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Information Anywhere<br />Mobile Technology, Libraries and Health<br />
Agenda<br />Introduction<br />The Modern Mobile/Smartphone Landscape<br />Development and Design Part I: Mobile Site Gener...
Mobile is everywhere<br />More people today have access to a mobile phone than to clean water or the electrical grid.<br /...
Mobile Devices<br />Apple iPhone, iPod Touch<br />Droid<br />Blackberry Curve and Storm<br />HTC<br />Palm<br />Kindle<br ...
mHealth<br />The practice of medicine and public health, supported by mobile devices, such as smart phones and wireless co...
“…smartphones are not miniature PCs but ‘a whole ecosystem with its own set of rules’”<br />Alexandre Mars, "Importing Mob...
Statistics	<br />aka “Preaching to the Choir”<br />
Mobile Phone Adoption Worldwide<br />Subscriber base > 5 billion<br />China: 57 % of population<br />India: 48 % of popula...
How do people feel about their phones?<br />http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2011/Smartphones.aspx<br />
Demographics in general<br />
How are people using their mobile phones?<br />
How are people using their mobile phones?<br />
Statistics Overload<br />95% send or receive text messages<br />93% use their phone to take pictures<br />81% send photos ...
15% of all adults who use a cell phone to look for health information<br />
How are YOU using mobile technologies?<br />How are the doctors or other health professionals using mobile technologies?<b...
iOS devices<br />iPhone, iPad, iPod Touch<br />Available through AT&T, Verizon, Sprint<br />Debuted in 2007<br />Apps deve...
Android devices<br />Too many to list<br />Available on all major carriers<br />Debuted in 2008<br />Apps developed in Jav...
Blackberry & Microsoft Devices<br />BB<br />Too many to list<br />Available on all major carriers<br />Debuted in ~1996<br...
Which platform to support?<br />Mobile web use<br />(August 2010)<br />Market share – devices sold<br />(July 2010)<br />A...
Tablets<br />Apple iPad<br />HP TouchPad<br />Samsung Galaxy<br />
Apps Available on Tablets<br />
Developing and Designing for mobile Part I<br />Web App Development<br />
Pre Development<br />Survey!  Who’s your audience? What mobile devices are they using?  How are they using them?<br />Are ...
Single platform
Full hardware access (GPS, camera, accelerometer, etc.)
Can be used offline
Tricky to get usage statistics
Make new version for each platform</li></ul>Webapp<br /><ul><li>HTML, CSS, Javascript
Mutli-platform (with caveats)
Limited hardware access (GPS?)
Requires Internet connection (with caveats)
Standard webstats (with caveats)</li></li></ul><li>Dedicated Mobile Website vs Native App<br />HTML5<br />Allow visitors t...
Designing for the Mobile Web<br />Prioritize features and content<br />Sacrifice!<br />Reduce levels of hierarchy for cont...
Work with what you have<br />Modifying the ‘meta name’ in the HTML of the website<br /><meta name="viewport" content="widt...
Work with what you have<br />Media Queries aka Adaptive Layout<br /><link rel="stylesheet" href="…" media="print" /><br />...
Resources to Help with Mobile Web Development<br />HTML5<br />How to Build a Mobile Website, http://www.smashingmagazine.c...
Handheld-Friendly Library Websites<br />
UIC Mobile Site Walkthrough<br />http://m.lib.uic.edu<br />
Sample Pages<br />
UpToDate and IEEE Xplore<br />
Using Mobile Site Generators<br />Left: Mobile Site Generator created by Chad Haefele (NCState), among others we will look...
Mobile Devices and Health<br />
The Times, They are a Changin’<br />1994<br />1929<br />2011<br />
<ul><li> Digestible</li></ul>  RFID Pills<br />NETWORK<br /><ul><li> Sphygmomanometer
Blood pressure
  Pulse
 Glucometer
 Blood sugar
 Bathroom Scale
 Weight
 Water loss/gain
 Smart Band-Aids</li></ul>   - Chemistry<br />
Physician Adoption<br /># of physicians who own smartphones will increase from 64% in 2009 to 81% by 2012<br />No longer u...
