And Some Remedies
Presentation By Max Macias
Three Major Challenges
Suffer from invisibility in publishing world
Limited print runs
Not covered in Most reference review journals
Might have to buy from other country.
Journals do not cover diverse titles well.
Study of 148 classic African-American works
Choice Review=76% of titles
Reference Users Services Quarterly=3%
African-American Reference books are 3x more likely to
receive mixed reviews than their general reference
Bibliographers tend to replicate biases of general
society (Warner 2001)
Review Resources 2
Review resources are important because
librarians use these materials to select
items for their collections.
So, if the reviews are not comprehensive,
then the librarians will not be making
informed judgments about their purchases.
Invisibility in Publishing Industry
Partly the result of racism in larger society
Minorities don’t produce the amount of published
works that general American culture does.
Don’t have the resources, or time to write or
Less publishers are available to ‘specialized
Invisibility in Publishing Industry 2
Library fills out profile for vendor
Vendor sends publications to library based on
profile and vendor inventory.
Good for mainstream publications
Diverse materials has history marginalization
Published by small independent presses
Invisibility in Publishing Industry 3
Approval Plans 2
Don’t do a good job of covering these types of
These publications are usually small print runs
Takes resources to research and purchase
Staff time locating material
May be more expensive
Invisibility in Publishing Industry 4
One may have to reach out to international
publishers for materials.
Good material, but high costs
Often smaller print runs because of smaller markets
Takes staff time
“If libraries truly wish to diversify their
collections they must widen their searching
to accepting titles that do not always
resemble [traditional] scholarly materials.”
Biased subject headings
LC term for Asians was ‘Yellow Peril’ until 1989
18yrs after first challenged
Subject headings depend on cultural reference
Western, white, male, heterosexual, middle class still
considered the normal view.
Suggestions recommended by researchers
Consult communities to ask and see how they
name and describe themselves.
“Librarians, particularly management must be
willing to make time and money resources
available for to improve diversification.”
Increase minorities in Info-library science
1997-98 79.1 % of grads were white.
Rethink collection development
Increase languages in all areas
Responsible to develop at least basic coll.
Systematic, sustainably funded programs
Josey, E. J., (2000). Diversity in libraries, address delivered
at the Chesterfield County Public Library Staff Day,
Chesterfield, Virginia, December 8, 2000. Retrieved on
Gilbert, E. (Spring 1999) Diversity and Collection
Development [Electronic version]. Library Philosophy and
Practice vol. 1, no. 2 (Spring 1999). Retrieved July 20, 2007,
Warner, J. N. (2001). Moving Beyond Whiteness in North
American Academic Libraries [Electronic version]. Libri, 2001,
vol. 51, pp. 167-172