WHAT IS INTERDEPENDENCE?INTERDEPENDENCE refers to a situation wherebyactors or events in different parts of a systemaffects each other. Also it’s a mutual dependencethe situation can be either good or bad.• Interdependence is a relationship in whichchanges or events in any single part of asystem will produce some reaction or havesome significant consequences in other partsof the system.
Sources of interdependence• There re four distinctions that describe thedimensions of interdependence which is itssources, benefits, relative cost, and symmetry.Interdependence can originate inphysical(natural)or social(economic , political ,or perceptual) phenomena. all thesedistinctions helps us to clarify the degree ofchoice in situation of reciprocal or mutualdependence
• Military interdependence: is the mutualdependence that arises from militarycompetition, there is a physical aspects in theweaponry, and the development of nuclearweapons and the resulting possibility ofmutually assured destruction. however animportant element of perception is alsoinvolved in interdependence and a change inperception or policy can reduce the intensityof the military interdependence.
Economic interdependence: economic interdependenceinvolves policy choice about values and cost.A relationship between two or more people, regions, nations orother entities in which each is dependent on the other fornecessary goods or services. Economic interdependence oftenoccurs when all parties are specialized in the fulfillment ofsome requirements, and must trade with others for unmetrequirements. For exampleChina buys lots and lots of U.S. dollars in order to keep the $strong and the yuan low. This means more money for Americawhich, in turn, america buys lots and lots of Chinese products.
BENEFITS OF INTERDEPENDENCE.• The benefits of interdependence can beexpressed as zero-sum and non zero sum, zerosum is a situation whereby one’s gain is theother’s loss And positive sum situation bothsides gain in a negative situation both side lose.• Some liberal economists only think ofinterdependence in the aspect of positivegain(joint gain)in which everyone benefits andfailed to pay attention to the political aspects ofinterdependence.
• Also some liberal analysts thinks thatglobalization make the world moreinterconnected and that cooperation willreplace competition among the states becausethey believes that interdependence createsjoint benefit which encourages cooperationbut states are more concerned with theirabsolute gain from interdependence thanrelative gain
• And lastly interdependence mixes domesticand foreign issues together which gives rise tomuch more complex coalition and morepattern of conflict and different distribution ofbenefits than in the past.