Patient Communication and Disease Management<br />Appointment reminders<br />Medication reminders<br />Patient education<b...
Access to Resources<br />Formularies<br />Guidelines<br />Decision support<br />Medical Calculators<br />
Point-of-Care Documentation<br />Patient History Access<br />Patient Info Capture<br />Transmission of Patient Info<br />
Education Programs<br />Teaching clinicians<br />Patient Education<br />
Administration & Financials<br />Mobile clinical assistants<br />Self check-in<br />Asset tracking<br />Scheduling<br />Be...
Ambulance/EMS<br />Advance triage<br />Patient record<br />Emergency self-care<br />First aid information<br />
Public Health<br />Track diseases<br />Mapping applications<br />Dissemination of information re: outbreaks<br />Ex. NYC C...
Pharma/Clinical Trials<br />Patient feedback systems<br />Automatic, scheduled and ad hoc information transmission<br />Re...
Body Area Network (BAN)<br />Mobile wearable or implanted sensors<br />Monitors chronic disease<br />Transmits data in rea...
49<br />mHealth – NLM Mobile Applications<br />www.nlm.nih.gov/mobile/<br />
Personal Health & Wellness Apps<br />Calorie Counters<br />Lose It!<br />MyFitnessPal<br />Medication Compliance<br />Meds...
Clinical Apps<br />Calculators<br />Calculate by QxMD<br />MedCalc<br />Current Updates<br />MedPage Today<br />Public Hea...
Research & Library Apps<br />Searching<br />PubMed Mobile Beta (website)<br />PubMed OnTap<br />Ready Reference<br />Epony...
Productivity<br />Note-taking/Lists<br />Evernote<br />Springpad<br />Personal Finance<br />Mint.com<br />PageOnce<br />Tr...
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Information Anywhere

  1. 1. Information Anywhere<br />Mobile Technology, Libraries and Health<br />
  2. 2. Agenda<br />Introduction<br />The Modern Mobile/Smartphone Landscape<br />Development and Design Part I: Mobile Site Generator<br />Health/Medicine in the Mobile/Smartphone Landscape<br />Development and Design Part II: Native App Generator<br />QR Codes<br />Augmented Reality<br />Conclusion<br />
  3. 3. Mobile is everywhere<br />More people today have access to a mobile phone than to clean water or the electrical grid.<br />~http://water.org/learn-about-the-water-crisis/facts/<br />Photo by Flickr user haerath<br />
  4. 4. Mobile Devices<br />Apple iPhone, iPod Touch<br />Droid<br />Blackberry Curve and Storm<br />HTC<br />Palm<br />Kindle<br />iPad<br />Etc.<br />What do you have?<br />
  5. 5. mHealth<br />The practice of medicine and public health, supported by mobile devices, such as smart phones and wireless connectivity, for health services and information.<br />The use of mobile devices to support health related monitoring and self-help activities.<br />
  6. 6. “…smartphones are not miniature PCs but ‘a whole ecosystem with its own set of rules’”<br />Alexandre Mars, "Importing Mobile Marketing Tools," Brandweek, vol. 51, no. 7 (2010), p. 17.<br />
  7. 7. Statistics <br />aka “Preaching to the Choir”<br />
  8. 8. Mobile Phone Adoption Worldwide<br />Subscriber base > 5 billion<br />China: 57 % of population<br />India: 48 % of population<br />United States: 89 % of population<br />“Five billion phones means there are more than three times as many phones as personal computers”<br />Ben Wood Analyst, CCS Insighthttp://www.ccsinsight.com/<br />
  9. 9. How do people feel about their phones?<br />http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2011/Smartphones.aspx<br />
  10. 10. Demographics in general<br />
  11. 11. How are people using their mobile phones?<br />
  12. 12. How are people using their mobile phones?<br />
  13. 13. Statistics Overload<br />95% send or receive text messages<br />93% use their phone to take pictures<br />81% send photos or videos to others <br />65% access the internet on their mobile device <br />64% play music on their phones <br />60% use their phones to play games or record a video<br />52% have used their phone to send or receive email<br />48% have accessed a social networking site on their phone <br />by text message<br />46% use instant messaging on their mobile device <br />40% have watched a video on their phone <br />33% have posted a photo or video online from their phone <br />21% have used a status update service such as Twitter from their phone <br />20% have purchased something using their mobile phone <br />19% have made a charitable donation by text message<br />Pew Internet, Mobile Access 2010, July 7, 2010<br />
  14. 14. 15% of all adults who use a cell phone to look for health information<br />
  15. 15. How are YOU using mobile technologies?<br />How are the doctors or other health professionals using mobile technologies?<br />How are your patrons using mobile technologies?<br />
  16. 16. iOS devices<br />iPhone, iPad, iPod Touch<br />Available through AT&T, Verizon, Sprint<br />Debuted in 2007<br />Apps developed in Objective C<br />More than 475,000 apps (150K for iPad)<br />
  17. 17.
