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Acupuncture PStim Power Point

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Acupuncture is one of the oldest types of therapy known to us for about five thousand years. It originated in Asia, specifically in China, was developed further and constituted a very essential part of medicine in that part of the world. In the West, acupuncture was virtually unknown until the year 1972. Professor Bischko was able to prove its mode of action using scientifically recognized methods of Western medicine.

Electro-acupuncture is already used on a word-wide scale at present, but has found only limited application in auricular acupuncture, due to the currently relatively large sized equipment. For this reason, a miniature form of electro- acupuncture has been developed, in order to permit carrying out long term auricular acupuncture. The main component of the device is a micro controller (in further sequence a microchip), which allows continuous stimulation in conjunction with an integrated acupuncture needle.

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Acupuncture PStim Power Point

  1. 1. PStim - Percutaneous Electro-Acupuncture Stimulation www.pstimusa.com
  2. 2. Why Acupuncture? 1. !Resources KSUWsCO-C. Literature3.jpg. [cited 2013 March 10]; Books Photo - Literature]. Available from: http://www.k-state.edu/womenscenter/Violencework%20Advocacy/Womens%20Center%20Materials/Materials/other_related_sites.htm.!
  3. 3. Similarities to our Treatment 2. !Info ESCD. botox_effect.jpg. [cited 2013 March 10]; Available from: http://www.excessivesweatingcauses.info/botox-injections-for-treating-excessive-sweating/.! 1. !P-Stim USA L. P-Stim-Device-218x143.jpg. 2012 [cited 2013 March 10];
  4. 4. Auricular acupuncture “The innervation of the auricle is the theoretical basis of different reflex therapies.” -E.T. Peuker Clinical Anatomy 2002 1. !Peuker ET, Filler TJ. The nerve supply of the human auricle. Clin Anat. 2002;15(1):35-7. Epub 2002/02/09.!
  5. 5. “The innervation of the auricle is the theoretical basis of different reflex therapies.” -E.T. Peuker Clinical Anatomy 2002 1. !Peuker ET, Filler TJ. The nerve supply of the human auricle. Clin Anat. 2002;15(1):35-7. Epub 2002/02/09.! 2. !P-Stim USA L. P-Stim-Device-218x143.jpg. 2012 [cited 2013 March 10]; ! Shen Men: Stress, Pain, Anxiety Gall Bladder Meridian Vitality: Immune Disorders, Energy AURICULAR ACUPUNCTURE
  6. 6. 1. !Gach MR. gfx_ptlocation.gif. 2010 [cited 2013 March 10]; Available from: http://www.acupressure.com/acu-yoga/.! ! 2. !Hays J. 20080311-Accupuncture products stomach meridian points.jpg. 2012 [cited 2013 March 10].! ! 3. !La Touche R, Angulo-Diaz-Parreno S, de-la-Hoz JL, Fernandez-Carnero J, Ge HY, Linares MT, et al. Effectiveness of acupuncture in the treatment of temporomandibular disorders of muscular origin: a systematic review of the last decade. Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, NY. 2010;16(1):107-12. Epub 2009/12/30.! ! Acupoints For “TMD” and Headache Gall Bladder 20 Stomach 2,5,6,7 Small Intestine 19
  7. 7. !   Heart !   Liver !   Small Intestine !   Large Intestine !   Bladder Traditional: Mystical? 1. !Blanchard, K. Artist's Rendition of Ancient Chinese anatomical drawing Adapted from Dr. Joseph Wong's "A Manual of Neuro-Anatomical Acupuncture; volume 1". 2013.!
  8. 8. What Does Needling Do? Increased Activity of Pain Modulation and Decreased Activity of Pain Cognition and Affect" 1. !Chae Y, Chang DS, Lee SH, Jung WM, Lee IS, Jackson S, et al. Inserting Needles Into the Body: A Meta-Analysis of Brain Activity Associated With Acupuncture Needle Stimulation. J Pain. 2013. Epub 2013/02/12.!
  9. 9. What Does Touch Do? Same areas are active; to a much lesser degree"1. !Chae Y, Chang DS, Lee SH, Jung WM, Lee IS, Jackson S, et al. Inserting Needles Into the Body: A Meta-Analysis of Brain Activity Associated With Acupuncture Needle Stimulation. J Pain. 2013. Epub 2013/02/12.!
