Second smallest Continent by area,
has second highest population in
world. Europe has a variety of
climate and a breathtaking climate.
Italy is a country in Southern Europe. Together
with Greece, it is acknowledged as the birthplace of
Western culture. Not surprisingly, it is also home to the
greatest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in
the world. High art and monuments are to be found
everywhere around the country.
It is also famous worldwide for its delicious cuisine, its
trendy fashion industry, luxury sports cars and
motorcycles, diverse regional cultures and dialects, as
well as for its beautiful coast, alpine lakes and mountain
ranges (the Alps and Apennines). No wonder it is often
nicknamed the Bel Paese (the Beautiful Country).
INTRODUCTION TO CITY OF ROME
PLACE OF INTREST
LOCAL TRANSPORTATION WITHIN ROME
VISA PROCEDURE & REQUIRED DOCCUMENTS
INTRODUTION TO ROME
A thousand years ago Rome was one of the most
important cities in the world.
A legend tells of the city being formed by twin
brothers, Romulus and Remus, who were abandoned at
birth and raised by a wolf.
When the twins grew up, they decided to build a city
where they had been abandoned.
Remus and Romulus argued over the boundaries of
this city. Romulus, in a rage, killed Remus.
After Remus's death the city was named Rome after
Romulus who ruled the city.
2,800 years of the existence of a city
Latin village in the 9th century BC
Papacy was the ruler of the city
Rome remained a centre of pilgrimage and
The oldest named cities in the world
Capital of Italy
The Colosseum is the largest and most famous amphitheater
in the Roman world. The name Colosseum is derived from
the Colossus Neronis, an enormous bronze statue that
Emperor Nero had erected in his image and was located near
the Colosseum. The statue was eventually pulled down,
possible to reuse its bronze.
The Colosseum is 189 meters (615 feet) long, and 156 meters
(510 feet) wide, while the outer wall is 48 meters (157 feet)
high. The central arena is surrounded by a 4.5 meter (15
foot)high wall. It was capable of holding some 50,000
spectators who could enter the building through no less than
80 entrances. Above the arena were 4 tiers of seating. The
upper tier contained seating for lower classes and women.
The lowest tier was preserved for prominent citizens.
St. Peter’s Basilica.
• St. Peter’s Basilica. Located on Vatican
Hill near the historic center of Rome, St.
Peter’s Basilica is a dominating structure
that was built over a period of more than a
hundred years by some of Italy’s greatest
artists including Michelangelo and
Bernini. Although the original church was
built in 349 AD, the current basilica was
constructed in the 16th century to replace
the former due to deterioration.
Catholic tradition says that the present day St.
Peter’sBasilica is built upon the tomb site where
Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, was buried in 64 AD.
The church building itself is impressive, sporting the
world’s tallest dome, which dominates Rome’s
skyline. Designed in cruciform shape, the basilica
features an extended nave in the form of a Latin
cross. Able to hold 60,000 people at a time.
One of the best preserved Roman buildings, The
Pantheon was built in 126 AD as a temple for all the
Roman gods. The temple has served as a Roman
Catholic Church since the 7th century. The Pantheon
consists of a large circular portico with three ranks
of huge granite Corinthian columns. The portico
opens into a rotunda which is topped with a
concrete dome with a central opening: the oculus.
Almost two thousand years after it was built, the
Pantheon’s dome is still the largest unreinforced
concrete dome in the world.
Completed in 1762 to a design by
Nicola Salvi, this world famous
Baroque fountain features a
mythological sculptural composition
of Neptune, god of the sea, flanked
by two Tritons. The location of the
Trevi fountain marks the terminus of
the ancient Aqua Virgo aqueduct
and is so named on account of its
position at the junction of three
roads (tre vie). The fountain was the
setting for an iconic scene in Fellini’s
film Dolce Vita starring Anita Ekberg
and Marcello Mastroianni. Since
than, it has become one of the most
popular Rome tourist attractions.
