Steps for Designing a WebsiteA. Set GoalsB. Organize StructureC. Build and Test PagesD. Launch, Promote and Maintain the Site
Set Goals Decide on a team/person to develop the website Identify the goal of the site Identify the target audience of the website Analyze the competition and keywords used in the industry
Organize Structure Select an available domain Register domain with an appropriate registry Choose a web host and contact them to hold your site on their server Determine the basic architecture and organization of your site Choose the design elements that control the look of your site
Build and Test Pages Determine the content of your webpages Create your webpages Link and test pages
Launch, Promote and Maintain the Site Publish/upload the website Promote the website maintain
Programming Languages Uniqueness – must be precise and complete – can’t be ambiguous and expect it to understand Examples – C++, Java, Visual Basic, Cold Fusion Syntax – Govern the way words are used Semantics – What words mean Grammar check – The words are used correctly AND have correct meanings
Mark Up Language Originated from symbolic codes on manuscripts explaining printing instructions Example – HTML Codes/Tags – Enclosed in brackets give instructions <> Example - <b> means to make the text bold
Programming Tools Tools used to create, maintain or debug other programs Ex. Debuggers, source code generators
Web Page Writing Strategies:1. Write in chunks. Don’t overwhelm with a lot of information in one paragraph. Keep your paragraphs at 2-3 sentences each.2. Use headings. You will make your page easy to scan.3. Use lists. Lists will create scannability, as well.4. Bold. Bolding will allow you to highlight important information. Bolding is also effective in search engine promotion. Don’t overbold, things can quickly become unreadable if everything is bold.5. Write at an 8th grade reading level. To reach the majority of readers.
Web Page Writing Strategies cont.6. Watch the jargon. If you have the slightest feeling that your audience will not understand your specific terminology – then give definitions.7. Write it the way you say it. Do write conversationally. You don’t even have to write in complete sentences – as long as you are getting the point across. Sometimes text is easier to read without complete sentences.8. Watch out for too many font sizes. A good rule of thumb in traditional print design is 2 font styles and 2 font sizes, one for headlines and one for the body copy.
Strategies for Selecting, Organizing and Managing Content1. Select content by making a list of common consumer questions you would like your website to answer2. Organize info by topics, tasks and/or users 1. Topics – products, company info 2. Tasks – verbs – like finding the right print cartridge 3. Users – kids vs. adults3. Managing content with a consistent navigation bar and clear labels on every page
Guidelines for an Effective & Functional Website1. Design – 1. not too busy, professional 2. Not cluttered – easy to find info2. Content – 1. not just text & images, 2. tools too: games, quizzes, calculators, discussion, reviews3. Usability – 1. pages load quickly, 2. no broken links, 3. consistent navigation – should not have to hit back button