Space Exploration

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It is on the issue space exploration is good or bad.

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Space Exploration

  1. 1. Presentation Outline History Introductio Quiz n Body Arguments Conclusion Recommendation Supporting Counter Arguments Arguments Reference
  2. 2. History We have been inventing and exploring things since day one. Many of these things that we discovered or invented we thought would never be possible in earth’s life time. During the cold war space war became too much critical. The exploration of space began , with the launch of the first artificial satellite, Sputnik 1, which the Soviets sent into orbit in 1957. This was a monumental achievement in the history of space exploration and by the Soviet space exploration program. Globally, 43 countries now have their own observing or communication satellites in Earth orbit.
  3. 3.  Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first human in space in 1961.  On July 20, 1969, Astronaut Neil Armstrong took “a giant step for mankind” as he stepped onto the moon.
  4. 4. Extremely dangerous Counter Argument The exploration of space is fraught with peril. Since we first started putting humans into space, there have been accidents, and many people have died. However, as time and tragedy has shown us, dangers still exist today. Manned missions to space impose a huge amount of risk on the astronauts who travel to space.
  5. 5. A launch  Highly explosive fuel,  Poor weather,  Malfunctioning equipment,  Human error  Even Once in flight  Floating debris,  Meteoroids,  Electromagnetic radiation Re - Entering to earth’s environment has also its dangers  As proven by the Columbia disaster.
  6. 6. 1967 1986 2003 3 astronauts of 7 astronauts died 7 astronauts died Apollo 1 died during when the space when the space training exercise. shuttle challenger shuttle challenger exploded shortly Columbia broke after launch. apart during re- entry.
  7. 7. Significantly more people have died in space related accidents, before craft have even left the ground in October 1960, 91 people were killed when a booster rocket exploded at a space centre in Kazakhstan in the USSR. in 1980, 50 technicians died when a Vostock booster rocket exploded while being refueled. The space shuttle has failed only three times in its 113 launches But if we apply statistics Space Shuttle 1  10,000 flying hours US aircraft 1  37,000 flying hours Thus space travel is cited as more dangerous than just about any other form of getting around.
  8. 8. Too Counterexpensive much Argument The cost of space exploration is too much. Space exploration involves both astronomy and space technology. It requires a huge amount of money to be spent on the journey to space. Humans in space require life support in order to survive. Because of these extremely complex systems need to be installed in the spacecraft. Humans need to be brought back alive after the mission has been completed. This will also add complex systems to the spacecraft.
  9. 9. Too much expensive In 1990s us spent about $100 billions on the Apollo Moon Program. This money could provide  a year of health care for 1,65,000 people OR  Electricity for 8,30,000 homes OR  Build 2200 housing units
  10. 10. Too much expensive 20 15 10 5 2.5 US Europe France Russia Japan Italy India Germany China
  11. 11. Spin Supporting Argument - off Technology  when we watch satellite TV,  when we consult the weather forecast,  when we pick up the phone to contact someone  when we access the internet,  when we check our in car navigation system for routing information. What is Spin off Technology? Since 1976, more than 30,000 applications of space technology have been brought down to earth to enhance our everyday life.
  12. 12. kidney dialysis and the new artificial heart have been based on technology found in space shuttle Programmable Heart Pacemakers were first developed in the 1970s using NASA satellite electrical systems. Image processing used in CAT scanners and MRI technology in hospitals worldwide came from technology developed to computer improved pictures of the moon for the Apollo programs. Infrared hand-held used cameras to observe blazing plumes from the Shuttle have helped fire-fighters point out hot spots in brush fires.
  13. 13. Joystick evolved from  Apollo Lunar Rover Used for  Computer Games, Cranes, Mining Trucks, Underwater unmanned vehicles The Fisher Space Pen This Pen was developed for use in space . Benefits  Cool  You can lie in bed and write upside down with this pen.
  14. 14. Curiosity Supporting Argument of humankind  Well, space is there, and we're going to climb it, and the moon and the planets are there, and new hopes for knowledge and peace are there.  we look out, and wonder, and explore.  The desire to know what lies beyond current knowledge, is one of the our noblest characteristics  For centuries and still now, the success of humans is the ability to be curious and explore until the limit.  Curiosity of mankind make them to explore space.  Without curiosity, the human race might still be in the ancient “Stone Age”  The evidence that has been gathered supporting interesting information has just fuelled this curiosity.
  15. 15. Curiosity of humankind No-one can deny the sense of wonder, when for the first time a new man-made star (space flight) rose in the sky and when Neil Armstrong first stepped onto the moon. In addition, mankind also want some answers to the most fundamental questions like,  Are we alone?  Are there other forms of life besides those on earth?  Are we able to live on any other planet? This is one of the things that makes life worth living.
  16. 16. More Oppertunities Supporting Argument that micro gravity semiconductor materials can produce chips as much as a thousand times more powerful than anything now available pharmaceuticals produced in space with zero gravity have purities far higher than any produced on Earth There is an element known as Helium 3 that is found on the moon and could power the world for at least 1,000 years when we are able to use it.
  17. 17. Conclusion  Space exploration is the key to the future and we will reap the rewards of this necessary investment of money and resources.  Researches and technologies about space exploration are very important for humanity.  Without risk, we remain in our caves, never daring to see what lies beyond our immediate sight  The money we are spending now on space program will help in the long run.  It is the main thrust of humanity’s future dreams which expands their limits as new projects accomplished.  Despite the fact that space exploration projects need huge amout of money and labour and also time, it can not be totally stopped.
  18. 18. My Recommendation  Future space launch systems will be designed to reduce costs and improve dependability, safety, and reliability.  They should develop new technology that is more useful  Useful technology should be commercialised to enhance people life.  They should spent money also on other require field.
  19. 19. ‘Consequences of Space Exploration’. Retrived: September 22, 2008, from http://www.iit.edu/~prokjos/space/consequences.html. Jeff Brooks, 2005. ‘Why Democrats should support space exploration?’. Retrived: September 22, 2008, from http://www.thespacereview.com/article/499/1. Virgiliu, P., 2004. ‘Is Space Exploration Worth the cost?’. Retrived: September 22, 2008, from http://www.spacedaily.com/news/opened-04b.html. ‘A brief history: space exploration’ Retrived: September 23, 2008, from http://www.aero.org/education/primers/space/hystory.html. Kim Dismukes, 2004. ‘space shuttle benefits’. Retrived: September 23, 2008 from http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/shuttle/benefits/index.html. John M. Horack, 1999. ‘Scientist need to better communicate space exploration’s benefits’. Retrived September 23,2008 from http://www.space.com/news/horack_visions_991119.html. Jeff Brooks, 2005. ‘Why Democrats should support space exploration?’. Retrived: September 22, 2008, from http://www.thespacereview.com/article/499/1. Virgiliu, P., 2004. ‘Is Space Exploration Worth the cost?’. Retrived: September 22, 2008, from http://www.spacedaily.com/news/opened-04b.html. ‘A brief history: space exploration’ Retrived: September 23, 2008, from http://www.aero.org/education/primers/space/hystory.html. Kim Dismukes, 2004. ‘space shuttle benefits’. Retrived: September 23, 2008 from http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/shuttle/benefits/index.html. John M. Horack, 1999. ‘Scientist need to better communicate space exploration’s benefits’. Retrived September 23,2008 from http://www.space.com/news/horack_visions_991119.html.

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