  10. 10. Mechanisms? Endorphins?" Pain 1. !Melzack R, Guite S, Gonshor A. Relief of dental pain by ice massage of the hand. Canadian Medical Association journal. 1980;122(2):189-91. Epub 1980/01/26.! 2. !Miura K, Ohara T, Zeredo JL, Okada Y, Toda K, Sumikawa K. Effects of traditional "Juci" (contralateral acupuncture) on orofacial nociceptive behavior in the rat. Journal of anesthesia. 2007;21(1):31-6. Epub 2007/02/08.! 3. !Shen J. Research on the neurophysiological mechanisms of acupuncture: review of selected studies and methodological issues. The Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine. 2001;7(1):121-7.! 4. !Rosted P. Introduction to acupuncture in dentistry. British dental journal. 2000;189(3):136-40. Epub 2000/10/06.! 5. !Kaptchuk TJ. Acupuncture: theory, efficacy, and practice. Annals of internal medicine. 2002;136(5):374-83. Epub 2002/03/05.! 6. !Naloxone. [cited 2013 March 11]; Photo; Naloxone]. Available from: http://www.launc.tased.edu.au/online/sciences/agsci/alkalo/medicin.htm.! 7. !Acupuncture Cartoon. [cited 2013 March 11]; Available from: http://www.medicalboox.com/2012/08/finding-success-in-using-acupuncture.html#sthash.jfxbwink.ngPoSHW0.dpbs.! ! No Pain Pain
  11. 11. Mechanisms? 1. !Melzack R, Guite S, Gonshor A. Relief of dental pain by ice massage of the hand. Canadian Medical Association journal. 1980;122(2):189-91. Epub 1980/01/26.! 2. !Miura K, Ohara T, Zeredo JL, Okada Y, Toda K, Sumikawa K. Effects of traditional "Juci" (contralateral acupuncture) on orofacial nociceptive behavior in the rat. Journal of anesthesia. 2007;21(1):31-6. Epub 2007/02/08.! 3. !Shen J. Research on the neurophysiological mechanisms of acupuncture: review of selected studies and methodological issues. The Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine. 2001;7(1):121-7.! 4. !Rosted P. Introduction to acupuncture in dentistry. British dental journal. 2000;189(3):136-40. Epub 2000/10/06.! 5. !Picture In a Dream. 2012 [cited 2013 March 11]; Available from: http://picinadream.blogspot.ca/2012/04/illustration-friday-puzzled.html.! ! Bunny 1 Acupuncture CSF Exchange Bunny 2 Has no Pain
  12. 12. Stim de Qi"1. !Xu SB, Huang B, Zhang CY, Du P, Yuan Q, Bi GJ, et al. Effectiveness of strengthened stimulation during acupuncture for the treatment of Bell palsy: a randomized controlled trial. CMAJ. 2013. Epub 2013/02/27.!
  13. 13. Kaptchuk TJ. Acupuncture: theory, efficacy, and practice. Annals of internal medicine. 2002;136(5):374-83. Epub 2002/03/05.! •  Historically, acupuncturists consider the patient– physician relationship and therapeutic encounter itself to be inherently potent and sufficient to promote healing !
  14. 14. Haour F. [Mechanisms of placebo effect and of conditioning: neurobiological data in human and animals]. Med Sci (Paris). 2005;21(3):315-9. Mecanismes de l'effet placebo et du conditionnement: donnees neurobiologiques chez l'homme et l'animal.
 •  ...placebo induces biological or psychological effects in the human... Dopamine and endorphins have been clearly involved as mediators of the placebo effect. Brain imaging has demonstrated that the placebo effect activates the brain similarly as the active drug and in the same brain area. ! 1. !Placebo.jpg. [cited 2013 March 11]; Photo - Brain, Stethescope, Placebo! ]. Available from: http://www.taringa.net/posts/ciencia-educacion/16172253/Megapost-13-Cosas-Inexplicables-para-la-ciencia.html.!
  15. 15. Conclusions Acupuncture increases practitioner- patient interaction (therapy or placebo?) Interaction and Touch alter neurotransmitters and brain function to promote relief from pain Acupuncture does what touch does, but more intensely Stimulated acupuncture does this even more so

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