The legend says that one who
throws a coin in the fountain shall
one day return to Rome.
One of the most famous of Rome’s many squares, Piazza
Navona was established towards the end of the 15th century,
and preserves the shape of the Stadium of Domitian that once
stood here. Built by Emperor Domitian in 86 AD, the stadium,
which had a larger arena than the Colosseum was mainly used
for festivals and sporting events. The buildings surrounding the
square stand where the spectators once sat. Today, the square
features no less than three magnificent fountains and is an
immensely popular place to sip a cappuccino, shop, and watch
The larger and more colorful and lively markets in the
centre of Rome and are worth to visit.They usually open
at 7am-1pm, Monday to Saturday.
A word of warning - crowded open-air markets are ideal
hunting grounds for nimble-fingered pickpockets, so
please be careful
"Old is cool"
Stocks of old American jeans from 1960s and 1970s made with
an indigo material, polo-neck jumpers, Paco Raban-style, all is in
great demand and Rome offers a great choice of secondhand
But what's even more sought-after is 'dead stock', i.e. old clothes
that have never been worn.
Collectors, professional or amateur, should be able to pick up
much of interest in Rome's secondhands and antique shops
(some truly excellent), or in art galleries, or in the famous Porta
Portese flea market held in Rome's Trastevere district.
however, real bargains are hard to come by. *
SECOND -HAND CLOTHES SHOP
Variety of Hand Gloves
Italian MasksShopping Zone
Vatican City is an ecclesiastical or sacerdotal state,
ruled by the Bishop of Rome (The Pope). The highest
state functionaries are all Catholic clergymen of
various national origins. It is the sovereign territory of
the Holy See and the location of the Pope's residence,
referred to as the Apostolic Palace.
The Vatican Museums is the
largest museum complex in the
worldwith over1400 rooms.
The Vatican Museum includes
the museum, galleries with
3,000 years of art, the Sistine
Chapel, and parts of the papal
There is an astonishing amount
of art, including a room of works
The Sistine Chapel was built from
1473-1481 as both the pope's
The venue for the election of the
new popeby thecardinals.
Michelangelo painted the famous
ceiling frescoes, with the central
scenes depicting creation and the
story of Noah with Biblical scenes
1- BUSES & TRAMS
Rome has two airports - Fiumicino (Leonardo da Vinci) and
This is Rome’s main airport and is is well-connected with the
centre during the day by an express train.
The express train between Fiumicino Airport and Stazione
Termini (Rome's main train station) costs € 9.50 and the
journey takes about 30 minutes. The train departs from and
arrives at Termini station
Rome's smaller airport, is mostly used by charter flights and
To get to the centre from this airport, take COTRAL Bus, get off
at Metro A: Anagnina station, then to Termini Station.
Cotral bus runs every 30 minutes, until 11pm.
There are hundreds of bus lines, running from 5:30am till midnight. All
buses and trams travel in both directions.
In an effort to minimize pollution in the small backstreets of the historic
center, the city has established several electric bus lines to navigate
alleyways barely wide enough for a Vespa.
Over 20 night bus lines run from 00:30am to 5:30am. The main terminal
stations are Termini and Piazza Venezia. From these two piazzas buses
leave for all directions every 30 minutes. Night bus stops are marked with
an owl. You can purchase tickets on board.
For lines tables and public transport maps visit official site of public
transportation in rome
Buses and Trams
If you need a taxi, remember to look for the official metered
white or yellow taxis. There are taxi ranks in many locations
throughout the center, but is nearly impossible to hail one
driving down the streets, particularly at night. Make sure
your taxi is metered; insist on the metered fare, rather than
an arranged price.
To call for a taxi within Rome, try 06 3570, 06 4994, 06
6645, 06 551, or 06 8822.
There are three types of accommodation
1. BED AND BREAKFAST
2.HOSTELS AND DORMITORIES
Fairly new accommodation option for visitors to Rome
is bed & breakfast accommodation. Roman hosts offer
their spare rooms to visitors, generally for a much lower
price than an equivalent hotel room.