  18. 18. Android devices<br />Too many to list<br />Available on all major carriers<br />Debuted in 2008<br />Apps developed in Java<br />More than 300,000 apps<br />
  19. 19.
  20. 20. Blackberry & Microsoft Devices<br />BB<br />Too many to list<br />Available on all major carriers<br />Debuted in ~1996<br />More modern devices: 2005<br />About 10,000 apps<br />Microsoft – Windows Phone<br />Debuted in 2010<br />Comes with MS Office<br />30,000 apps (as of Aug. 2011)<br />Marketplace: http://www.windowsphone.com/en-US/marketplace<br />
  21. 21. Which platform to support?<br />Mobile web use<br />(August 2010)<br />Market share – devices sold<br />(July 2010)<br />Anon. 2010. August 2010 Mobile OS Share. Quantcast Blog. September 3. http://blog.quantcast.com/quantcast/2010/09/august-2010-mobile-os-share.html.<br />Anon. 2010. comScore Reports July 2010 U.S. Mobile Subscriber Market Share -- RESTON, Va., Sept. 15 /PRNewswire/ --. http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/comscore-reports-july-2010-us-mobile-subscriber-market-share-102969094.html.<br />
  22. 22. Tablets<br />Apple iPad<br />HP TouchPad<br />Samsung Galaxy<br />
  23. 23. Apps Available on Tablets<br />
  24. 24. Developing and Designing for mobile Part I<br />Web App Development<br />
  25. 25. Pre Development<br />Survey! Who’s your audience? What mobile devices are they using? How are they using them?<br />Are you going to make an app or a webapp?<br />App<br /><ul><li>Java, Objective C, JQuery Mobile
  26. 26. Single platform
  27. 27. Full hardware access (GPS, camera, accelerometer, etc.)
  28. 28. Can be used offline
  29. 29. Tricky to get usage statistics
  30. 30. Make new version for each platform</li></ul>Webapp<br /><ul><li>HTML, CSS, Javascript
  31. 31. Mutli-platform (with caveats)
  32. 32. Limited hardware access (GPS?)
  33. 33. Requires Internet connection (with caveats)
  34. 34. Standard webstats (with caveats)</li></li></ul><li>Dedicated Mobile Website vs Native App<br />HTML5<br />Allow visitors to access the full site<br />Allow visitors to report bugs<br />Keep it simple – don’t cram the entire full-browser site into a mobile site<br />
  35. 35. Designing for the Mobile Web<br />Prioritize features and content<br />Sacrifice!<br />Reduce levels of hierarchy for content<br />Flatten the structure of your site so visitors don’t get lost<br />Data entry is awkward (don’t make me type too much)<br />Encourage selection rather than typing<br />Keep forms to a minimum<br />Download speeds can be much slower than on desktops<br />Minimize the use of elements that require more processing time<br />
  36. 36. Work with what you have<br />Modifying the ‘meta name’ in the HTML of the website<br /><meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width" /> <br />Adjust text size<br />html { -webkit-text-size-adjust: auto; /* Automatically adjusted for Safari on iPhone. */ -ms-text-size-adjust: auto; } <br />
  37. 37. Work with what you have<br />Media Queries aka Adaptive Layout<br /><link rel="stylesheet" href="…" media="print" /><br /><link rel="stylesheet" media="only screen and (max-device-width: 480px)"href="mobile.css" /><br />
  38. 38. Resources to Help with Mobile Web Development<br />HTML5<br />How to Build a Mobile Website, http://www.smashingmagazine.com/2010/11/03/how-to-build-a-mobile-website/<br />Mobile Design, http://mobithinking.com/mobile-user-design<br />Some Companies*<br />Mobify, http://mobify.me/<br />MoFuse, http://www.mofuse.com/<br />SproutCore, http://www.sproutcore.com/ (this one is open source)<br />*More than willing to take your money<br />
