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Siriwan market development mobile and toll free in bangladesh

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Siriwan market development mobile and toll free in bangladesh

  1. 1. Strategic  Brand  Management     Siriwan  Siriwangsanti            Group  Paper       1 Bangladesh: Cell Phone Empowerment SWOT of Bangladesh Strengths ● Geographic location – close to distributors of cheap cell phones ● Ports services many important economies of scale ● Active advancement and participation of NGOs and non-profits Weaknesses ● Poverty is increasing, although economic growth has expanded ● Population is growing too rapidly and it is creating increased pressure on the economy ● Corruption and waste are making the country increasingly unstable Opportunities ● Expanding population may lead to new, more progressive ideologies ● Fairly stable macroeconomic environment ● Remittances from overseas workers Threats ● Improper management of development opportunities ● Concentration on wealth accumulation for individuals, not the whole of the Bangladeshi people ● Poor health and education policies and programs Market Needs Violence against women is a worldwide issue that transcends cultural and geographic boundaries. Recent incidents of violence against women, like rape cases in India that have drawn worldwide attention and “generated well over a millions supportive tweets” (Paul, 2013), are starting to make this a global issue. “Violence against women is a neglected issue in less developed countries” (Heise, 1994), and the prevalence of domestic violence against women in developing countries is significantly higher compared to incidences of domestic violence in established countries.
  2. 2. Strategic  Brand  Management     Siriwan  Siriwangsanti            Group  Paper       2 In a recent survey of Bangladeshi women of reproductive-age living in rural areas, 47% of the women reported having being beaten by their husbands with 19% of those incidences occurring in the past year (Schuler, 1996) with numbers continuing to rise as the year progresses. These statistics are on the rise for a number of reasons including interrelated effects of contextual and community-level factors, household and individual-level characteristics and intergenerational transgression of the behavior (Koenig, 2003). Studies conducted in New York and Chicago show there is a notable correlation between residential stability and socioeconomic disadvantage and reported and recorded violent crime. It was also found that community-level restrictions and sanctions against domestic violence were important factors in lowering the occurrence of the violent crimes, supporting the methodology that without them the occurrences would be higher (Counts, 1993). Household-level determinants of domestic violence are related to the socio-economic status of that particular household. In Bangladesh, importance is put on the dowry that is offered by the woman’s family to the man. This factors plays a significant role in the presence or absence of domestic violence in the Bangladeshi household. The individual characteristics of the woman can also play a major role in the prevalence of domestic violence, especially in regards to the caste that she occupies and her education level (Naved & Persson, 2005). Familial factors have emerged as an important predictor of violence. There is considerable evidence that has come out of the United States, which suggests that witnessing domestic violence in childhood is directly correlated with probability of that person abusing their partner or being abused in the future (E. 2010).
  3. 3. Strategic  Brand  Management     Siriwan  Siriwangsanti            Group  Paper       3 Named Solutions The issues of domestic violence in Bangladesh are predicated on the perpetuation of the contextual and community-level factors, household and individual-level characteristics and intergenerational transgression of violent behavior. In order to address these issues and find a salient solution to the increasing occurrence of domestic violence in Bangladesh, we have developed a 2 tier plan that will empower groups of women in the rural and urban areas of Bangladesh by giving them cell phones to access important information as well as reach the proper authorities. The first tier will be associated with developing a cell phone program that will give groups of women free cell phones. It is important to target the groups of women because they will have safety in numbers and can also support each other throughout the process. These cell phones would start to combat the socio-economic disadvantage in Bangladesh because the women would have better access to information and resources, therefore allowing them to create new trade routes or apply for new jobs (Koenig, 2003). The phones would also increase a woman’s self esteem because they could enjoy a sense of personal freedom associated with open lines of communication. Women in Bangladesh will also start to become more educated, and therefore wealthier because of the freedom the cell phone will allow. Finally, being a good role model for future generations of women and showing how confidence and independence brings a safe and happy household, will lead to the decrease of domestic violence in the future. The second tier of the program will be to create a hotline number that can be accessed by the cell phones free of charge, 24 hours a day and 7 days a week. The second tier will allow the access to information that is critical for the Bangladesh to decrease domestic violence rates and