Bed & Breakfast
Rome hostels offer one of the cheapest type
of accommodation in Rome. Their rates
range from 17€ for a bed in a share room
with common social facilities.
Hostels and dormitories
There are several reasons why one might look for an
apartment rental rather than a hotel accommodation when
in Rome. Fistly, apartments are more comfortable and also
functional Secondly, you get to experience life as locals do in
a "Roman home", and keep away from undesirable "tourist
traps". Thirdly, renting and apartment is very often much
VIATOR VIP AND EXCLUSIVE
Pompeii and Amalfi Coast are both UNESCO World
Heritage Sites and among the most visited destinations in
Italy. This day tour excursion highlights the best the region
has to offer from the impressive ancient city of and
archaeological park of Pompeii, to lunch by the sea in
enchanting Sorrentoand a stroll through the charming
seaside village of Positano.
Pompeii and Amalfi Coast
A two-hour train ride from Rome to the lovely
hill region of Umbria will bring you to the
medieval town of Assisi where you can explore
significant religious sites, Roman ruins and
artistic beauty. The town’s main attraction is
the Basilica of St. Francis, the eternal resting
place of Italy’s patron saint. Most of the
cobblestone streets in town lead to this
beautiful cathedral where you can admire its
exquisite architecture and interior ceilings and
walls that are embellished with stunning
frescoes. Surrounding the basilica, you will
discover medieval houses and shops that are
well worth a look. Other sites not to miss
include Piazza del Comune, the town center,
with its old clock tower, the Church of Santa
Maria Sopra Minerva with its Roman columns,
and St. Claire’s Basilica, which offers scenic
views of the valley below
A day trip from Rome to the beautiful island of Capri requires a
full day, but it is well worth it. After a train ride from Rome to
Naples, you then will enjoy a scenic boat ride across the Gulf of
Naples to the main port of Capri, Marina Grande. At this lively
port, you can browse a variety of shops, savor great food at a
terraced cafe and watch people passing by as well as colorful boats
coming in and out. Capri offers several fantastic attractions, but the
one not to miss is the Blue Grotto, a cave that reveals a brilliant
reflection of blue and emerald-colored water. The cave can be
accessed by a short boat ride from Marina Grande. Other
attractions include Mount Solaro, Capri’s highest point. A chair lift
takes visitors to the top of the mountain which offers stunning
views of the island and sea. The lovely Villa San Michele in the
town of Anacapri is also worth a visit with its stunning gardens,
Phoenician steps, cafe and museum.
A truly monumental stairway of
135 steps, the Spanish Steps
were built with French funds
between 1721-1725 in order to
link the Bourbon Spanish
embassy to the Holy See with
the French church, Trinità dei
Monti. The steps are usually
very crowded attracting tourists
as well as locals who use it as a
gathering place. Each year in
May the steps are decorated
with pink azaleas. At the foot of
the Spanish Steps is the Piazza
di Spagna (Spanish square) and
the Fontana della Barcaccia, a
sober fountain designed by Gian
Roman cuisine is the cuisine of the Italian city of Rome.
Roman cuisine is based on seasonal ingredients coming
most from Roman Campagna, and prepared in a simple way.
Among these, the most important are vegetables (typical are
peas, globe artichokes and fava beans), meat (milk lamb and
goat) and cheeses (Pecorino romano) and ricotta). Typical
condiment in Roman cuisine is strutto, pork lard prepared
and canned each winter.Used is also the fat of prosciutto,
while olive oil is used only for raw vegetables and - partially -
to fry. Days of the week are often assigned to food, such as
gnocchi on Thursday, baccalà (salted cod) on Fridays, and
trippa for Saturdays.
Bruschetta - a popular antipasto or appetizer in central Italy.
Romanesco word bread which is lightly burnt, typically rubbed with garlic and
topped with oil and tomatoes.
