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"Emotional Intelligence" another old concept with a new name board


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emotions play a lot in our behavior

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"Emotional Intelligence" another old concept with a new name board

  1. 1. Workshop on Emotional Intelligence By Maxwell Ranasinghe For Students at Kelaniya University, Sri Lanka Contact Maxwell on :
  2. 2. Emotional Intelligence ( EI) <ul><li>Emotional Intelligence ( EI ), often measured as an Emotional Intelligence Quotient ( EQ ), describes : </li></ul><ul><li>an ability capacity, or skill to perceive, assess, and manage the emotions of </li></ul><ul><li>one's self, of others, and of groups. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>. EI takes the terms emotion and intelligence seriously. That is, the meaning of emotional intelligence has something specific to do with the intelligently understanding , interpreting and taking actions for the emotions and thoughts </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Latest Mayor’s definition could be cited as follows as a simple working definition </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional intelligence refers to an ability to recognize the meanings of emotion and their relationships, and to reason and problem-solve on the basis of them. Emotional intelligence is involved in the capacity to perceive emotions, assimilate emotion-related feelings, understand the information of those emotions, and manage them. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>EI is something to do with harmonizing head and heart. </li></ul><ul><li>In other words it emphasizes the capacity to perceive emotions, assimilate emotion-related feelings, understand the informations that spring from those emotions, and manage them effectively </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>In the past, popularly embraced theory that matters for success was your technical competency or intelligent quotient (IQ) alone. </li></ul><ul><li>But now, widely done research prove that IQ takes place the second position to emotional intelligence in determining outstanding job performance. </li></ul><ul><li>Because in practice, your success in the world of work will largely depend on your ability to handle yourself, get alone with others, and work in teams. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Everyone has a rational mind as well as an emotional mind, when they interact well, emotional intelligence rises. </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore, being &quot;emotionally intelligent&quot; doesn't mean &quot;being nice,&quot; In contrast , at strategic moments, it may demand “not being nice” but rather bluntly confronting someone with an uncomfortable but bear truth that they have been avoiding </li></ul>
  8. 8. Emotions <ul><li>In this model, emotion refers to a feeling state. Emotions are impulses to action. </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore emotions do not occur on its own but in relation to some other variable. E.g. you may become angry for some ones bad behavior. So the emotion is a result of the bad behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore emotions convey information about a relationship with another variable. Anger, sadness, fear, enjoyment, love, surprise, disgust, shame, jealousy etc are such emotions </li></ul>
  9. 9. Intelligence . <ul><li>In this model, intelligence refers to the capacity to reason validly about information. </li></ul><ul><li>The scope of 'intelligence' can be broadened beyond mere mental ability: </li></ul><ul><li>Verbal – language </li></ul><ul><li>Mathematical – logic, Memory - association, structure of ideas, </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial capacity- shape of objects and their orientation in space, </li></ul><ul><li>Kinesthetic – motion, Musical , Personal Intelligence are aspects of intelligence. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Predominant old school of thought was that education and technical skills were the assured path to success. </li></ul><ul><li>However it has revealed well by research, the craze in letting children gain more knowledge about technical subjects at the school level to the university and beyond makes them more emotionally unbalanced. </li></ul><ul><li>This is much evident in youth problems such as despair, drug abuse, ragging, bullying, depression, inability to take criticism, inability accept defeat, Over reaction to success, defensive and hostile when weaknesses or short comings are pointed out etc. </li></ul><ul><li>They are the ones who have and continue to join the work force and their emotional imbalances have become a new problem to grapple with for the organizations. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Therefore EI in employees has become a very important skill in the modern day organizations. </li></ul><ul><li>Modern research proves that high degree of emotional intelligence is a common factor in many of the star performers. </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore it is worth finding out what it is and its positive impacts </li></ul>
  12. 12. Positive Impacts of Emotional Intelligence <ul><ul><ul><li>Improvement in personal productivity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Development of leadership qualities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ability in handling conflicts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Create satisfaction in customers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Holistic approach to problem solving </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce labour turnover </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Happier work force and industrial peace </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Positive Impacts of Emotional Intelligence…….. <ul><ul><ul><li>Better working culture and demand from outsiders to join the organization </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ability of work force to adjust to change </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Make a learning organization </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Creation of an environment to be innovative and more creative </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More focused work groups and teams </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Positive attitudes towards work and life. