Smarter, Greener Learning: Intelligent Buildings

965 views

Published on

Presentation by Richard Everett for JISC RSC London's Smarter Greener Learning event held at City Hall, London, 26/02/09

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
965
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
9
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
82
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Hello I am Richard Everett an eLearning Consultant with particular expertise in New Buildings and implementing coherent eLearning Strategies
  • Smarter, Greener Learning: Intelligent Buildings

    1. 1. Richard Everett ‘Intelligent’ Buildings Consultant Education Sector RE Youtube MB Youtube FW LSC TfLGP site Smarter, Greener Learning: A Strategic Approach for Post-16 Education
    2. 2. Ask not ‘what can you do for your technology?’ ask ‘what can your technology do for you?’ with apologies to John F Kennedy Green and Intelligent Buildings: save costs and boost productivity, sustainably!
    3. 3. ‘ Intelligent’ Building Definition <ul><li>“ Intelligent buildings should be sustainable, healthy, technologically aware, meet the needs of occupants and business and should be flexible and adaptable to deal with change” </li></ul><ul><li>Clements-Croome (2007) </li></ul>
    4. 4. Definition - 2 <ul><li>An intelligent building is a dynamic and responsive architecture that provides every occupant with productive , cost effective and environmentally approved conditions through a continuous interaction among its four basic elements: places (fabric; structure; facilities); processes ( automation; control; systems ;) people (services; users) and management (maintenance; performance) and the interrelation between them. </li></ul><ul><li>The CIB Working Group W098 (1995). </li></ul>
    5. 5. Behaviours <ul><li>Tidy or untidy </li></ul><ul><li>Methodical or haphazard </li></ul><ul><li>Good memory or Forgetful </li></ul><ul><li>Lighting, heating and systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>consume energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>control them </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Automation – switch it off! </li></ul>
    6. 6. The ideal
    7. 7. intelligent i B Unified messaging Cause and effect Building Mgmt Systems Infrastructure Trend analysis AV Digital signage Thin client Blade PCs Cashless catering IP telephony mLearning Wireless Smart cards Learning technology Library systems Room management Buildings
    8. 8. The goal – 4 E’s <ul><li>Economy = minimising cost </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency = making best use of resources </li></ul><ul><li>Effectiveness = degree of achievement of outcome </li></ul><ul><li>Efficacy = degree of relevance of outcome </li></ul>e e e e
    9. 9. Pedagogy <ul><li>Worker Performance = </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation x Ability x Opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>Tasks - Individuals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Want to do </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capable of doing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be done </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Building creates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical environment </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Pedagogy and Buildings <ul><li>“ Space has the power to condition behaviour and form personality. ... The environment affects our emotions, feelings and reactions.“ </li></ul><ul><li>Scuri (1995) </li></ul><ul><li>“ the more integrated building allows communications between staff to be considerably enhanced.” </li></ul><ul><li>Penn et al. (1977) </li></ul>
    11. 11. CLCs – the new LRCs <ul><li>communications </li></ul><ul><li>social interaction </li></ul><ul><li>flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>hierarchical and non-hierarchical organisational structures </li></ul><ul><li>work productivity </li></ul><ul><li>effectiveness of ventilation and air quality </li></ul><ul><li>privacy </li></ul><ul><li>crowding </li></ul><ul><li>individual control </li></ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul><ul><li>Ilozor (2000) </li></ul>
    12. 12. Happy workers are effective <ul><li>“ research suggests a correlation between worker productivity, wellbeing, environmental, social and organisational factors.” </li></ul><ul><li>Clements-Croome (2007) </li></ul>
    13. 13. Return on Investment <ul><li>25 </li></ul>Salary exceeds building energy and maintenance costs and annual construction rental cost by a factor of
    14. 14. <ul><li>90% </li></ul>Salary costs as a percentage of total organisational costs
    15. 15. <ul><li>1 : 5 : 200 </li></ul>Ratio of costs Construction : Maintenance Operating: Business operating
    16. 16. Annualised UK building costs <ul><li>Capital investment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>£200/m² per year </li></ul></ul><ul><li>energy and plant costs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>£10/m² per year </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Staff costs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>£15,000/m² per year </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hodgett (1993) </li></ul><ul><li>a 1% change in productivity...?? </li></ul>
    17. 17. Sydney Opera House Cost $120m Cost overrun 1700% Replacement Cost $120m
    18. 18. Energy usage <ul><li>Energy used to heat, light and ventilate buildings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>45% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Energy used to construct buildings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Edwards (2002) </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Carbon Trust <ul><li>High potential </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Building Controls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart metering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building fabric </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heating, ventilation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cooling, integrated design </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Lower potential </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biomass (for electricity generation), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nuclear Fusion, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solar photovoltaic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon Trust (2001) </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Ill advised reduction? <ul><ul><li>“ Often there is an attempt to reduce maintenance with consequential waste of energy and deteriorating environmental conditions. Evans et al (1998) point out that the building lifetime cost ratios vary but commonly are 1:5:200 to 1:10:200. In other words, the major costs of running an organisation are the salaries of the staff. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clements Croome (2007) </li></ul></ul>1 : 5 : 200 1 : 10 : 200
    21. 21. Energy efficient buildings <ul><li>The following features are important: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High levels of thermal insulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural ventilation – connected spaces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exclude excessive solar gain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High efficiency lighting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual control measures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Efficient systems equipment and appliances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employ effective facilities management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clements Croome (2007) </li></ul></ul>   
    22. 22. intelligent i B Unified messaging Cause and effect Building Mgmt Systems Infrastructure Trend analysis AV Digital signage Thin client Blade PCs Cashless catering IP telephony mLearning Wireless Smart cards Learning technology Library systems Room management Buildings
    23. 23. Post Script “ Of course, communication is vital . This means having mutual respect between fellow professionals and an open mind to include expertise from backgrounds different to those with which the building industry is familiar. For the long term, it is important that these issues are reflected in education and training courses.” Clements-Croome (2007)
    24. 24. Thank you <ul><li>Richard Everett – Independent Consultancy </li></ul><ul><li>The Old Coach House </li></ul><ul><li>9 High Street </li></ul><ul><li>Old Town </li></ul><ul><li>Stevenage </li></ul><ul><li>SG1 3BG </li></ul><ul><li>01438 215 447 </li></ul><ul><li>07766 611 826 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>www.intelligentbuilders.co.uk </li></ul>

    ×