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Problems in multicultural_collection_development


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From 2007, this is a presentation I did on cataloging issues related to Racism.

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Problems in multicultural_collection_development

  1. 1. Problems in Multicultural Collection Development And Some Remedies Presentation By Max Macias
  2. 2. Three Major Challenges  Review Resources  Suffer from invisibility in publishing world  Small Press  Limited print runs  Not covered in Most reference review journals  Expensive  Might have to buy from other country.
  3. 3. Review Resources  Journals do not cover diverse titles well.  Study of 148 classic African-American works  Choice Review=76% of titles  Library Journal=13%  Reference Users Services Quarterly=3%  African-American Reference books are 3x more likely to receive mixed reviews than their general reference counterparts.  Bibliographers tend to replicate biases of general society (Warner 2001)
  4. 4. Review Resources 2  Review resources are important because librarians use these materials to select items for their collections.  So, if the reviews are not comprehensive, then the librarians will not be making informed judgments about their purchases.
  5. 5. Invisibility in Publishing Industry  Partly the result of racism in larger society  Minorities don’t produce the amount of published works that general American culture does.  Don’t have the resources, or time to write or publish.  Less publishers are available to ‘specialized markets.’  (Warner 2001)
  6. 6. Invisibility in Publishing Industry 2  Approval Plans  Library fills out profile for vendor  Vendor sends publications to library based on profile and vendor inventory.  Good for mainstream publications  Diverse materials has history marginalization  Published by small independent presses  Non-profits  Self-published
  7. 7. Invisibility in Publishing Industry 3  Approval Plans 2  Don’t do a good job of covering these types of publications.  These publications are usually small print runs  Takes resources to research and purchase  Staff time locating material  May be more expensive
  8. 8. Invisibility in Publishing Industry 4  International resources  One may have to reach out to international publishers for materials.  Good material, but high costs  Often smaller print runs because of smaller markets  Takes staff time
  9. 9. Library Diversification  “If libraries truly wish to diversify their collections they must widen their searching to accepting titles that do not always resemble [traditional] scholarly materials.”
  10. 10. Cataloging challenges  Biased subject headings  LC term for Asians was ‘Yellow Peril’ until 1989  18yrs after first challenged  Subject headings depend on cultural reference points  Western, white, male, heterosexual, middle class still considered the normal view.
  11. 11. Conclusions  Suggestions recommended by researchers  Consult communities to ask and see how they name and describe themselves.  “Librarians, particularly management must be willing to make time and money resources available for to improve diversification.”  Increase minorities in Info-library science programs.
  12. 12. Conclusions 2  1997-98 79.1 % of grads were white.  Rethink collection development philosophies  Increase languages in all areas  Responsible to develop at least basic coll.  Multi-cultural/lingual staff  Systematic, sustainably funded programs
  13. 13. Bilbliography  Josey, E. J., (2000). Diversity in libraries, address delivered at the Chesterfield County Public Library Staff Day, Chesterfield, Virginia, December 8, 2000. Retrieved on 7/20/07 from:  Gilbert, E. (Spring 1999) Diversity and Collection Development [Electronic version]. Library Philosophy and Practice vol. 1, no. 2 (Spring 1999). Retrieved July 20, 2007, from  Warner, J. N. (2001). Moving Beyond Whiteness in North American Academic Libraries [Electronic version]. Libri, 2001, vol. 51, pp. 167-172