The continents


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The continents

  1. 1. The Continents
  2. 2. What is a Continent?• One of several large landmasses on Earth• Mostly divided by water• Caused by plate tectonics
  3. 3. How many are there?• 7 Continents in total – North America – South America – Antarctica – Europe – Asia – Africa – Australia
  4. 4. Pangaea• All continents were one piece• Pieces drifted apart• Three phases to break-up: – 1st began in Early-Middle Jurassic – 2nd began in Early Cretaceous – 3rd occurred in early Cenozoic
  5. 5. North America• 3rd largest continent• Contains 23 countries and dozens of territories• Bordered by Arctic, Atlantic, and Pacific Oceans• Also bordered by Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico• Contains Caribbean and Central America countries, Canada, Mexico, the United States of America, and Greenland
  6. 6. South America• 4th largest continent• Contains 12 independent countries and 3 major territories• Falkland Islands, Galapagos Islands, and French Guiana• Capital City is La Paz, Bolivia
  7. 7. Antarctica• Takes up 8.9% of Earth’s land• No capital city• Antarctic Circle- one of five major circles• Coldest, windiest spot
  8. 8. Europe• 6th largest continent• Contains 47 countries, assorted dependencies, islands, and territories• Covers 2% of Earth’s land• Surrounded by numerous bodies of water• Separated from Africa by Mediterranean Sea
  9. 9. Asia• Largest continent• 8.7% of Earth’s land• Bordered by numerous bodies of water• Over 3.8 billion people
  10. 10. Africa• 2nd largest continent• Includes 54 individual countries• Surrounded by various bodies of water• 2nd most populous continent (after Asia)• Just over 1 billion people, 14% world’s population
  11. 11. Australia• Smallest continent• 5.3% of Earth’s land• Population: 32 million• Combines all of Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and thousands of coral atolls and volcanic islands
  12. 12. Interesting Animals in each Continent• North America: – Ocelots, Bald Eagles, Eastern Coral Snake, Nine- banded Armadillo, and Caribou• South America: – Capybara, Giant Tortoise, Anaconda, and• Antarctica: – Wandering Albatross, Polar Bear, Penguins, and Seals
  13. 13. More Interesting Animals in Each Continent• Europe: – Komondor, European Lynx, Alpine Ibex, and Alpine Marmot• Asia: – Sun Bear, Red Panda, Tapir, Bengal Tiger, and Siamang Gibbon• Africa: – Wildebeest, Ostrich, Zebra, and Warthog• Australia: – Blobfish, Platypus, Kiwis, Koalas, and Kangaroos
  14. 14. Fun Facts• Europe learns there are 6 continents• South America has the Angel Falls, Venezuela, Andes Mountains, Amazon River, and Atacama Desert• Antarctica is 98% solid ice• Europe, not a continent but part of Euroasia
  15. 15. More Fun Facts• Turkey, considered as part of Europe and Asia• South Sudan, Africa’s newest country• Australia now considered as Australia/Oceania• Pangaea means “all lands” in Greek
  16. 16. Sources•••••• interesting.html•••••