7 NEWS VALUES

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7 NEWS VALUES

  1. 1. NEWS VALUES and NEWSWORTHINESS Gatekeepers G A Gatekeepers include news editors, owners of newspapers and journalists and reporters. They decide just which news stories are going to feature in the news. Crime stories are very attractive to gatekeepers, they are very good for selling papers and enabling publications to hold or even increase their share of the market. T Mass of news, issues, views every day 24/7 E G G A A T T E E The distorted picture of crime painted by the news media reflects the fact that the news is a SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION News does not simply exist out there waiting to be gathered in and written up by the journalist. It is a social construct – the outcome of a social process in which only stories that make people buy newspapers will be printed – all the time stories are being considered - then some are selected, some are rejected. As Cohen & Young (1973) argued news is not discovered but MANUFACTURED How are crime stories selected? Through NEWS VALUES – a set of criteria which editors and journalists use to decide if a story is NEWSWORTHY (worth putting into the news) Key news values influencing the selection of crime stories: 1. Immediacy 2. Dramatisation: action and excitement 3. Personalisation: human interest stories about individuals 4. Higher-status: persons and celebrities 5. Simplification: eliminating shades of grey/ clear good and evil, ‘innocent victim’/wicked perpetrator’ extreme 6. Novelty or unexpectedness: a new angle 7. Risk: victim-centred stories about vulnerability and fear 8. Violence: especially visible and spectacular acts Contemporary crime story examples: Crime News story News values involved? a) b) c) d)

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