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International Destination-Rome


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The presentation is about Rome which is located in Italy, Europe. It describes how to get there, accommodation, excursion etc . History of Europe and Italy with their flags.

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International Destination-Rome

  1. 1. Europe Second smallest Continent by area, has second highest population in world. Europe has a variety of climate and a breathtaking climate.
  2. 2. Italy Italy is a country in Southern Europe. Together with Greece, it is acknowledged as the birthplace of Western culture. Not surprisingly, it is also home to the greatest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the world. High art and monuments are to be found everywhere around the country. It is also famous worldwide for its delicious cuisine, its trendy fashion industry, luxury sports cars and motorcycles, diverse regional cultures and dialects, as well as for its beautiful coast, alpine lakes and mountain ranges (the Alps and Apennines). No wonder it is often nicknamed the Bel Paese (the Beautiful Country).
  3. 3. National Flag Of Italy
  6. 6. INTRODUTION TO ROME A thousand years ago Rome was one of the most important cities in the world. A legend tells of the city being formed by twin brothers, Romulus and Remus, who were abandoned at birth and raised by a wolf. When the twins grew up, they decided to build a city where they had been abandoned. Remus and Romulus argued over the boundaries of this city. Romulus, in a rage, killed Remus. After Remus's death the city was named Rome after Romulus who ruled the city.
  7. 7. History  2,800 years of the existence of a city  Latin village in the 9th century BC  Papacy was the ruler of the city  Rome remained a centre of pilgrimage and also tourism.  The oldest named cities in the world  Capital of Italy
  8. 8. Roman Forum Roman Attire Colosseum
  9. 9. Colosseum St. Peter's Basilica Pantheon RomanForum Trevi Fountain
  10. 10. Colosseum The Colosseum is the largest and most famous amphitheater in the Roman world. The name Colosseum is derived from the Colossus Neronis, an enormous bronze statue that Emperor Nero had erected in his image and was located near the Colosseum. The statue was eventually pulled down, possible to reuse its bronze. The Colosseum is 189 meters (615 feet) long, and 156 meters (510 feet) wide, while the outer wall is 48 meters (157 feet) high. The central arena is surrounded by a 4.5 meter (15 foot)high wall. It was capable of holding some 50,000 spectators who could enter the building through no less than 80 entrances. Above the arena were 4 tiers of seating. The upper tier contained seating for lower classes and women. The lowest tier was preserved for prominent citizens.
  11. 11. Interior Of Colosseum Colosseum
  12. 12. St. Peter’s Basilica. • St. Peter’s Basilica. Located on Vatican Hill near the historic center of Rome, St. Peter’s Basilica is a dominating structure that was built over a period of more than a hundred years by some of Italy’s greatest artists including Michelangelo and Bernini. Although the original church was built in 349 AD, the current basilica was constructed in the 16th century to replace the former due to deterioration.
  13. 13. Catholic tradition says that the present day St. Peter’sBasilica is built upon the tomb site where Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, was buried in 64 AD. The church building itself is impressive, sporting the world’s tallest dome, which dominates Rome’s skyline. Designed in cruciform shape, the basilica features an extended nave in the form of a Latin cross. Able to hold 60,000 people at a time. Contd., Michelangel o
  14. 14. Pantheon One of the best preserved Roman buildings, The Pantheon was built in 126 AD as a temple for all the Roman gods. The temple has served as a Roman Catholic Church since the 7th century. The Pantheon consists of a large circular portico with three ranks of huge granite Corinthian columns. The portico opens into a rotunda which is topped with a concrete dome with a central opening: the oculus. Almost two thousand years after it was built, the Pantheon’s dome is still the largest unreinforced concrete dome in the world.
  15. 15. The Dome Exterior View
  16. 16. Trevi Fountain Completed in 1762 to a design by Nicola Salvi, this world famous Baroque fountain features a mythological sculptural composition of Neptune, god of the sea, flanked by two Tritons. The location of the Trevi fountain marks the terminus of the ancient Aqua Virgo aqueduct and is so named on account of its position at the junction of three roads (tre vie). The fountain was the setting for an iconic scene in Fellini’s film Dolce Vita starring Anita Ekberg and Marcello Mastroianni. Since than, it has become one of the most popular Rome tourist attractions. The legend says that one who throws a coin in the fountain shall one day return to Rome.