Supplì - fried rice croquettes which are stuffed with beef ragout and
Fettuccine Alfredo - pasta dish with butter and Parmesan cheese.
Bucatini alla Matriciana - pasta dish with a sauce made of tomato, guanciale,
and grated Pecorino Romano
Spaghetti alla Carbonara - pasta dish with a sauce made with whipped eggs,
and topped with Italian bacon, pepper and grated Pecorino Romano
Some Of The Roman Cuisine
Bucatini alla Matriciana
Spaghetti alla Carbonara
May is when the summer season really kicks off in Rome, with much
warmer temperatures and less rain; it is the perfect time to see what
Rome has to offer.
The average daily temperature usually rise to 23°C (73°F), and only
dips as low as 11°C (52°F).
The average daily sunshine is about 9 hours a day and there is less
chance of showers, with the average monthly rainfall 48 mm on 10
With the arrival of warmer weather, it is possible to go out and about
in light clothing such as t-shirt.
Evenings are likely to be much cooler so it is advisable to bring long
sleeved tops and light jackets, especially as there is still a chance to
rain. A Check to local weather forecast is advisable.
With the warm, dry weather, it is a good time to see Rome’s famous
Italian is the official and most widely spoken language in Rome. However,
Rome is a large tourist city, and many within Rome's major tourist areas
speak English. As an expat, it will be most beneficial to learn Italian for day to
day life in the city. As a new resident, you will often find yourself outside of
tourist areas. Although many of Rome's residents are friendly and helpful to
those who do not speak the language, many who do not live or work in the
main tourist area do not speak English. Knowing Italian will help you to better
assimilate into the city's culture.
Learning Italian will also help you to get the most out of living in Rome. By
knowing the language, you will not be limited as to where you can go or
where you can work.
Rome offers a variety of schools where Italian can be learned from native
Italian speakers. Courses range in duration and style to meet the needs of
expats. Below is a list of and links to some of the popular schools where
Italian can be learned in Rome.
Roman currency for most of Roman history consisted of gold,
silver, brass, and copper coinage. From its introduction to the
Republic, during the third century BC, well into Imperial times,
Roman currency has seen many changes in form, denomination,
and composition. A persistent feature was the inflationary
debasement and replacement of coins over the centuries. Notable
examples of this followed the reforms of Diocletian. This trend
continued into Byzantine times.
Roman clothing and fasion was of great importance to the
higher classes. Materials and fabrics would be imported
from all over the Empire in order to make the finest Roman
clothing; linen from Egypt, cotton fabrics from India, and
silk from China. The dye used to colour these materials were
expensive, so only the rich could afford the nicest cloths.
A man would typically be expected to wear a tunic and toga;
they would wear sandalson their feet (Solea's), which would
be fastened with leather straps. Women wore robes called
stola's, this was a robe which would reach their feet, and this
was also a symbol of marriage. Interestingly women who
had committed crimes of adultery were not allowed to wear
The population of Rome on November
18th 2013 is approximately 2,816,895.
(Extrapolated from a population of
2,726,927 on November 7th 2009 and a
population of 2,743,796 on August 13th
Application form duly filled in block capitals. Application must be
signed and dated by applicant on submitting the application. The
visa application form can be downloaded from this web site.
Two recent colour passport-size photographs (white
background), size 3,5 x 4,5 cm. As to the technical specification
see the relevant document.
Passport valid for at least 3 months after the expiry date of the
requested visa and containing at least 2 empty pages.
Copy of the passport page containing holder’s data and those
mentioning an extension of validity.
Copies of any previous and current visa (if applicable).
REQUISITE DOCUMENTS FOR
• Application form
• Recent passport style photo
• Passport or travel document(3mth val.)
• Proof of available transport
• Proof of available oldging in Italy
• Proof of economic means
• Doucmentation of socio-professional standing
• Health insurance policy (€30,000)
Doucments required for tourist Visa.