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Produce star performers </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Results of low or no emotional intelligence <ul><li>The negative impacts would be the opposite of the positive impacts listed above </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased personal productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict situations </li></ul><ul><li>Unsatisfied customers </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty in solving problems </li></ul><ul><li>High labour turnover </li></ul><ul><li>Unsatisfied work force </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Inability to adjust to change </li></ul><ul><li>Increase stress among staff </li></ul><ul><li>No learning culture </li></ul><ul><li>Hamper innovation </li></ul><ul><li>No team work </li></ul><ul><li>Negative attitudes </li></ul><ul><li>No overall focus </li></ul>
  16. 16. Historical importance of emotional intelligence <ul><li>There had been studies on the subject by Thorndick( 1920) David Wechsler ( 1940) Gardner ( 1983). More recently by Salovey and Mayor( 1990) and Goleman ( 1995) on the subject. </li></ul><ul><li>As a result of the growing acknowledgement of professionals for the importance and relevance of emotions to work outcomes , the research on the topic continued to gain momentum, </li></ul><ul><li>It wasn’t until the publication of Goleman’s best seller Emotional Intelligence: Why It Can Matter More Than IQ that the term became widely popularized. </li></ul><ul><li>Thereafter, articles on EI began to appear with increasing frequency across a wide range of academic and popular journals and newspapers. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Frame work ( Core areas of) emotional intelligence <ul><li>According to Daniel Goleman there are two basic areas of competencies that create emotional intelligence. </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Competence </li></ul><ul><li>Social Competence </li></ul>
  18. 18. Personal Competence <ul><li>Self- awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Here he describes that knowing one’s internal state, preferences, resources and intuitions matter. </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional awareness: Recognising one’s emotions and their effects </li></ul><ul><li>Accurate self-assessment : Knowing one’s strengths and limits </li></ul><ul><li>Self-confidence: a strong sense of one’s self-worth and capabilities </li></ul>
  19. 19. Self-regulation <ul><li>Here he describes managing one’s internal states, impulses and resources </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Control; keeping disruptive emotions and impulses in check </li></ul><ul><li>Trustworthiness : maintaining standards of honesty and integrity </li></ul><ul><li>Conscientiousness: Taking responsibility for personal performance </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptability: Flexibility in handling change </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation: Being comfortable with novel ideas, approaches and new information. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Motivation <ul><li>Here he describes emotional tendencies that guide or facilitate reaching goals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Achievement drive: striving to improve or meet a standard of excellence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commitment : Aligning with goals of the group or organization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initiative: Readiness to act on opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Optimism: Persistence in pursuing goals despite obstacle and setbacks </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Social Competence <ul><li>According to Goleman, these competencies determine how we handle relationships with others. </li></ul><ul><li>- Empathy </li></ul><ul><li>- Social Skills </li></ul><ul><li>are highlighted </li></ul>
  22. 22. Empathy <ul><li>This refers to awareness of others’ feelings, needs and concerns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding others : sensing others’ feelings and perspectives, and taking an active interest in their concerns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing others : Sensing others’ development needs and bolstering their abilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Service orientation; Anticipating, recognizing, and meeting customers needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leveraging diversity: Cultivating opportunities through different kinds of people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political awareness: Reading group’s emotional currents and power relationships </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Social Skills <ul><li>Ability in inducing desirable responses in others </li></ul><ul><li>Influence: Wielding( apply/use) effective tactics for persuasion </li></ul><ul><li>Communication: Listening openly and sending convincing messages </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict management : Ability to negotiate and resolve conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership: Inspiring and guiding individuals and groups </li></ul><ul><li>(Ability in influencing others to follow) </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Change catalyst (agent) : Initiating or managing change </li></ul><ul><li>Building bonds: Nurturing instrumental relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborating and cooperation; Working with others towards shared goals </li></ul><ul><li>Team capabilities ; Creating group synergy in pursuing collective goals </li></ul>
