Philippines Educational System


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This presentation discusses issues on the current system of education in the Philippines, particularly the political, economic and cultural conditions of both public and private educational institutions

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Philippines Educational System

  1. 1. MIS-<br />K<br />E<br />D<br />N<br />S<br />Y<br />U<br />A<br />O<br />TALK ON THE PRESENT STATE OF THE PHILIPPINE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM<br />
  2. 2. Bakittayo nag-aaral?<br />
  3. 3. PapelngsistemangEdukasyon<br />ECONOMIC<br />EDUCATION<br />POLITICAL<br />CULTURE<br />
  4. 4. AnoangkatangianngeduckasyonsaPilipinas?<br />
  5. 5. Apatnakatangian:<br />Komersiyalisado<br />Kolonyal<br />Represibo<br />Elitista<br />
  6. 6. Government Priority<br />
  7. 7. “The State shall assign the highest budgetary priority to education and ensure that teaching will attract and retain its rightful share of the best available talents through adequate remuneration and other means of job satisfaction and fulfillment.”<br />ArtXIV sec.5 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution.<br />
  8. 8.
  9. 9.
  10. 10. P101.4 Billion <br />Department of National Defense (DND) <br />Department of Interior and <br />Local Government (DILG)<br />Armed Forces of the Philippines <br />(AFP) Modernization Program <br />Intelligence Fund <br />Kalayaan Baranggay Program <br />(a counter insurgency program)<br />
  11. 11.
  12. 12. How does the Aquino government allot the budget for the education sector?<br />
  13. 13.
  14. 14. Komersyalisasyon<br />
  15. 15. SUC<br />Paying Iskolar ng Bayan<br />
  16. 16. '<br />A<br />I<br />V<br />P<br />R<br />C<br />S<br />U<br />S<br />N<br />I<br />Z<br />T<br />I<br />G<br />Education Policies Governing SUC Privatization<br />LONG TERM HIGHER EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT <br />PLAN (LTHEDP) FOR 2001-2010<br /><ul><li>Reduction of SUC’s by 20%.
  17. 17. Transform 6 SUC’s to semi-corporations.
  18. 18. Generation of 20% funds on SUC’s through its </li></ul>intellectual property rights and other grants.<br /><ul><li>Imposition of tuition increase up to 70%.
  19. 19. Collaboration with private educational </li></ul>institutions by 60%.<br />
  20. 20. '<br />A<br />I<br />V<br />P<br />R<br />C<br />S<br />U<br />N<br />I<br />Z<br />T<br />I<br />G<br />S<br />Education Policies Governing SUC Privatization<br />PHILIPPINE AGENDA FOR<br />EDUCATION REFORMS (PAER)<br /><ul><li>Slashes the SUC’s Maintenance and Other </li></ul>Operating Expenditure (MOOE)<br />
  21. 21. Private HEI's<br />Business as Usual!!!<br />
  22. 22. I<br />I<br />A<br />D<br />U<br />B<br />U<br />S<br />I<br />E<br />N<br />S<br />S<br />C<br />T<br />E<br />S<br />N<br />O<br />Private Firms Dominated<br />Higher Education Sector<br />1,523<br />Private Higher Educational Institution (PHEI)<br />(88% of total HEIs)<br />110<br />State Universities and Colleges (SUC’s)<br />Source: Commission on Higher Educations (CHED)<br />
  23. 23. I<br />I<br />A<br />D<br />U<br />B<br />U<br />S<br />I<br />E<br />N<br />S<br />S<br />C<br />T<br />E<br />S<br />N<br />O<br />Schools in Top 1,000 Corporations<br />Source: Top Moneymakers, Graphic (December 2003 issue)<br />
  24. 24. I<br />I<br />A<br />D<br />U<br />B<br />U<br />S<br />I<br />E<br />N<br />S<br />S<br />C<br />T<br />E<br />S<br />N<br />O<br />MAPUA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY<br />UNIVERSITY OF ASIA AND THE PACIFIC<br />Alfonso Yuchengco<br />Henry Sy<br />UNIVERSITY OF THE EAST<br />CENTRO ESCOLAR UNIVERSITY<br />Lucio Tan<br />Emilio Yap<br />
