Theorizing in Design ResearchMatti RossiAalto University School of EconomicsSandeep PuraoPenn State UniversityMaung SeinAg...
Contents• Why theorizing from DR at all?• What has been said before• How one can theorize from from DR?                   ...
What theory is not?(Sutton and Staw, 1995)•   References are not theory•   Data are not theory•   Lists of variables and c...
Theory according Nunamaker et al.Different types of theory building:• Declare the “truth”   –    e.g. Dijkstra’s ”Go to st...
Theory of theories(Gregor, 2006)•   Theory for analysing and describing•   Theory for explaining•   Theory for predicting•...
IS Design Theory(Walls et al, 1992)Kernel     Meta-      Meta-     TestableTheory    Require-    Design    (product)      ...
Walls, Widmeyer and El-Sawy 2004-                                       7
Kuechler and Vaishnavi (2008) on levels oftheories               9/23/2012               8                                ...
Generalizing from ADR                            Design Theory             Level 4                                Design  ...
Modifying (kernel) theory through ADR                                            Level 3:                         Kernel  ...
Conclusions• Theorizing is vital for design research to mature   – We should see the designs as tests of the kernel and/or...
12
Contact Information    Matti Rossi    Helsinki School of Economics    P.O. Box 1210    FIN-00101 Helsinki    Finland    Em...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Design theorizing ecis practise workshop 09062012

471 views

Published on

Thoughts about theorizing from ADR and DR

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
471
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
5
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Legend:Thickarrow = generalizationThinarrow = haseffect on
  • Morning examples -> Sandeep
  • Design theorizing ecis practise workshop 09062012

    1. 1. Theorizing in Design ResearchMatti RossiAalto University School of EconomicsSandeep PuraoPenn State UniversityMaung SeinAgder University
    2. 2. Contents• Why theorizing from DR at all?• What has been said before• How one can theorize from from DR? 9/23/2012 2 2
    3. 3. What theory is not?(Sutton and Staw, 1995)• References are not theory• Data are not theory• Lists of variables and constructs are not theory• Diagrams are not theory• Hypotheses (or predictions) are not theory 3
    4. 4. Theory according Nunamaker et al.Different types of theory building:• Declare the “truth” – e.g. Dijkstra’s ”Go to statement considered harmful” CACM, 1968• Formulate a concept (i.e. a framework) – e.g. Relational model• Construct a method – e.g. Parnas on modularity• Develop a theory – e.g. Halstead’s Software Science 4
    5. 5. Theory of theories(Gregor, 2006)• Theory for analysing and describing• Theory for explaining• Theory for predicting• Theory for explaining and predicting• Theory for design and action (design theory) 5
    6. 6. IS Design Theory(Walls et al, 1992)Kernel Meta- Meta- TestableTheory Require- Design (product) ments hypothesesKernel Design TestableTheory Method (process) hypotheses 6
    7. 7. Walls, Widmeyer and El-Sawy 2004- 7
    8. 8. Kuechler and Vaishnavi (2008) on levels oftheories 9/23/2012 8 8
    9. 9. Generalizing from ADR Design Theory Level 4 Design Principles Class of Class of Problems Level 3 Solutions Level 1 Level 2 Design Solution(s) as Problem(s) process artifact in use 9
    10. 10. Modifying (kernel) theory through ADR Level 3: Kernel modifying Theory theory Class of Problems Class of Solutions Level 1 Level 2 Design Solution(s) as Problem(s) process artifact in use 10
    11. 11. Conclusions• Theorizing is vital for design research to mature – We should see the designs as tests of the kernel and/or design theories• There are different forms of theorizing• There are different theoretical contributions• Not everyone has to come up with a full design theory – The goal should be always to develop at least design principles 9/23/2012 11 11
    12. 12. 12
    13. 13. Contact Information Matti Rossi Helsinki School of Economics P.O. Box 1210 FIN-00101 Helsinki Finland Email: matti.rossi@hse.fi Phone: +358-9-43138996 Fax : +358-9-43138777 http://www.hse.fi/EN/HKI/R/Matti.Rossi/1_ContactInfo.htm IM: Matti_Rossi@msn.com 13 13

    ×