  4. 4. Strategic  Brand  Management     Siriwan  Siriwangsanti            Group  Paper       4 consequently make women safer. Although such suggestions are likely to have implications regarding gender relations, its benefit far outweighs those implications. Technology Located next to India, a country ranked at 6th of internet users and at 2nd of mobile phone subscribers, Bangladesh is still far behind technology development despite the fact that urbanization rate is almost equal i.e. India at 30% and Bangladesh at 28%. (cia.gov, 2010). In Bangladesh, there are approximately 8 million internet users, which accounts for only 0.05% of the total population. Moreover, the internet penetration rate sits at 5% (internetworldstats.com, 2012). As for telephone systems, in 2011 there are about 1 million main lines in use in comparison to 84 million mobile cellular in use. (cia.gov). In other words, a fixed-line teledensity remains at 1 per 100 persons whereas mobile-cellular telephone remains more than 50 per persons. With these facts, it is fair to conclude that telephone and mobile phone are more effective tool as means of communication. There are six major mobile operators. They are Grameenphone, Citycell, Robi, Banglalink, Teletalk, and Airtel, Grameenphone being the largest operator by subscriber (cellular-news.com). These operators offer flexible packages that fit mobile users’ financial pocket. Such packages are pre-paid, post-paid, pay as much as you talk, friends package, and my zone. Internet service are also available separately. 2G is the latest internet service as 3G auction, which was supposed to occur in March 2012 had been delayed. The biggest threat to 3G is a dispute between regulators and mobile operators over the taxes and license fees (marketresearch.com). The rescheduled auction should happen in June 2013 (cellular-news.com). Given that 3G is not yet available and there is no information to how many smartphone users
  5. 5. Strategic  Brand  Management     Siriwan  Siriwangsanti            Group  Paper       5 there are in Bangladesh, mobile application or any innovation that relies on internet connectivity are not recommended. In terms of mobile phone user’s behavior, people tend to talk, rather than text according to Infosaid.org. The problem is Bangladeshis can only read and write in Bangla. This make it difficult for messages sent in Bangla from one mobile network to appear correctly in another mobile network. As of now, most of SMS senders either write English, or transliterate Bangla words into Latin alphabet. Yet, it is important to keep in mind that only a handful number of Bangladeshis understands English. In addition, there are only 30 million text messages per month in 2011, which is equivalent to one message to every three mobile phone (infoasaid.org). Therefore, text messaging is not the most effective method of communication considering technical message transmission and user preference. Phone Model Cost is a major factor when determining how to implement a phone activism model. As listed by the UN Human Development Index, Bangladesh ranks 146 out of 187 states and, according to the World Bank, “81% of the population live in poverty.” According to the Senior Officer of Agribusiness and Finance at UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization, ”many projects give phones to community leaders or training group leaders, etc. but in many countries there are now more cell phones than people. Unlike the United States rip-off rates, cell services, especially texting, is very cheap, which is why Africa, Philippines and many places do so much cell phone banking, money transfers, arranging sales and sending alerts.” Unfortunately texting is not yet the preferred method of cell phone use in Bangladesh but according to the BBC, that is a trend that might be changing. Through WST, the BBC’s
  6. 6. Strategic  Brand  Management     Siriwan  Siriwangsanti            Group  Paper       6 international development agency, “mobile phone users in Bangladesh have now accessed more than one million English lessons.” The majority of texting being English had been a problem but through this low-cost education device, that works simply by dialling 3000, almost anyone in Bangladesh can participate in English classes each day.” Cost remains an issue but with cell phone use but this service has been successful due to “the price since the BBC teaming up with all of Bangladesh's mobile operators to offer a national service at half the cost of a typical call or SMS - just 1 Taka (1 pence) a minute" (BBC, 2010). This model, specifically the teaming up or partnering with mobile operators, more economically feasible. Another positive model that a cell phone implementation plan could utilize focuses on phone distribution methods to the targeted rural areas would be the “women on a bike” method that is being used to deliver internet. Developed by D. Net, a local development group, “dozens of ‘Info Ladies’ bike into remote Bangladeshi villages with laptops and Internet connections, helping tens of thousands of people — especially women — get everything from government services to chats with distant loved ones.” This method would also be a cheap, grassroots way to have women distribute cell phones to other women in a low cost and non-threatening, friendly manner. These women are paid but their job descriptions involves training and a slew of other services, like sit with teenage girls where they talk about primary health care and taboo subjects like menstrual hygiene, contraception and HIV or help villagers seeking government services write complaints to authorities under the country's newly-enacted Right to Information Act.” Delivering free cell phones would fit in well here (Hossian, 2012).