  17. 17. Piazza Navona One of the most famous of Rome’s many squares, Piazza Navona was established towards the end of the 15th century, and preserves the shape of the Stadium of Domitian that once stood here. Built by Emperor Domitian in 86 AD, the stadium, which had a larger arena than the Colosseum was mainly used for festivals and sporting events. The buildings surrounding the square stand where the spectators once sat. Today, the square features no less than three magnificent fountains and is an immensely popular place to sip a cappuccino, shop, and watch street performers.
  18. 18. SHOPPING Market The larger and more colorful and lively markets in the centre of Rome and are worth to visit.They usually open at 7am-1pm, Monday to Saturday. A word of warning - crowded open-air markets are ideal hunting grounds for nimble-fingered pickpockets, so please be careful
  19. 19. "Old is cool" Stocks of old American jeans from 1960s and 1970s made with an indigo material, polo-neck jumpers, Paco Raban-style, all is in great demand and Rome offers a great choice of secondhand clothes shops. But what's even more sought-after is 'dead stock', i.e. old clothes that have never been worn. Antique shops Collectors, professional or amateur, should be able to pick up much of interest in Rome's secondhands and antique shops (some truly excellent), or in art galleries, or in the famous Porta Portese flea market held in Rome's Trastevere district. however, real bargains are hard to come by. * SECOND -HAND CLOTHES SHOP
  20. 20. Flea market Variety of Hand Gloves Italian MasksShopping Zone
  21. 21. Location of vatican city
  22. 22. Vatican City is an ecclesiastical or sacerdotal state, ruled by the Bishop of Rome (The Pope). The highest state functionaries are all Catholic clergymen of various national origins. It is the sovereign territory of the Holy See and the location of the Pope's residence, referred to as the Apostolic Palace.
  23. 23. VATICAN MUSEUMS  The Vatican Museums is the largest museum complex in the worldwith over1400 rooms.  The Vatican Museum includes the museum, galleries with 3,000 years of art, the Sistine Chapel, and parts of the papal palace.  There is an astonishing amount of art, including a room of works by Raphael.
  24. 24.  The Sistine Chapel was built from 1473-1481 as both the pope's privatechapel.  The venue for the election of the new popeby thecardinals.  Michelangelo painted the famous ceiling frescoes, with the central scenes depicting creation and the story of Noah with Biblical scenes on thewalls. SISTINE CHAPEL
  25. 25. Local Transport.  PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION 1- BUSES & TRAMS 2- METRO 3- TAXI
  26. 26. PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION Rome has two airports - Fiumicino (Leonardo da Vinci) and Ciampino. This is Rome’s main airport and is is well-connected with the centre during the day by an express train. The express train between Fiumicino Airport and Stazione Termini (Rome's main train station) costs € 9.50 and the journey takes about 30 minutes. The train departs from and arrives at Termini station Rome's smaller airport, is mostly used by charter flights and budget airlines. To get to the centre from this airport, take COTRAL Bus, get off at Metro A: Anagnina station, then to Termini Station. Cotral bus runs every 30 minutes, until 11pm.
  27. 27. Fiumicino Airport Roma Termini
  28. 28. There are hundreds of bus lines, running from 5:30am till midnight. All buses and trams travel in both directions. Electric buses In an effort to minimize pollution in the small backstreets of the historic center, the city has established several electric bus lines to navigate alleyways barely wide enough for a Vespa. Night buses Over 20 night bus lines run from 00:30am to 5:30am. The main terminal stations are Termini and Piazza Venezia. From these two piazzas buses leave for all directions every 30 minutes. Night bus stops are marked with an owl. You can purchase tickets on board. For lines tables and public transport maps visit official site of public transportation in rome Buses and Trams
  29. 29. Electric Train Buses
  30. 30. Taxi If you need a taxi, remember to look for the official metered white or yellow taxis. There are taxi ranks in many locations throughout the center, but is nearly impossible to hail one driving down the streets, particularly at night. Make sure your taxi is metered; insist on the metered fare, rather than an arranged price. To call for a taxi within Rome, try 06 3570, 06 4994, 06 6645, 06 551, or 06 8822.
