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The five major religion


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The five major religion

  1. 1. The Five Major Religions Worked By : Maviolda Daka
  2. 2. Places of worship
  3. 3. Where are the Religions?
  4. 5. Christian Church Lets take a closer look at this church. What do we notice? It has a tall steeple. Large stain glassed windows and… if you looked at it from above you would see it’s the shape of a cross. Do you know anything interesting about Churches?
  5. 7. Hindu Temple Lets take a closer look at this Mandir. What do we notice? It doesn’t have a door. Its open so that Hindus can be closer to God. It has a rounded roof. Can anyone tell me anything else that’s interesting about the Mandir?
  6. 9. Muslim Mosque Lets take a closer look at this Mosque. What do we notice? It’s a very grand place. It has a rounded roof. Much of it is made out of gold. It is extremely large. Can anyone tell me anything else that’s interesting about the Mosque?
  7. 10. Religion <ul><li>Compare and contrast the tenets of the five major world religions (i.e., Christianity, Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism, and Judaism). </li></ul>
  8. 11. Main Menu Christianity Islam Hinduism Judaism Buddhism
  9. 12. Christianity <ul><li>The early Hebrews who eventually developed into the Jewish religion became the foundation of Christianity. </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus, or the Messiah, was a Jewish boy who disagreed with some of the Jewish principles of his day began to profess a new way of thinking. </li></ul><ul><li>This eventually led to the beginning of the Christian religion. </li></ul>
  10. 13. Christianity <ul><li>Christianity started about 2000 years ago about the same time of Jesus. </li></ul><ul><li>The central point of Christian belief is that God, the Father, entered into human history as the Son, Jesus of Nazereth, and arose as the Holy Spirit.  </li></ul>
  11. 14. Christian Philosophy <ul><li>God is the Creator of the universe. There is one God, Who is Three  Persons-      Father, Son and Holy Spirit. </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus is both fully man and fully God.  He was born of the Virgin Mary  Crucified, resurrected from the dead, and ascended to the Father. </li></ul>
  12. 15. Christian Philosophy <ul><li>Sin and Evil are realities in our existence. </li></ul><ul><li>The Bible is the Holy Book that records God's revelation. </li></ul><ul><li>All believers are promised life everlasting. </li></ul><ul><li>The leader of Christianity was Jesus, and the followers was his 12 disciples. </li></ul>
  13. 16. Buddhism <ul><li>Founding person of Buddhism is Guatama, the Buddha </li></ul><ul><li>The Dalai Lama is a Buddhist monk who remains the leader of the Tibetans. </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism is a major religion in China, Japan, India, and Tibet. </li></ul>
  14. 17. The Major Philosophy of Buddhism <ul><li>Love: without conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Compassion: or feeling at one with the person who is suffering </li></ul><ul><li>Sympathetic Joy:Celebrate the happiness of others, and do not resent their good fortune. </li></ul><ul><li>Impartiality: Treat everyone equally, and do not use others for personal gain or to win approval. </li></ul>
  15. 18. The Major Philosophy of Buddhism <ul><li>Buddhism states that existence is a continuing cycle of death and rebirth called reincarnation. </li></ul><ul><li>Each person's position in life is determined by his or her behavior in the previous life. This is known as their &quot;karma&quot; (also a Hindu belief). </li></ul>
  16. 19. Buddhism <ul><li>Buddhism is the world's oldest universal religion and it is the second fastest growing religion.      </li></ul>
  17. 20. Islam <ul><li>ISLAM is the name given to the religion preached by the prophet Muhammad in the 600s A. D. </li></ul><ul><li>The Islamic religion started in the area known as Palestine in the year 600AD. </li></ul><ul><li>It has about 850 million followers, most of them in the region north and east of the Mediterranean Sea. </li></ul>