  7. 7. Strategic  Brand  Management     Siriwan  Siriwangsanti            Group  Paper       7 Target Audience We have chosen to target 2 groups of Bangladeshi women, those between the ages of 12 to 25 and 26 to 40. Statistic have shown that as the men in Bangladesh age, the prevalence of violence decreases (Koenig, 2003). This is the reasoning behind cutting the target audience at 40. Studies have also shown that women in Bangladesh tend to collect in groups around different communal areas that are associated heavily with women, when they are not at home. We have chosen to target groups of women not individuals specifically because we did not want to compromise the gender relations in the household and consequently increase the occurrence of domestic violence. We have also determined that targeting a group of women will increase the likelihood of them utilizing the device because of behavioral economic factors like herding and group think (Thaler & Sunstein, 2009). Timeliness and Time Statistics have shown that the increase of domestic violence in Bangladesh is continual and is becoming more prevalent over the years. Even with the assistance of NGOs and other non-profits, the rates of domestic violence incidences are steadily increasing. Bangladesh needs a viable and attainable option to combat this issue in the short-term and continue to combat the issue in the long-term. There has never been a more important time to address this issue. Ingredient Brand Values Our product can seek the opportunity to be apart of Grameenphone. As stated on the company website, “Grameenphone started its journey with the Village Phone program: a pioneering initiative to empower rural women of Bangladesh. The name Grameenphone
  8. 8. Strategic  Brand  Management     Siriwan  Siriwangsanti            Group  Paper       8 translates to “Rural phone.” Thus, we can envision a situation where our brand can be easily promoted with Grameenphone as companion brand. Our objectives to help empower women with our phone, to help them in times of trouble when being raped or abused, coincide with Grameenphone's initial position in the marketplace, thus making it easier to establish a relationship with them. Also taking into consideration, “Today, Grameenphone is the leading and largest telecommunications service provider in Bangladesh with more than 40.02 million subscribers as of December 2012.” Therefore, having them help promote our product we can reach a larger amount of victimized women, an integral part of our target market. (http://grameenphone.com/about-us) Building a Marketing Plan We will introduce a pink cell phone to the women of Bangladesh who are prominent victims to rape and abusive behaviors. The phone is to be used as regular cell phone by purchase of air time, but in case of an emergency they can dial a specific numbers that is free of charge. Thus, creating an incentive for the women to actively use the number in the time of an emergency. We want to effectively build brand equity and manage a brand that customers will support. The first step in introducing our pink cell phone is creating brand awareness. We need to make sure that are our brand stands out and that women are able to easily adapt and recognize the phone and its services and become aware of it. We found that women are in need of a device that can get them get help quicker. Thus, the phone and the toll free number associated with the phone satisfies the needs of the Bangladesh victims and becomes our unique selling proposition.