  25. 25. R<br />I<br />G<br />S<br />I<br />N<br />C<br />S<br />T<br />O<br />F<br />O<br />I<br />A<br />D<br />U<br />E<br />C<br />T<br />N<br />O<br />Average Tuition Rate<br />383 (24.00%)<br />PHEI’s that increased their tuition<br />for the Year 2009.<br />P 22,200.00<br />Private Higher Educational Institution<br />P 855.20<br />Average Tuition Rate Per Unit<br />P 65,000.00<br />Exclusive Schools<br />Source: Philippine Educational Sector Society (PESS)<br />Source: Commission on Higher Education (CHED)<br />
  26. 26. D<br />Y<br />D<br />I<br />W<br />O<br />N<br />U<br />K<br />O<br />?<br />UERMMMC<br />PHEI with the Highest Tuition<br />P3,740.61 per unit<br />UNIVERSITY OF STO. TOMAS<br />(P 1,427.39 per unit)<br />St. Scholastica College<br />(P 1,564.00 per unit)<br />DE LASALLE UNIVERSITY<br />(P 2,045.33 per unit)<br />University of Asia and the Pacific<br />(P 2,079.82 per unit)<br />Far Eastern University<br />(P 1,100.00 per unit)<br />Miriam College<br />(P 1,486.00 per unit)<br />Ateneo de Manila University<br />(P 2,517.03 per unit)<br />
  27. 27. P<br />F<br />O<br />R<br />E<br />L<br />E<br />A<br />E<br />T<br />B<br />E<br />E<br />F<br />S<br />-<br />-<br />Nine (9) Common Items Found on the<br />Miscellaneous Fee Lists on PHEI’s (2008-2009)<br />Source: OSS, Commission on Higher Education (144 schools in 10 regions)<br />
  28. 28. P<br />F<br />O<br />R<br />E<br />L<br />E<br />A<br />E<br />T<br />B<br />E<br />E<br />F<br />S<br />-<br />-<br />Other Exorbitant Fees Being Collected on PHEI’s<br /><ul><li> Postal fee
  29. 29. Insurance fee
  30. 30. Smart fee AMA Computer College-QC
  31. 31. Copier fee AMA Computer College-QC
  32. 32. Power Charge Fee Trinity College of QC
  33. 33. Power Plant Dev’t Fee Miriam College
  34. 34. Land Infrastructure Maintenance Baguio Colleges Foundation</li></ul>and Acquisition Development Fee <br /><ul><li> Accreditation Fee TIP-Manila
  35. 35. Pre-Registration Fee Aquinas University (Albay)
  36. 36. Installment Fee University of the East
  37. 37. At marami pang iba…</li></ul>Source: NUSP National Primer (2009)<br />
  38. 38. Basic ED<br />
  39. 39. Ang Basic Education<br />
  40. 40.
  41. 41.
  42. 42. 22% ng mga eskwelahan ay walang Science laboratories<br />20% ng klasrum ang walang maayos na ventilation<br />27% walang lighting<br />55% walang kuryente<br />25% walang kisame<br />80% walang tubig<br />60% walang CR<br />MulasaDepEd<br />
  43. 43. Student performance on<br />mathematics and science tests: Ranking<br />among 38 countries<br />
  44. 44. K-12: a step in the wrong direction<br />Shortages vs. K-12<br />No place for out-of-school youth<br />Labor-export policy intensified<br />Insufficient education budget<br />
  45. 45. Kolonyal<br />
  46. 46. GlobalisadongKabataan<br />Makabayan Program<br />Ingles bilang midyum ng pagtuturo para hindi raw mahirapan ang sektor ng Business Process Outsourcing sa pagtanggap ng mga empleyado (DepEd Order 36 o "Implementing Rules and Regulations on Executive Order 210: Establishing the Policy to Strengthen the Use of the English Language as Medium of Instruction in the Educational System” )<br />Textbooks kailangang dumaan sa approval ng World Bank<br />Lapus: Edukasyon ay “market-driven”<br />TESDA: vocational-technical courses<br />
  47. 47. T<br />R<br />I<br />H<br />I<br />D<br />W<br />R<br />L<br />D<br />A<br />D<br />U<br />O<br />E<br />C<br />T<br />N<br />O<br />-<br />1 9 0 1<br />Philippine Normal University<br />1 9 1 2<br />Polytechnic University of the Philippines<br />then Philippine College of Commerce<br />2 0 0 0 – present<br />Caregiver and Nursing Schools<br />1 9 7 0<br />Medical Schools<br />SERVED AS TRAINING CENTER<br />FOR FUTURE TEACHERS<br />SERVED AS TRAINING CENTER FOR <br />FUTURE NURSES & CARE-GIVERS<br />SERVED AS TRAINING CENTER<br />FOR FUTURE DOCTORS<br />SERVED AS TRAINING CENTER<br />FOR FUTURE BUSINESSMEN<br />1 9 6 0’ s<br />Engineering Schools<br />1 9 0 8<br />University of the Philippines<br />1 9 8 0 – 1 9 9 0<br />Computer and I.T. Schools<br />SERVED AS TRAINING CENTER<br />FOR FUTURE COMPUTER & I.T. EXPERTS<br />SERVED AS TRAINING CENTER<br />FOR FUTURE ENGINEERS<br />SERVED AS TRAINING CENTER<br />FOR FUTURE TECHNOCRATS<br />
