Elements Of Music

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Music class for k-G5

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Elements Of Music

  1. 1. Elements of Music
  2. 2. There are four basic elements of Music <ul><li>-Melody </li></ul><ul><li>- Rhythm </li></ul><ul><li>- Dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>- Timbre </li></ul>
  3. 3. Basic Terms
  4. 4. Basic terms <ul><li>Pitch </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythm </li></ul><ul><li>Tempo </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>Instruments & Sounds </li></ul><ul><li>Texture </li></ul><ul><li>Structure </li></ul>
  5. 5. Pitch <ul><li>How high or low a note/sound is. </li></ul><ul><li>Which notes sound higher / lower ? </li></ul><ul><li>A group of pitches is a Melody. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Think: Which instrument makes higher pitch and which one makes lower pitch?
  7. 8. Rhythm <ul><li>The combination of notes of different lengths (long/short notes) </li></ul><ul><li>The steady pulse you feel in music is called </li></ul><ul><li>beat. </li></ul><ul><li>The length of a note is measured in beats </li></ul>
  8. 9. Rhythm
  9. 10. Rhythm
  10. 11. Tempo <ul><li>The speed of the music - fast / slow </li></ul><ul><li>i.e. its beat or pulse </li></ul>
  11. 12. Dynamics <ul><li>Dynamics are how </li></ul><ul><li>loudly or softly the </li></ul><ul><li>music is played. </li></ul><ul><li>The conductor is the </li></ul><ul><li>controller of the </li></ul><ul><li>dynamics in the </li></ul><ul><li>orchestra. </li></ul>
  12. 13. More Dynamic Terms <ul><li>“ piano ” or “ p ” = softly </li></ul><ul><li>“ forte ” or “ f ” = loudly </li></ul><ul><li>“ Mezzo” = medium or moderately </li></ul><ul><li>“ Mezzo forte” or “ mf ” = medium loud </li></ul><ul><li>“ Mezzo piano ” or “ mp ” = medium soft </li></ul><ul><li>“ crescendo”(cres) or “ ” = music gets gradually louder. </li></ul><ul><li>“ diminuendo”(dim) or “ “ = music gets gradually softer. </li></ul>

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