  9. 9. Strategic  Brand  Management     Siriwan  Siriwangsanti            Group  Paper       9 After creating awareness of the phone we need to communicate to the women exactly how to use it, the benefits of the product, and educate them on the performance of the phone. Such qualities include: primary characteristics and features of the phone, the reliability, durability, and serviceability. We want the women to feel safer and protected by using this phone, because it can dramatically help them in the prevention of rape and abuse. Moreover, after the initial introduction of the phone to the women, we would like to have a two-week testing period to ensure the effectiveness of the phone with and have the women provide us with any feedback for improving the product. In doing this, we can see how the women judge our product based on quality, credibility, consideration, and superiority. Thus, it helps us better understand how exactly the women feel and think about the phone and if it is at a benefit for them. Lastly, after the two-week testing period we would have a product launch event that would be used to promote the product, on a more general scale, to engage all women to come out and participate and purchase a phone. Through time we will conduct informational and feedback sessions at shelters and clinics to stay up to date with the women and make sure that the phone has been beneficial for them. In doing this, we can promote brand loyalty, enforce a sense of community by the women, and create active engagement of rape prevention and use of the phone. Thus, ultimately achieving brand resonance with our product, and giving the women the opportunity to decrease their chances of becoming victims of rape and abuse. Message Development: Advertising, PR, Direct Marketing & Media Plans The main communication tactics that we want to use in order to successfully achieve the delivery of our message across all women who are victims of rape and abuse are: 1) grassroots marketing, 2) public relations, and 3) promotional marketing.
  10. 10. Strategic  Brand  Management     Siriwan  Siriwangsanti            Group  Paper       10 1) Grassroots marketing Our research shows that women travel and communicate in groups, and since grassroots marketing efforts are targeted to smaller groups of people in hopes that the group will spread our message to a much larger audience, we want to the stress the use of the product through this medium. When women use the phone and are satisfied with it they can share their stories and experiences with other women who do not have one, engaging them to learn more about the product and possibly purchase the phone as well. Moreover, relative to grassroots marketing we can achieve word of mouth. As women share stories about the effectiveness of the phone we build awareness among women in the communities of Bangladesh. 2) Public Relations In order to build credibility and create customer relations with the women who are victims of rape and abuse we want to provide community events that serve as informational sessions that women can attend at their local women clinics and shelters. These informational sessions serve as way for the women to educate themselves on prevention of rape and abuse as well as the benefits of our product. At every session we will distribute a certain amount of phones to the women who are interested in purchasing the phone. 3)Product Event- $5,000 In relation to our public relations efforts, when launching the product we will host an event that will be used to engage the women from neighboring communities to come out and participate in learning more about our product and service. At the event we will have informational sessions, clinics with professional advisors, and group chat sessions where women can share individual stories and support one another. We hope to create a sense of empowerment and community for the women to stand up against being victims of rape and abuse. By the use of
  11. 11. Strategic  Brand  Management     Siriwan  Siriwangsanti            Group  Paper       11 public relations we can develop and maintain goodwill within the community, continuity necessary for good product support, and maintain relationships with the women who are victims of rape and abuse. 4)Promotional Flyers - $2,000 In order to visually seek out the women who are victims, we want to use print advertising in terms of a promotional flyers to get them to participate in our event and informational meetings at the shelters and clinics. We would like to place these flyers/ads in the bathroom of potential clubs, at all shelters, clinics, possible hospitals; predominantly locations where women congregate (go to and visit on daily basis). In doing so, for those women who have not heard about via word of mouth have the opportunity to seek out our product through our print advertising. Distribution Plans: Product & Place Harmony The phones will be distributed in local women’s clinics and shelters. The clinics that we want to partner with in order to distribute the phones are 1) Banchte Shecka, 2)Proshika, 3) Bangladesh Women’s Health Coalition, 4) MDG Achievement Fund - Joint UN Program, and 5) BRAC. 1) Banchte Shecka Their mission is “To bring about an improved quality for life for the poor women and children in the social and economic sphere. Especially by using awareness techniques to empower the beneficiaries with the skills to survive and assist them to access their legal and democratic rights” (http://www.banchteshekha.org/).