  31. 31. ACCOMMODATION There are three types of accommodation 1. BED AND BREAKFAST 2.HOSTELS AND DORMITORIES 3.APARTMENTS
  32. 32. Fairly new accommodation option for visitors to Rome is bed & breakfast accommodation. Roman hosts offer their spare rooms to visitors, generally for a much lower price than an equivalent hotel room. Bed & Breakfast
  33. 33. Rome hostels offer one of the cheapest type of accommodation in Rome. Their rates range from 17€ for a bed in a share room with common social facilities. Hostels and dormitories
  34. 34. Apartments There are several reasons why one might look for an apartment rental rather than a hotel accommodation when in Rome. Fistly, apartments are more comfortable and also functional Secondly, you get to experience life as locals do in a "Roman home", and keep away from undesirable "tourist traps". Thirdly, renting and apartment is very often much cheaper option.
  36. 36. Pompeii and Amalfi Coast are both UNESCO World Heritage Sites and among the most visited destinations in Italy. This day tour excursion highlights the best the region has to offer from the impressive ancient city of and archaeological park of Pompeii, to lunch by the sea in enchanting Sorrentoand a stroll through the charming seaside village of Positano. Pompeii and Amalfi Coast
  37. 37. Amalfi Coast
  38. 38. A two-hour train ride from Rome to the lovely hill region of Umbria will bring you to the medieval town of Assisi where you can explore significant religious sites, Roman ruins and artistic beauty. The town’s main attraction is the Basilica of St. Francis, the eternal resting place of Italy’s patron saint. Most of the cobblestone streets in town lead to this beautiful cathedral where you can admire its exquisite architecture and interior ceilings and walls that are embellished with stunning frescoes. Surrounding the basilica, you will discover medieval houses and shops that are well worth a look. Other sites not to miss include Piazza del Comune, the town center, with its old clock tower, the Church of Santa Maria Sopra Minerva with its Roman columns, and St. Claire’s Basilica, which offers scenic views of the valley below Assisi
  39. 39. A day trip from Rome to the beautiful island of Capri requires a full day, but it is well worth it. After a train ride from Rome to Naples, you then will enjoy a scenic boat ride across the Gulf of Naples to the main port of Capri, Marina Grande. At this lively port, you can browse a variety of shops, savor great food at a terraced cafe and watch people passing by as well as colorful boats coming in and out. Capri offers several fantastic attractions, but the one not to miss is the Blue Grotto, a cave that reveals a brilliant reflection of blue and emerald-colored water. The cave can be accessed by a short boat ride from Marina Grande. Other attractions include Mount Solaro, Capri’s highest point. A chair lift takes visitors to the top of the mountain which offers stunning views of the island and sea. The lovely Villa San Michele in the town of Anacapri is also worth a visit with its stunning gardens, Phoenician steps, cafe and museum. Capri
  41. 41. Spanish Steps A truly monumental stairway of 135 steps, the Spanish Steps were built with French funds between 1721-1725 in order to link the Bourbon Spanish embassy to the Holy See with the French church, Trinità dei Monti. The steps are usually very crowded attracting tourists as well as locals who use it as a gathering place. Each year in May the steps are decorated with pink azaleas. At the foot of the Spanish Steps is the Piazza di Spagna (Spanish square) and the Fontana della Barcaccia, a sober fountain designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
  42. 42. ROMAN CUISINE Roman cuisine is the cuisine of the Italian city of Rome. Roman cuisine is based on seasonal ingredients coming most from Roman Campagna, and prepared in a simple way. Among these, the most important are vegetables (typical are peas, globe artichokes and fava beans), meat (milk lamb and goat) and cheeses (Pecorino romano) and ricotta). Typical condiment in Roman cuisine is strutto, pork lard prepared and canned each winter.Used is also the fat of prosciutto, while olive oil is used only for raw vegetables and - partially - to fry. Days of the week are often assigned to food, such as gnocchi on Thursday, baccalà (salted cod) on Fridays, and trippa for Saturdays.
