Diabetic Emergencies

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Diabetic Emergencies

  1. 1. Diabetic Emergencies First Aid
  2. 2. Diabetes Mellitus <ul><li>High levels of sugar in the blood. </li></ul><ul><li>Sugar is the main source of energy that we use in our bodies. </li></ul><ul><li>This disease affect millions of Americans every year. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Diabetes Classification <ul><li>Diabetes type 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes Type 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Gestational Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes Miscellaneous </li></ul>
  4. 4. Diabetes Symptoms <ul><li>Excessive Thirst </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent urination </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive hunger </li></ul><ul><li>Weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Itching of the skin </li></ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Diabetes Emergencies <ul><li>Hypoglycemia </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetic Ketoacidosis </li></ul><ul><li>Hyperosmolar Coma </li></ul>
  6. 6. WHO IS AT RISK? <ul><li>When diabetes is poorly controlled, emergency conditions can arise quickly that require immediate treatment. </li></ul>
  7. 7. HOW TO KNOW IF A PERSON SUFFER OF DIABETES? <ul><li>People with diabetes should wear or carry I.D. information (such as an alert bracelet) that emergency medical staff can find. </li></ul>
  8. 8. HOW TO KNOW IF A PERSON SUFFER OF DIABETES? <ul><li>In addition, people with diabetes should always carry a sugar source, such as glucose tablets or raisins. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Hypoglycemia <ul><li>Symptoms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weak </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drowsy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confused </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hungry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dizzy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paleness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trembling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sweating </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Hypoglycemia <ul><li>Symptoms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Headache </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Irritability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rapid heartbeat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cold clammy feeling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of consciousness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>coma </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. WHAT TO DO? <ul><li>First: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Check </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Call </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Care </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. WHAT TO DO? <ul><li>Then: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rapid ABC Assessment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is the patient’s a irway patent? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is the patient’s b reathing effective? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is the patient’s c irculation effective? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. What to do? (conscious victim) <ul><li>Looking for the signs and symptoms listed above will help to distinguish the two diabetic emergencies. In addition, if the patient is conscious , you can ask two very important questions which will help determine the nature of the problem: </li></ul>
  14. 14. &quot;HAVE YOU EATEN TODAY?&quot; Someone who has eaten, but has not taken prescribed medication may be in a diabetic coma.
  15. 15. &quot;HAVE YOU TAKEN YOUR MEDICATION TODAY?&quot; Someone who has not eaten, but did take their medication, may be having HYPOGLYCEMIA.
  16. 16. DISTINGUISHING BETWEEN THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF DIABETIC EMERGENCIES CAN BE DIFFICULT.
  17. 17. <ul><li>A PERSON IN INSULIN SHOCK NEEDS SUGAR, QUICKLY! IF THE PERSON IS CONSCIOUS , GIVE SUGAR IN ANY FORM: CANDY, FRUIT JUICE OR A SOFT DRINK! </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>SUGAR GIVEN TO A PERSON IN INSULIN SHOCK CAN BE LIFE-SAVING! IF THE PERSON IS SUFFERING FROM DIABETIC COMA, THE SUGAR IS NOT REQUIRED BUT WILL NOT CAUSE THEM FURTHER HARM. </li></ul>
  19. 19. REMEMBER <ul><li>DO NOT do give nothing by mouth if the victim is unconscious . </li></ul>
  20. 20. Illness Information <ul><li>When did the symptoms begin? </li></ul><ul><li>Does the patient take diabetic medications? </li></ul><ul><li>Did anything cause the symptoms, eg, vomiting, inability to eat, no available medications, overdose of insulin or hypoglycemic agents? </li></ul><ul><li>Has any treatment been initiated and has it helped? </li></ul><ul><li>When was the last finger-stick blood sugar and what was the result? </li></ul>
  21. 21. Illness Information <ul><li>Has the patient had similar problems before? </li></ul><ul><li>Does the patient have any pertinent past history? </li></ul><ul><li>Does the patient take any routine medications? </li></ul><ul><li>Does the patient have allergies to drugs or foods? </li></ul><ul><li>When was the patient’s last tetanus immunization? </li></ul><ul><li>If the patient is female and between the ages of 12 to 50 years, when was the first day of her last menstrual period? </li></ul>
  22. 22. Thanks

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