  39. 39. Handheld-Friendly Library Websites<br />
  40. 40. UIC Mobile Site Walkthrough<br />http://m.lib.uic.edu<br />
  41. 41. Sample Pages<br />
  42. 42. UpToDate and IEEE Xplore<br />
  43. 43. Using Mobile Site Generators<br />Left: Mobile Site Generator created by Chad Haefele (NCState), among others we will look at…<br />www.hiddenpeanuts.com/msg<br />13<br />
  44. 44. Mobile Devices and Health<br />
  45. 45. The Times, They are a Changin’<br />1994<br />1929<br />2011<br />
  46. 46. <ul><li> Digestible</li></ul> RFID Pills<br />NETWORK<br /><ul><li> Sphygmomanometer
  47. 47. Blood pressure
  48. 48. Pulse
  49. 49. Glucometer
  50. 50. Blood sugar
  51. 51. Bathroom Scale
  52. 52. Weight
  53. 53. Water loss/gain
  54. 54. Smart Band-Aids</li></ul> - Chemistry<br />
  55. 55. Physician Adoption<br /># of physicians who own smartphones will increase from 64% in 2009 to 81% by 2012<br />No longer using it as a reference device but as a computer replacement<br />1 in 5 plan to buy an iPad<br />How can physicians use mobile technology… to communicate with their patients? (And are they doing it?)<br />
  56. 56. Patient Communication and Disease Management<br />Appointment reminders<br />Medication reminders<br />Patient education<br />Care communication<br />Disease management<br />Patients monitor and report their health data<br />Interactive applications<br />
  57. 57. Access to Resources<br />Formularies<br />Guidelines<br />Decision support<br />Medical Calculators<br />
  58. 58. Point-of-Care Documentation<br />Patient History Access<br />Patient Info Capture<br />Transmission of Patient Info<br />
  59. 59. Education Programs<br />Teaching clinicians<br />Patient Education<br />
  60. 60. Administration & Financials<br />Mobile clinical assistants<br />Self check-in<br />Asset tracking<br />Scheduling<br />Bed management<br />Charge capture<br />Eligibility info<br />Billing<br />
  61. 61. Ambulance/EMS<br />Advance triage<br />Patient record<br />Emergency self-care<br />First aid information<br />
  62. 62. Public Health<br />Track diseases<br />Mapping applications<br />Dissemination of information re: outbreaks<br />Ex. NYC CondomFinder<br />
  63. 63. Pharma/Clinical Trials<br />Patient feedback systems<br />Automatic, scheduled and ad hoc information transmission<br />Rely on instrument rather than patient for routine data collection<br />
  64. 64. Body Area Network (BAN)<br />Mobile wearable or implanted sensors<br />Monitors chronic disease<br />Transmits data in real time<br />May automatically treat patients (insulin)<br />Still in primitive stage of development<br />Big issue: security<br />
  65. 65. 49<br />mHealth – NLM Mobile Applications<br />www.nlm.nih.gov/mobile/<br />
  66. 66. Personal Health & Wellness Apps<br />Calorie Counters<br />Lose It!<br />MyFitnessPal<br />Medication Compliance<br />Medsy<br />Med Helper<br />Monitoring and Record Keeping<br />Instant Heart Rate<br />QuantiaCare for Diabetes<br />AsthmaMD<br />Symptom Checker<br />iTriage<br />MedlinePlus (website)<br />Companies<br />Walgreens<br />Gazelle (Quest Diagnostics)<br />From: GetMobilized Course, South Central MLA<br />
