Philosophers who influenced the development of early liberalism:<br />PersonBeliefs about human nature?Interpretations of ...
Philosophers who influenced the development of early liberalism
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Philosophers who influenced the development of early liberalism

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Philosophers who influenced the development of early liberalism

  1. 1. Philosophers who influenced the development of early liberalism:<br />PersonBeliefs about human nature?Interpretations of human history?Beliefs on how a society should be structured?Visions for the future?Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679): Hobbes nevertheless supposed that human agents are free in the sense that their activities are not under constraint from anyone else. On this compatibilist view, we have no reason to complain about the strict determination of the will so long as we are not subject to interference from outside ourselves. (leviathan2-21) people are evil to their roots, born evil. Yet, we have the power to choose good or evil, thus we the bad.Hobbes promoted that monarchy is the best form of government and the only one that can guarantee peace. He has a pessimist view, negative and full of conflict and war, he blames all troubles on the people of the past. Thus needing strong leaders to manage these people.That there may be one ruler to manage all the subjects to try and reconstruct the evil ways of man. Totalitarianism. He turned to political theory, but his support for absolutism. Total control by the government.John Locke (1632-1704):Humans in the state of nature have perfect freedom, they are driven by emotions. That any form of government shouldn’t have control over one’s freedoms.That people were enslaved under the power and control of governments, and that they should have the right to their freedom.He argued against the exercise of any governmental effort to promote or to restrict particular religious beliefs and practices. “The father of liberalism.” A liberalist, a realist.He wants equality for everyone, by having no shape or form of government.Jean- Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778):The society was greater than the individual, and through the individual the society would prosper.He believed that people were not naturally selfish; he believed that each man was born free.By abandoning their natural rights and joining together as a society preserve themselves and remain free. He thought that people would join together to prosper to live as comfortable as possible.<br />

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