  18. 21. Islam <ul><li>The holy book of Islam is the &quot;Koran.&quot; Muslims believe its words to be those of Allah himself, spoken to Muhammad by an angel. </li></ul><ul><li>Allah, is the Islamic God. </li></ul><ul><li>People who believe these ideas are called Muslims. </li></ul>
  19. 22. Islamic Philosophy <ul><li>Muslims learn that life on earth is a period of testing and preparation for the life to come. </li></ul><ul><li>Angels record good and bad deeds. </li></ul><ul><li>People should behave themselves and help others, trusting in Allah's justice and mercy for their reward. </li></ul>
  20. 23. Islam <ul><li>Muslims pray five times daily in their mosques (churches). </li></ul><ul><li>While praying, they face the holy city of Mecca (in Saudi-Arabia) and sometimes kneel with faces to the ground. </li></ul><ul><li>All Muslims are required to make a pilgrimage (trip to a sacred place) to Mecca at least once in their lifetime. </li></ul>
  21. 24. Hinduism <ul><li>HINDUISM is one of the world's oldest religions. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 2/3's of the world's Hindus live in India; large numbers reside in Africa also. </li></ul><ul><li>Hindus believe in many gods, numbering into the thousands. They recognize one supreme spirit called Brahman (&quot;the Absolute.&quot;) </li></ul>
  22. 25. Hindu Philosophy <ul><li>Hindus believe in many gods, numbering into the thousands. </li></ul><ul><li>They recognize one supreme spirit called Brahman (the Absolute). </li></ul><ul><li>The goal of Hindus is to someday join with Brahman. </li></ul><ul><li>Until that union takes place, believers are in a continuous process of rebirth called &quot;reincarnation.&quot; </li></ul>
  23. 26. Hindu Philosophy <ul><li>At death, the Hindu's deeds (karma) determine what the next life will be. </li></ul><ul><li>Followers work to break this cycle--birth, death, re-birth-- (referred to by writers as the &quot;Wheel of Life&quot;) and gain release. </li></ul><ul><li>The Hindu's soul then merges with Brahman in a condition of spiritual perfection (moksha). </li></ul>
  24. 27. Hinduism <ul><li>Hinduism has many sacred books, the oldest being a series called the &quot;Vedas.“ </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional Hindu society was divided into groups of four classes (or varnas). This was known as the &quot;caste system.&quot; </li></ul>
  25. 28. Judaism <ul><li>JUDAISM is a religion of just one people: the Jews. </li></ul><ul><li>JUDAISM was the first to teach belief in only one God. Two other important religions developed from Judaism: Christianity and Islam. </li></ul>
  26. 29. Judaism <ul><li>Jews think that God will send a Messiah (a deliverer) to unite them and lead them in His way. </li></ul><ul><li>Christians believe that Jesus was the Messiah. The Jewish people do not agree; they anticipate His arrival in the future. </li></ul><ul><li>Judaism teaches that death is not the end and that there is a world to come. </li></ul>
  27. 30. Judaism <ul><li>The &quot;Torah,&quot; the first five books of the Hebrew Bible, is the most important Jewish scripture. </li></ul><ul><li>It contains the basic laws of Judaism. </li></ul><ul><li>Another important book is the &quot;Talmud,&quot; serving primarily as a guide to the civil and religious laws of Judaism. </li></ul>
  28. 31. Judaism <ul><li>The Jewish house of worship is called a synagogue. </li></ul><ul><li>Rabbis (spiritual leaders) conduct services, act as interpreters of Jewish laws, and deliver sermons. </li></ul><ul><li>Today there are over 18 million followers of Judaism scattered throughout the world. A large number of those people live in the Jewish nation of Israel. Over six million live in the United States. </li></ul>
  29. 32. Jewish Philosophy <ul><li>God is one and unique </li></ul><ul><li>God is the creator </li></ul><ul><li>God is transcendent </li></ul><ul><li>God is immanent. </li></ul><ul><li>God is lawgiver </li></ul><ul><li>God is personal </li></ul><ul><li>We have the obligation to worship </li></ul><ul><li>The Torah is God's law </li></ul><ul><li>God is judge </li></ul><ul><li>The Messiah will come. </li></ul>
  30. 33. Now look again at these places of worship. Can you tell me what Religion they belong too?
  31. 34. Thank you for your attention