  12. 12. Strategic  Brand  Management     Siriwan  Siriwangsanti            Group  Paper       12 2) Proshika Proshika’s objectives are: (i) structural poverty alleviation; (ii) environmental protection and regeneration; (iii) improvement in women’s status; (iv) increasing people’s participation in public institutions; and (v) enhancing people’s capacity to gain and exercise democratic and human rights. (http://www.proshika.org/) 3) Bangladesh Women’s Health Coalition The vision is : Equality of women in a just civil society. Their mission: BWHC firmly believes that quality of women’s lives is enhanced by emphasizing an inclusive gender approach, community participation and working in integration and collaboration with government and other relevant organizations. (http://www.bwhc.org.bd/) 4) MDG Achievement Fund – Joint UN Program The Joint Programme address vital issues against violence against women in Bangladesh. They “encourage the the adoption and implementation of policies for preventing VAW and protecting victims by enhancing the capacities of the government, improving information and providing support to NGOs and civil society”, help change the attitudes and behavior of men, women, boys and girls in efforts to reduce the violence against women, and other discriminatory practices such as dowry, early marriage and trafficking. Lastly, they protect “survivors of gender-based violence with immediate care, relief and rehabilitation through a comprehensive package including the expansion, renovation and improvement of the existing shelter system.” (http://www.mdgfund.org/program/jointunprogrammeaddressviolenceagainstwomenbangladesh)
  13. 13. Strategic  Brand  Management     Siriwan  Siriwangsanti            Group  Paper       13 5) BRAC “The gender justice and diversity programme works simultaneously within the organisation and with the community. BRAC strives for equality, diversity and inclusiveness within BRAC. We also promote gender equality and tackle violence against women at a national level by influencing government policies and agendas, organising public forums and events, and leveraging national and international alliances for gender justice” (http://gender.brac.net/) BTL & Internet Strategy As mentioned earlier, Internet users account only 0.05% of the total population. Therefore, Internet will not be used here for its reach is highly limited. According to Nielsen Media and Demographics survey in 2011, only 15% of the population listened to the radio every 7-10 days, decreasing from 36% in 1995. In contrast, 84% of urban households and 43% of rural households earned a TV set and 74% of Bangladeshis aged over 15 watched TV at least once every 4-10 days in (infosaid.org). As for print, newspaper is growing as internet accessibility for online news is very low. However, those who read newspaper are 40% of men while women are 14%. The imbalanced number is contributed to the fact that men tend to go out of home more than women; hence, men have more opportunity to buy newspaper. With these facts in hand, we would recommend that traditional media like is major communication strategy to increase an awareness of Pink Phone and toll free number. Nevertheless, social media is still a powerful tool to spread word of mouth that deserves attention. Apparently, there are about 3.7 million Facebook users. The majority users are at 18-34 range of age, 79% are male and 21% are female (socialbakers.com). What is interesting is the number one brand page is Style World Collection (352,397 fans), which targets at women. Thereafter, given
  14. 14. Strategic  Brand  Management     Siriwan  Siriwangsanti            Group  Paper       14 a relative low cost of social media, Facebook is the channel to be leveraged to spread awareness and create WOM. Managing brand over time / Managing geographic expansion Trustlaw, an organization providing legal aid and information related to women rights, revealed that Afghanistan, Congo, Pakistan, India, and Somalia are top five countries that are considered dangerous for women (Anderson 2011). These countries are in need of device to improve women’s wellness. Yet, brand expansion requires strategic attention e.g. understanding similarities and differences in the global branding landscape, balancing standardization and customization, and leveraging brand elements (Keller 2012). Taking needs, proximity, and technological capability, India is country where Pink phone and toll free number can extend to, perhaps with an advanced technology. As mentioned earlier, India has a very high internet user and mobile subscriber population, ranked among top ten of the world. This market not only provides technological compatibility, but also an advanced communication platform as there are 27 million smartphone users in India (nextbigwhat.com 2012). This means mobile application can be developed to improve the service of and channel of toll free number and internet and mobile strategy can be used to increase awareness and WOM. The concern of brand extension and implementation is cultural sensitivity. In Bangladesh, 89.5% of total population are Muslim and 9.6% are Hindu whereas in India 80.5% are Hindu and 13.4% are Muslim (cia.gov 2012). The religious believe of women in these two religions are significantly different. In Hinduism, women has no right to divorce her husband, no rights to own property or inheritance, and limited choice of partner, to name a few. In contrary, in Islam Muslim women are treated as equal as men. They can own property and choose partner
