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Implications of Emissions Trading Scheme for Information Systems

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Implications of Emissions Trading Scheme for Information Systems

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Implications of Emissions Trading Scheme for Information Systems

  1. 1. Citysmart Innovation Festival Implications of Emissions Trading Scheme for Information Systems Extract of a presentation by Micheal Axelsen 19 May 2009
  2. 2. <ul><li>Micheal Axelsen is Chair of the CPA Australia Information Technology & Management Centre of Excellence, and is a consultant and Director of Applied Insight Pty Ltd, and is based in Brisbane. As an information systems consultant, his primary professional interest is in ensuring that clients have the right enterprise data governance strategies and practical approaches in meeting business compliance obligations. </li></ul><ul><li>To this end he is currently undertaking a PhD investigating the effects of accounting standard changes upon IS audit. If you aren’t careful he will tell you all about it. </li></ul><ul><li>He holds a Bachelor of Commerce (Hons) and a Masters of Information Systems, and is an FCPA. </li></ul><ul><li>Micheal can be contacted on 0412 526 375 or micheal.axelsen@appliedinsight.com.au at any time. </li></ul><ul><li>The material presented in this discussion was supported under Australian Research Council's Linkage Projects funding scheme (project number LP0882068). </li></ul>
  3. 3. Information Systems Image from Flickr User pfala .  Some Rights Reserved .
  4. 4. Information Systems <ul><li>Compliance with the reporting requirements (National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007) means the development or implementation of major information systems. </li></ul><ul><li>NGERS is independent of the CPRS – and captures more companies than the CPRS. </li></ul><ul><li>The current proposed delay of one year has some impact on the carbon pricing models, but compliance efforts by NGER reporting entities will need to continue. </li></ul><ul><li>Reporting entities (entities producing > 125KT in 2008/2009, through to > 50kt CO2 equivalents by 2010/2011) will need to report emissions by one of four methodologies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Method 1: the National Greenhouse Accounts default method </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Method 2: a facility-specific method using industry sampling and listed Australian or international standards or equivalent for analysing fuels and raw materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Method 3: a facility-specific method using Australian or international standards or equivalent for sampling and analysing fuels and raw materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Method 4: direct monitoring of emission systems, on either a continuous or periodic basis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Methods 1-3 are estimates of emissions based upon increasingly accurate emissions factors. Method 4 monitors actual emissions. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Information systems <ul><li>A single annual emissions report is required by 31 October each year under NGER Act. </li></ul><ul><li>Information that should be kept – electronically or in paper-based form - includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a list of all sources monitored </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the activity data used for calculation of greenhouse gas emissions for each source </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>categorised by process and fuel or material type </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>documentary evidence relating to calculations – e.g. receipts, invoices & payment methods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>documentation of the methods used for greenhouse gas emissions and energy estimations </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Information systems <ul><ul><li>documents justifying selection of the monitoring methods chosen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>documentation of the collection process for activity data for a facility and its sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>records supporting business decisions, especially for high-risk areas relating to reporting coverage and accuracy. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>AS ISO 15489 (the Australian and international standard for record management) provides guidance – but not all documents are records! </li></ul><ul><li>Management of information over the lifecycle is a challenge due to potential changing definitions and criteria </li></ul>
  7. 7. Information Systems <ul><li>Under the CPRS, liable entities whose emissions exceed 125K tonnes per annum (‘Large Emitters’) must have their emissions independently audited. For all other entities under NGERS and the CPRS, they may be subject to audit on suspicion of non-compliance or on a risk-management basis. </li></ul><ul><li>As report identifies actual CO2 equivalent emissions, and thus the number of permits surrendered, business must ensure its calculation is accurate, and that people understand the report and data they are producing. </li></ul><ul><li>To support auditable systems, the information systems of liable entities will need to address asset safeguarding, data integrity, system effectiveness and system efficiency concerns. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Information Systems <ul><li>Systems will need to be reliable and timely (“95% confident”) having regard to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transparency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comparability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accuracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Completeness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extensions or integrations to accounting information systems are likely. </li></ul><ul><li>There are important factors for a business to address if it is going to create an auditable information system to support its emissions report. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Information Systems: Best Practice (COBIT)
  10. 10. Information Systems: Best Practice (COBIT) COBIT Control Objectives – see www.isaca.org
  11. 11. Clearly this cannot be solved by Excel Image from www.xkcd.com/282   Some Rights Reserved . Image from Flickr user http://www.flickr.com/photos/felipearte Some Rights Reserved .
  12. 12. Information Systems <ul><li>50kt of CO2 emissions is the equivalent of, for example, the operation of 15 data centres with 1000 servers over one year – so, not a small business! </li></ul><ul><li>As for SME’s, they are less affected from an information systems perspective. </li></ul><ul><li>Similar concerns exist though for ensuring that the integrity of, for example, price estimation models is accurate (given, for example, electricity cost increases of 18% and gas cost increases of 12%). </li></ul><ul><li>It is likely that you will need to estimate and select prices based upon a rigorous method, or potentially attract the attention of the ACCC. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Information Systems <ul><li>SME’s that supply liable entities and/or entities that have ‘green’ purchasing policies may especially need to understand the impact of the scheme on their future demand </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Very Large’ SME’s and large corporations that are currently outside of the CPRS, but could be caught in potential future expansions of the definition, should consider implementing greenhouse gas emissions reporting information systems to inform future lobbying efforts and by way of advance preparation. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Questions </li></ul>

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