  48. 48. May Trabaho Ka (?) Wala!<br />11.7% unemployment rate – kalahati ng 2.9 milyong unemployed ay kabataan<br />30% of new graduates unemployed<br />10,000 lang ang kayang iluwal na trabaho kada taon<br />Call center, call center at call center<br />Wala sa Pilipinas…. Mangibang bayan!<br />
  49. 49. Thank you for Calling!<br />Call center courses (EARIST, Batangas State University, Cavite State University, atbp.)<br />CHED: Tayuan ng call centers ang SUCs<br />Ayala Techno-park<br />
  50. 50. ‘In’ sa Isipan ng KABATAAN…<br />To finish a course that is marketable globally (e.g. nursing)<br />Leave the country to earn money<br />(McCann Erickson Report 2006)<br />
  51. 51. KABATAAN for sale!<br />Labor-export policy!<br />Ballooning Number of Caregivers, Nurses and Call Center Agents<br />
  52. 52. #1 Exporter!<br /><ul><li>No. 1 Exporter of Nurses</li></ul>“An estimated 85% of employed Filipino nurses (more than 150,000) are working internationally.” (Aiken et al 2004)<br /> “70% of all Filipino nursing graduates are working overseas.” (Bach 2003)<br /><ul><li>No. 2 Exporter of Doctors</li></ul>“68% of Filipino doctors work overseas, next to India.” (Mejia, WHO 1975)<br />
  53. 53. Pasista<br />
  54. 54. T<br />M<br />A<br />W<br />A<br />L<br />A<br />R<br />I<br />L<br />VIOLATED STUDENT RIGHTS INSIDE CAMPUSES<br />Free Movement.<br />Freedom of Speech and Expression.<br /> Right to Organization.<br /> Sexual Discrimination.<br />Violations Concerning Student Councils.<br />Violations Concerning Student Publications.<br />Violations Concerning Progressive and <br />Critical Groups and Individuals inside the campus.<br />Non-recognition of various student’s organization<br />Violations with military components.<br />Source: NUSP National Primer (2009)<br />
  55. 55. AngKabataan at angMalayangPakikisangkot<br />Ambo, an active CYF<br />member from the Bulan<br />Evangelical Church, Sorsogon<br />of the United Church of Christ<br />in the Philippines (UCCP) and<br />a 2nd year Political Science<br />student at the Aquinas<br />University in Legaspi City,<br />Albay, Bicol region. He was<br />shot last August 12, 2006.<br />
  56. 56. A graduating political Science<br /> students and a national council<br /> member of the League of <br /> Filipino Students (LFS).<br />Cris was gunned down by<br /> two suspected military agents<br /> on March 19,2006 while on his<br /> way home.<br />
  57. 57. Hope, Hope… Hopia!<br />Lalongumiigtingangkomersyalisasyonngedukasyon, habanglalonginaayonitosapangangailangan at interesngdayuhan<br /><ul><li>Hinuhulmaangkabataandiparamagbuongisanglipunan, kundimagsilbisaibangbayan</li></li></ul><li>MIS-<br />K<br />E<br />D<br />N<br />S<br />Y<br />U<br />A<br />O<br />THUS, PHILIPPINE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM MUST BE:<br />THE PRESENT STATE OF THE PHILIPPINE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM IS AS FOLLOW:<br />O<br />I<br />C<br />A<br />R<br />S<br />M<br />M<br />R<br />E<br />C<br />A<br />D<br />S<br />S<br />M<br />O<br />E<br />D<br />L<br />Z<br />E<br />T<br />E<br />N<br />I<br />I<br />-<br />-<br />O<br />A<br />A<br />T<br />A<br />L<br />O<br />I<br />N<br />C<br />T<br />I<br />N<br />O<br />N<br />I<br />S<br />L<br />L<br />V<br />C<br />I<br />R<br />E<br />R<br />P<br />S<br />E<br />S<br />S<br />I<br />E<br />T<br />N<br />I<br />C<br />I<br />E<br />C<br />S<br />F<br />