  25. 25. Personnel in the Organisations who require emotional intelligence <ul><li>Byron Stock & Associates, emotional intelligence training experts have compiled that almost all the levels of staff in an organization needs training in emotional intelligence. </li></ul><ul><li>They have specially listed following categories of staff and have elaborated why they should have emotional intelligence. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Top Executives <ul><li>Executives must make decisions daily that may make or break their companies. </li></ul><ul><li>They must rely on more people than ever to achieve results they, personally, are held accountable for by the board. </li></ul><ul><li>They must quickly and flexibly lead system-wide organizational change, while inspiring and energizing their followers. </li></ul><ul><li>This constant, burdensome pressure can create feelings of anxiety, fear, caution, and even guilt and depression. </li></ul><ul><li>Research has shown that high EI skills are the distinguishing characteristics that separate star performing top executives from average ones. </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Enhancing leaders' EI skills enables them to lead with courage, demonstrate their passion, grow and retain talented leaders, and empathize with people while humanely challenging them to meet demanding business goals. </li></ul><ul><li>The resilient, flexible, strong organizational culture that is created by such a leader attracts talented people, ensures organizational success (through thick and thin), and creates a lasting legacy. </li></ul>
  28. 28. High Potential People <ul><li>High Potential People take on demanding multiple projects and leadership roles. </li></ul><ul><li>Unforeseen events occur that delay or derail critical business initiatives under their responsibility. </li></ul><ul><li>They have daily contact with customers, suppliers and even competitors who are often irate and threatening. </li></ul><ul><li>Hundreds of emails demand immediate attention. These situations can cause the person to feel anxious, fearful and overwhelmed. </li></ul><ul><li>They may feel frustrated that things are not moving faster and may worry that problems are hurting their career. </li></ul><ul><li>Negative emotions lead to poor decisions and huge losses </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>Products flop and marketing campaigns go haywire as critical details fall through the cracks. </li></ul><ul><li>The earlier EI skills are developed , the more likely High Potentials and the company are to experience success. </li></ul><ul><li>Ensuring that high potential people develop their EI skills to the fullest ensures a cadre of competent global leaders available to introduce new products, start new businesses, and lead the integration of new acquisitions. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Managers and Supervisors <ul><li>Managers' and Supervisors' behavior and treatment of their people determine turnover and retention. </li></ul><ul><li>They interact daily with individuals who have distinct needs, wants and expectations. </li></ul><ul><li>They significantly influence the attitudes, performance, and satisfaction of employees within their department and other departments. </li></ul><ul><li>The stress of trying to lead and satisfy so many people's changing needs and expectations can be overwhelming, to say nothing of the demands from upper management. </li></ul><ul><li>Being both firm and caring at the same time causes many to feel inadequate for the role. </li></ul><ul><li>According to research forty percent of labour turnover is reportedly due to an inadequate relationship between the employee and their direct supervisor. </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>Where trust is lacking, performance suffers. Enhancing EI skills enables Supervisors and Managers to regulate their emotions and motivate themselves more effectively - allowing them to manage their own emotional turmoil effectively and demonstrate compassion and empathy for their employees. </li></ul><ul><li>EI also provides them with the courage to push against the system to make necessary changes for their people. All employees want a supportive, caring Supervisor or Manager who has their best interests at heart - knowing this, the employee will be more likely to turndown offers from other companies to work for such a person </li></ul>
  32. 32. Team Leaders and Project Managers <ul><li>Team Leaders and Project Managers are held accountable for setting and maintaining a positive environment where very diverse, non-local individuals can work together to achieve success in shorter and shorter time periods on projects of greater magnitude and importance. </li></ul><ul><li>They must eliminate roadblocks and internal and external or organizational barriers so their teams can achieve success. </li></ul><ul><li>Working in the political environment of organizations can cause a lot of frustration, anxiety, suspicion, and resentment as the maze of organizational change is deciphered. </li></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><li>Teams and projects fall behind schedule. Members leave the team, causing further delays. </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing EI skills of Team Leaders and Project Managers enables them to maintain a positive attitude as they eliminate impediments to team success. </li></ul><ul><li>By improving their own internal motivation and persistence, they motivate their team to high, sustained levels of performance and achievement. </li></ul><ul><li>Major projects of significant importance to the organization are achieved on time and on budget. </li></ul><ul><li>Critical talented staff are developed and retained. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Sales People <ul><li>Sales People frequently work with difficult prospects and customers. They often find themselves in adversarial situations over price, features, delivery schedules, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>These situations can generate anxiety, fear, frustration or even outright anger on the part of both the sales person and the customer. </li></ul><ul><li>This can lead to a vicious negative emotional cycle where sales decline, sales people are demotivated, and customers are unsatisfied and leave. </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing EI skills allows the sales person to have more control over themselves and thus the situation. </li></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><li>They are not as apt to let the customer &quot;push their buttons.&quot; They can stay mentally focused on the key issues and not &quot;give-away-the-store.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Research shows that the more optimistic a sales person is, the higher their volume and sales. </li></ul><ul><li>Optimism leads to persistence which leads to more sales. Being able to empathize with the customer allows for faster, more effective problem-solving and better communication. </li></ul><ul><li>Developing strong positive relationships with customers, through thick and thin, ensures higher sales and better cooperation when problems do arise. </li></ul>
