Stakeholders REDtone)In)Search)of)The)Right)Partners)
Capabilities of Smart, Connected Products
• The product’s condition • The external environment • The product’s operations and usage Monitoring Control• Control of product functions • Personalization of the user experience Optimization• Enhance product performance • Allow predictive diagnostics, service and repair • Autonomous product operation • Self-coordination operation with other products • Autonomous product enhancement and personalization • Self-diagnosis and service Autonomous