  43. 43. Bruschetta - a popular antipasto or appetizer in central Italy. Romanesco word bread which is lightly burnt, typically rubbed with garlic and topped with oil and tomatoes. Supplì - fried rice croquettes which are stuffed with beef ragout and mozzarella. Fettuccine Alfredo - pasta dish with butter and Parmesan cheese. Bucatini alla Matriciana - pasta dish with a sauce made of tomato, guanciale, and grated Pecorino Romano Spaghetti alla Carbonara - pasta dish with a sauce made with whipped eggs, and topped with Italian bacon, pepper and grated Pecorino Romano Some Of The Roman Cuisine
  44. 44. Bruschetta Romanesco
  45. 45. Supplì Fettuccine Alfredo
  46. 46. Bucatini alla Matriciana Spaghetti alla Carbonara
  47. 47. GENERAL INFORMATION WEATHER May is when the summer season really kicks off in Rome, with much warmer temperatures and less rain; it is the perfect time to see what Rome has to offer. The average daily temperature usually rise to 23°C (73°F), and only dips as low as 11°C (52°F). The average daily sunshine is about 9 hours a day and there is less chance of showers, with the average monthly rainfall 48 mm on 10 days. With the arrival of warmer weather, it is possible to go out and about in light clothing such as t-shirt. Evenings are likely to be much cooler so it is advisable to bring long sleeved tops and light jackets, especially as there is still a chance to rain. A Check to local weather forecast is advisable. With the warm, dry weather, it is a good time to see Rome’s famous landmarks.
  48. 48. Italian is the official and most widely spoken language in Rome. However, Rome is a large tourist city, and many within Rome's major tourist areas speak English. As an expat, it will be most beneficial to learn Italian for day to day life in the city. As a new resident, you will often find yourself outside of tourist areas. Although many of Rome's residents are friendly and helpful to those who do not speak the language, many who do not live or work in the main tourist area do not speak English. Knowing Italian will help you to better assimilate into the city's culture. Learning Italian will also help you to get the most out of living in Rome. By knowing the language, you will not be limited as to where you can go or where you can work. Rome offers a variety of schools where Italian can be learned from native Italian speakers. Courses range in duration and style to meet the needs of expats. Below is a list of and links to some of the popular schools where Italian can be learned in Rome. LANGUAGE
  49. 49. CURRENCY Roman currency for most of Roman history consisted of gold, silver, brass, and copper coinage. From its introduction to the Republic, during the third century BC, well into Imperial times, Roman currency has seen many changes in form, denomination, and composition. A persistent feature was the inflationary debasement and replacement of coins over the centuries. Notable examples of this followed the reforms of Diocletian. This trend continued into Byzantine times.
  50. 50. Present Rate 1 Euro equals 83.92 Indian Rupee
  51. 51. Clothing Roman clothing and fasion was of great importance to the higher classes. Materials and fabrics would be imported from all over the Empire in order to make the finest Roman clothing; linen from Egypt, cotton fabrics from India, and silk from China. The dye used to colour these materials were expensive, so only the rich could afford the nicest cloths. A man would typically be expected to wear a tunic and toga; they would wear sandalson their feet (Solea's), which would be fastened with leather straps. Women wore robes called stola's, this was a robe which would reach their feet, and this was also a symbol of marriage. Interestingly women who had committed crimes of adultery were not allowed to wear stola's.
  52. 52. The population of Rome on November 18th 2013 is approximately 2,816,895. (Extrapolated from a population of 2,726,927 on November 7th 2009 and a population of 2,743,796 on August 13th 2010.) POPULATION
  53. 53. Application form duly filled in block capitals. Application must be signed and dated by applicant on submitting the application. The visa application form can be downloaded from this web site. Two recent colour passport-size photographs (white background), size 3,5 x 4,5 cm. As to the technical specification see the relevant document. Passport valid for at least 3 months after the expiry date of the requested visa and containing at least 2 empty pages. Copy of the passport page containing holder’s data and those mentioning an extension of validity. Copies of any previous and current visa (if applicable). REQUISITE DOCUMENTS FOR TOURIST VISA
  54. 54. • Application form • Recent passport style photo • Passport or travel document(3mth val.) • Proof of available transport • Proof of available oldging in Italy • Proof of economic means • Doucmentation of socio-professional standing • Health insurance policy (€30,000) Doucments required for tourist Visa.
  56. 56. Costing From Mumbai To Rome, Italy (FCO) • Jet Airways- Fare 65,160 • British Airway-Fare90,898 • Qatar Airway – Fare62,883
  57. 57. Thank You
  58. 58. Bibilography