  15. 15. Strategic  Brand  Management     Siriwan  Siriwangsanti            Group  Paper       15 (submission.ws). Thus, the way the brand is portrayed must also take cultural perspective into consideration. Customer Responsibility Marketing Once the pink cell phone has a customer base, made up predominantly of rural women, the next step is to ensure long lasting effectiveness through building loyalty. This phone needs to be seen not as a luxury but as a product that, like any good tool, fulfills a specific function. The initial use of the phone focuses on empowerment and connection, both in groups of women but also through actual usage of the phone, but it needs to become a necessity. One way to do this is to continue to grow the number of users. This can be achieved through on-going Grameenphone partnerships, working with D.Net to utilize the “info ladies” to dissemenate and explain the benefits and “how to” usage of the phone and through word of mouth. The more women that have the phone, the more accepted the phone will be. If the phone is seen strictly as empowering women and being anti-male, acceptance will be difficult. The color of the phone alone will serve as a visible symbol of the brand and if the phones aren’t reaching across Bangladesh, they could make women targets for males and usage would drop and loyalty with it. Once again, have effective mass distribution that makes the pink phone more known and acceptable will help ensure customer loyalty. The final aspect that is more long-term would be to add texting options to the campaign. As programs like BBC’s WST show, the primarily text language of English is growing through simply, easy-to-use education methods and with it texting will grow. To encourage women to use and desire the “pink phones,” texting will be the next phase. Before texting, English skills and education reform is needed. For example, partnering with English language schools and language
  16. 16. Strategic  Brand  Management     Siriwan  Siriwangsanti            Group  Paper       16 focused development groups in remote villages to teach English would increase the likelihood of women being able to text. If the pink phone promotes texting down the road, loyalty will grow as the usability does.
  17. 17. Strategic  Brand  Management     Siriwan  Siriwangsanti            Group  Paper       17 Bibliography Anderson, Lisa. "The World's Most Dangerous Countries for Women 2011." News, Information, and Connection for Action. Thomson Reuters Foundation, 15 June 2011. Web. 22 Apr. 2013. <http://www.trust.org/spotlight/The-worlds-most-dangerous-countries-for-women-2011/>. Counts, D.A., J.K. Brown, and J.C. Campbell. 1992. Sanctions and Sanctuary: Cultural Perspectives on the Beating of Wives. Boulder: Westview Press. "Asia Internet Usage Stats Facebook and Population Statistics." Internet World Stats. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2013. <http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats3.htm>. "Bangladesh Facebook Statistics." Socialbakers.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Apr. 2013. <http://www.socialbakers.com/facebook-statistics/bangladesh>. "Bangladesh - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Forecasts." - BuddeComm. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2013. <http://www.budde.com.au/Research/Bangladesh-Telecoms-Mobile-Broadband-and- Forecasts.html>. "Bangladesh Telecommunications Report Q3 2012." Market Research. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Apr. 2013. <http://www.marketresearch.com/Business-Monitor-International-v304/Bangladesh- Telecommunications-Q3-7011765/>. “BBC Reaches Bangladesh Mobile Phone Landmark.” BBC World News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/8520554.stm (2010). Web, 18 Apr. 2013. E, Michelle. “Long-Term Effects of Witnessing Spousal Abuse.” Livestrong.com. http://www.livestrong.com/article/110179-longterm-effects-witnessing-spousal-abuse/. (2010). Web 22, Apr, 2013. Heise, LL, & Raikes, A., & Watts, CH. “Violence against women: a neglected public health issue in less developed countries. Social Science & Medicine. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0277953694903492: (1994). Web 22, Apr. 2013. Hossain, Farid. “Internet rolls into Bangladesh villages on a bike.” USA Today http://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/2012/11/03/bangladesh-tech-bikes-computers/1676913/: (2012). Web, 22, Apr., 2013 Keller, Kevin Lane. Strategic Brand Management: Building, Measuring and Managing Brand Equity. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2012. Print.
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