  67. 67. Clinical Apps<br />Calculators<br />Calculate by QxMD<br />MedCalc<br />Current Updates<br />MedPage Today<br />Public Health News (Harvard)<br />Diagnosis & Protocol Reference<br />Diagnosaurus<br />ePSS: Electronic Preventative Services Selector (AHRQ)<br />Drug & Interaction Reference<br />Epocrates<br />Micromedix<br />Patient Communication & Reference<br />MediBabble<br />Multifunction<br />Medscape<br />Skyscape<br />From: GetMobilized Course, South Central MLA<br />
  68. 68. Research & Library Apps<br />Searching<br />PubMed Mobile Beta (website)<br />PubMed OnTap<br />Ready Reference<br />Eponyms<br />Medical Encyclopedia (Univ. Maryland Med Center)<br />Plain-language Medical Dictionary (Taubman HSL)<br />Anatomy<br />Netter’s Atlas<br />3D Brain<br />Vendor Apps<br />WorldCat<br />AccessMyLibrary (Gale)<br />NEJM This Week<br />PLoS Medicine <br />PLoS One to Go<br />From: GetMobilized Course, South Central MLA<br />
  69. 69. Productivity<br />Note-taking/Lists<br />Evernote<br />Springpad<br />Personal Finance<br />Mint.com<br />PageOnce<br />Travel<br />PageOnce Travel<br />TripIt<br />Reading<br />Kindle Reading App<br />Stanza<br />Collaboration<br />DropBoxGoogleDocs<br />Networking & Communication<br />Skype<br />Facebook<br />Twitter<br />Google+<br />From: GetMobilized Course, South Central MLA<br />
  70. 70. Where Libraries Fit<br />What is your library doing?<br />What would you like to see your library do:<br />For you?<br />For your patrons?<br />M-Libraries<br />http://libsuccess.org/index.php?title=M-Libraries<br />Lists libraries offering mobile interfaces or apps (including UIUC – mobile website and Indiana Search U - application)<br />Vendors and Publishers offering mobile interfaces or apps<br />Mobile Instruction, mobile tours of the library<br />
  71. 71. Developing and Designing for mobile Part II<br />Native App Development<br />
  72. 72. Create an App or Website<br />
  73. 73. QR Codes<br />
  74. 74. QR Codes<br />
  75. 75. Uses for QR Codes<br />
  76. 76. Some, uh, Interesting Uses of QR Codes<br />
  77. 77. Generating a QR Code<br />http://qrcode.kaywa.com/<br />For non-commercial use only<br />Can create a barcode that points to a URL, Text, Phone Number or SMS<br />
  78. 78. QR Codes Do Not Have to be Boring!<br />Add color or images<br />Soften hard edges with round corners<br />Give it a 3D effect<br />
  79. 79. Augmented Reality<br />
  80. 80. AR<br />
  81. 81. Example: Hallux Angles - Radiology<br />
  82. 82. Watching Trends, Keeping Up<br />
  83. 83. Bibliography<br />Books<br />Bednarz, Ann. The Networked World. Network World. 9 May 2011.<br />Fling, Brian.  Mobile Design & Development: Practical Concepts and Techniques for Creating Mobile Sites and Web Apps.  Sebastopol, CA: O'Reilly, 2009.  Print.<br />Griffey, Jason.  Mobile Technology and Libraries.  New York: Neal-Schuman, 2010.  Print.<br />Articles<br />Aldrich, Alan W. "Universities and Libraries Move to the Mobile Web" Educause. Vol 23, no. 2, p. <br />Warren, Christina.  "How to: Optimize Your Mobile Site Across Multiple Platforms" Mashable [accessed: July 15, 2010] link: http://mashable.com/2010/07/13/mobile-web-optimization/<br />
  84. 84. Bibliography<br />Presentations<br />Tessier, Claudia.  The 12 mHealth Application Clusters.  http://www.scribd.com/doc/27854061/The-12-mHealth-Application-Clusters<br />Web Links<br />Delicious Links, http://www.delicious.com/maxlibris/informationanywhere.class<br />
  85. 85. Thank you!<br />Max Anderson, MLIS<br />NN/LM GMR<br />max@uic.edu<br />312-996-2464<br />

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