Wk1-How To Read Revelation


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Week 1 Slides for Jon Kohler's Amarillo College Revelation Class.

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Wk1-How To Read Revelation

  1. 1. How to Read Revelation
  2. 2. What kind of book is revelation? <ul><li>Genre (Rev 1:1) </li></ul><ul><li>Three types of Genre: Apocalypse (1:1), Prophecy (1:3), and Epistle (1:4-6 and chs 2-3) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Christian Prophecy <ul><li>John writes in the tradition of the OT prophets. </li></ul><ul><li>He writes as the climax of Biblical prophecy </li></ul><ul><li>Revelation is intended to be read aloud. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the only book in the Bible with an implicit blessing attached (1:3). </li></ul>
  4. 4. Apocalyptic <ul><li>Apocalyptic books include: Daniel, Isaiah, Zech. </li></ul><ul><li>Narrative frame work </li></ul><ul><li>Envisions a transcendent reality (like Job) </li></ul><ul><li>Counters the Roman imperial view of the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Highlights the sovereignty of God. </li></ul><ul><li>Communicates through symbols and pictures </li></ul>
  5. 5. Apocalyptic <ul><li>God’s role in human history. </li></ul><ul><li>John is concerned with end-time judgment and salvation. </li></ul><ul><li>Includes a concrete historical situation. </li></ul><ul><li>John sees behind the scenes from the perspective of God’s throne room. </li></ul><ul><li>Tends to be repetitive. </li></ul>
  6. 6. As an apocalypse Revelation answers the question, “Who is Lord over the world and all created things?” <ul><li>“ The apocalyptists sought to maintain the faith of God’s people in the one, all-powerful and righteous God, in the face of the harsh realities of evil in the world, especially the political evil of the oppression of God’s faithful people by the great pagan empires. The answer to this problem was always and essentially, that, despite appearances, it is God who rules his creation and the time is coming soon when he will overthrow the evil empires and establish his kingdom.” Bauckham, Theology, 8-9 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Epistolary (circular letter) <ul><li>One circular letter written to the seven churches of Asia Minor: Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodica. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Epistle <ul><li>The entire book is a letter not just chs 2-3. </li></ul><ul><li>Audience is at least two groups: (1) the saints, (2)seven churches in Asia Minor. </li></ul>Domitian
  9. 9. Tips on interpreting Rev. <ul><li>Scripture interprets scripture. </li></ul><ul><li>What is God doing in the text? </li></ul><ul><li>Picture book not puzzle book. </li></ul><ul><li>Book of Praise. </li></ul><ul><li>Must understand the OT: Daniel, Ezekiel, Isaiah, Zechariah, Joel, Exodus, and Genesis. </li></ul><ul><li>It is visionary to confront the images of the 1 st century. </li></ul>
  10. 10. More Tips… <ul><li>Images are understood within the overall theology of the Bible. </li></ul><ul><li>We must look at the social, political, cultural, and religious world of the 1 st century. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t overlook the theme of divine judgment and salvation. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Conclusion: <ul><li>Challenge: “choose for yourselves this day whom you will serve” (Josh 24:15). </li></ul><ul><li>There are two sides, but there is not cosmic dualism. </li></ul><ul><li>Satan falls short in battle and as he counterfeits. </li></ul>