  36. 36. Teams <ul><li>Teams are shouldering more and more responsibility for major organizational initiatives. </li></ul><ul><li>They are under pressure to work smoothly with people they may never see face-to-face both inside and outside their organization. </li></ul><ul><li>Deadlines are tight, resources are scarce, technology is rapidly advancing, and team members are constantly changing. It's easy to be dejected, overwhelmed and confused as things change about you. </li></ul><ul><li>It's normal to feel angry when a team member doesn't deliver, disgusted when resources are taken away, and angry when you are still expected to meet tight deadlines. </li></ul>
  37. 37. <ul><li>Team cohesion and effectiveness breakdown and progress slows to a creep. Product introductions are missed, and market share can be lost to competitors. </li></ul><ul><li>Teams with enhanced EI skills can dramatically shorten the storming phase of team formation. </li></ul><ul><li>Team members deal effectively and efficiently with their own and other member's emotional turmoil, using it as a source for developing team cohesion and trust. </li></ul><ul><li>Esprit de corps is developed with a can-do attitude. Major projects of significant importance to the organization are achieved on time and on budget. </li></ul><ul><li>The organization gains a reputation as a great place to work and grow. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Customer Service Representatives <ul><li>Customer Service Representatives (CSRs) deal with angry, frustrated customers continuously throughout their day. </li></ul><ul><li>They find themselves being verbally abused through no fault of their own. The customer's anger, frustration and rage can cause representatives to become nervous, mad, disgusted, and angry themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>If the representative does not have a high level of EI skills, the discussion may escalate and require the intervention of the CS Supervisor. Or worse, it can cause the company to lose that customer. </li></ul>
  39. 39. <ul><li>An upset customer will typically tell 10-15 friends about the poor treatment they received. </li></ul><ul><li>CSRs who have enhanced their EI skills can easily manage their emotional reactiveness to angry customers, maintaining a calm, polite and sincere attitude and conversation with customers in-the-moment. </li></ul><ul><li>Being able to empathize with the upset customer allows for faster, more effective problem-solving and better communication. </li></ul><ul><li>Maintaining customer satisfaction in the face of adversity and conflict builds customer loyalty. Loyal customers tell their friends. Higher customer loyalty leads to higher profitability. </li></ul>
  40. 40. Technical Professionals <ul><li>Technical Professionals are constantly under pressure to do more with less, faster, better, and cheaper. </li></ul><ul><li>They work long, hard hours to complete projects. </li></ul><ul><li>They are challenged to create and innovate, interact with a multitude of people from different functions, and do tasks, in many cases, they would like to avoid. </li></ul><ul><li>These situations can cause technical professionals to be agitated, resentful, anxious, frustrated, and stressed-out much of the day. </li></ul><ul><li>These negative emotions cause what is known as &quot;emotional hijacking&quot; - a physiological response in the brain that literally keeps people from thinking clearly. </li></ul>
  41. 41. <ul><li>Communication is hampered, more mistakes and errors are made, and creativity is blocked. </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing the Technical Professional's EI skills provides them with what they never were taught in school - how to manage their own emotional reactiveness to people and situations and how to build interpersonal skills that allow them to get other technical colleagues to help them when they need it. </li></ul><ul><li>Strong EI skills ensure that projects are completed on schedule, and that they incorporate the best innovative thinking that is available both inside and outside the organization. </li></ul>
  42. 42. Administrative Staff <ul><li>The sheer volume of work that most Administrative Staff must deal with is overwhelming. </li></ul><ul><li>They support more people who travel more and need more work done with shorter deadlines for each task. </li></ul><ul><li>New computer systems, new requirements, new policies and procedures, all add to the frustration. </li></ul><ul><li>Constant minute-by-minute interruptions are the norm. </li></ul><ul><li>Is it any wonder they feel completely overwhelmed, worried, dejected, confused, fearful and even guilty by all the various demands and expectations placed on them? </li></ul>
  43. 43. <ul><li>These feelings can lead to situations where Staff feel paralyzed by all they have to do. </li></ul><ul><li>Procrastination becomes evident, errors and mistakes increase, and feeling like they have no control often leads to a depressive state where complaining and absenteeism increases. </li></ul><ul><li>Health, attitude, and morale suffer. </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced EI skills enable people to gracefully handle multiple demands, interruptions and tight deadlines. </li></ul><ul><li>Processes, databases, and projects run more smoothly, details do not fall through the cracks, and professional staff are freed-up to focus on their work </li></ul><ul><li>contact Maxwell on : </li></ul>