7 Mind map Moral Panics / Cybercrime


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7 Mind map Moral Panics / Cybercrime

  1. 1. Moral-panic – exaggerated overreaction by society to a perceived problem CyberIn moral panic: The media identify a group as folk devil pornography: or threat to societal values including The media present the group in a Cyber-violence: minors + negative, stereotypical fashion and psychological harm, cyber opportunities exaggerate the scale of the problem stalking, threatening for children to Moral entrepreneurs, editors, politicians, emails access it police chiefs + other ‘respectable’ people condemn the group + its behaviour Wall – four categories of cyber-crime... Cyber deception + theft: identity theft, software piracy, illegal downloading. Swash:95% of music online now illegally downloaded Cyber-trespass: hacking, sabotage, spreading viruses Global Cyber-Crime Internet caused moral panic due to speed with which it has developed + its scale: fear of cyber crime Thomas + Loader: computer mediated activities are either illegal or considered illicit by some Jewkes: internet creates opportunities to commit fraud + software piracy Criticism of idea of moral panics: Assumes societal reaction is over-reaction but who is to say what is proportionate reaction? Why are the media able to amplify some problems into panic and not others? McRobbie and Thornton: moral panics are routine and have less impact due to today’s ‘shock, horror’ stories Prediction: media regularly assumed and predicted further conflict + violence would result Exaggeration and distortion: media exaggerated no. involved + extent of damage + violence Moral Panics The wider context Cohen puts example of mods and rockers into wider context of post-war British society Moral panics often occur at times of social change The folk devil created by media symbolises and gives a focus to popular anxiety about social disorder Functionalist perspective – moral panic way of responding to sense of anomie Hall et all – neo-Marxist approach. Moral panic over mugging in Britain in 70s served to distract from crisis of capitalism Symbolisation: symbols of mods + rockers i.e. dress, hair, music etc, negatively labelled _ associated with deviance Cohen: Mods and rockers Mods wore smart dress + rode scooters Rockers wore leather jackets + rode motorbikes Both groups made up of largely working class teenagers Media portrayal of events led to amplification spiral, seeming as if problem was spreading The more the media defined the two groups + their subcultural styles, the more youths started to adopt these styles Media transformed two loose-knit groups into two tight-knit gangs Encouraged polarisation Mods and rockers = folk devils